|French ship Actionnaire|
|Laid down:||June 1767 |
|Launched:||22 December 1767 |
|In service:||April 1770 |
|Out of service:||21 April 1782 |
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Indien class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1200 tonne|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
Actionnaire was built for the French East India Company at Lorient, and entered service for her first commercial journey in 1767. She did a commercial journey to Puducherry, departing Lorient on 12 March 1768 and returning on 30 October 1769.
After the collapse of the company, the French Navy purchased in April 1770. She did another commercial journey in 1771, and was later recommissioned as a 68-gun ship of the line.
From 1779, she was under Captain Gilart de Larchantel. In 1780, she was part of Guichen's squadron, and she took part in the Battle of Martinique on 17 April 1780, as well as in the actions of 15 May and 19 May 1780.
Larchantel died at Saint-Domingue on 21 January 1781. On 17 July 1781, command of Actionnaire was given to Marigny.
On 20 April 1782, Actionnaire was armed en flûte, under Captain Kerangal, and was part of a convoy commanded by Soulanges, with his flag on the 74-gun Protecteur, along with the ship Pégase and the frigates Indiscrète and Andromaque. A 12-ship and 4-frigate British squadron intercepted, and in the subsequent Third Battle of Ushant, HMS Foudroyant and HMS Queen captured Pégase and four transports. Actionnaire retreated, but the 80-gun Foudroyant gave chase and caught up with her in the evening. Actionnaire fired a token broadside and struck her colours. 
Sources and references
- Contenson, Ludovic (1934). La Société des Cincinnati de France et la guerre d'Amérique (1778–1783). Paris: éditions Auguste Picard. OCLC 7842336. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k65709399/f319.item.r.
- Kérallain, R. (1928). "Bougainville à l'armée du Cte de Grasse". https://www.persee.fr/doc/jsa_0037-9174_1928_num_20_1_3639.
- Lacour-Gayet, Georges (1910). La marine militaire de la France sous le règne de Louis XVI. Paris: Honoré Champion. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1181278.texteImage.
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 – 1870. p. 48. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
- Troude, Onésime-Joachim (1867) (in fr). Batailles navales de la France. 2. Challamel ainé. https://books.google.com/books?id=TwZv6FX-RpsC.
- Archives nationales (2011). "Fonds Marine, sous-série B/4: Campagnes, 1571–1785". http://www.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/chan/chan/series/pdf/Marine-B4.pdf.
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