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French cruiser La Galissonnière
Georges-Leygues-1.jpg
Career (France)
Namesake: Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière
Builder: Arsenal de Brest (Brest, France)
Laid down: 15 December 1931
Launched: 18 November 1933
Commissioned: 1 January 1936
Fate: Scuttled at Toulon, 27 November 1942
General characteristics
Class & type: La Galissonnière class cruiser
Displacement: 7,600 tons (standard)
9120 tons (full load)
Length: 179 metres (589 feet)
Beam: 17.5 metres (57 feet)
Draught: 5.35 metres (17.5 feet)
Propulsion: 2-shaft Parsons single reduction geared turbines
4 Indret boilers
84,000 shp
Speed: 31 knots
Range: 7,000 nmi at 12 knots
6,800 at 14 knots
5,500 at 18 knots
1,650 at 34 knots
Complement: 540
Armament: 9x152 mm (6 inch)/ 54.3 calibre (3x3)
8x90 mm (3.5 inch) anti-aircraft (4x2)
24x40 millimetre (6x4)
4x550mm (21.7 inch) torpedo tubes (2x2)
Armour: main belt: 105 mm
end bulkheads: 30 mm
sides: 120 mm
deck: 38 mm
turrets: 100 mm
tower: 95 mm
Aircraft carried: up to 4 GL-832, later 2 Loire 130 flying boats
1 catapult

La Galissonnière was the name-ship of a class of French light cruisers, named in honour of Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière. During World War II, she served with Vichy France.

History

La Galissonnière was at first assigned to the 2nd Light Squadron in the Mediterranean until October 1937, when she formed the 3rd Cruiser Division at Toulon, together with her sister ships Jean de Vienne and Marseillaise.

At the outbreak of World War II, La Galissonnière carried out patrol duties off the Tunisian coast until mid November 1939, when she started a major refit at Brest until end of February 1940. She then was based at Toulon until the French surrender in June.

From January 1941, she was part of the Vichy "High Seas Force" at Toulon. Two of the three cruisers from the 3rd Cruisers Division -she and Marseillaise- never went to high sea, due to the lack of fuel, but only in November 1940, to cover the return to Toulon of the battleship Provence, severely damaged by British gunfire in July 1940, during Operation Catapult. However La Galissonnière was effectively disarmed and inactive.

When the Germans occupied Vichy France, she was scuttled on 27 November 1942 to prevent her capture by the Germans and Italians.[1] The cruiser shared the drydock with Dunkerque, and her captain moved her forward and opened the sea valves so that she would sink and block the gates.

Italian "FR.12"

Allocated to the Kingdom of Italy after some political delays, she was subsequently raised by the Regia Marina on 3 March 1943, repaired and renamed FR 12.[2] Italy got many French ships in November 1942, not only the La Galissonnière: two light cruisers, 11 destroyers, 11 escort ships, 9 submarines and 10 minesweepers.[3]

A refit began but this had not finished at time of the Italian armistice (it was rebuilt nearly 60% of the ship). The intention to incorporate the former French ship into the Regia Marina was, however, undermined by Italy's chronic oil fuel shortages.

While in German hands, she was damaged by US bombers on 24 November 1943, after the Italian armistice. La Galissonière eventually sank on 18 August 1944 in an air raid by B-25s of the 321st Bombardment Group, USAAF.[4]

The hulk was raised and finally scrapped in 1952.

Notes

Bibliography

  • Roger Chesneau, ed (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946. Greenwhich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 

External links



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