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Frederick II
File:GrandDukeFriedrichII.jpg
Preceded by Frederick I
Succeeded by Monarchy abolished
Personal details
Born (1857-07-09)9 July 1857
Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden
Died 9 August 1928(1928-08-09) (aged 71)
Badenweiler, Weimar Republic
Spouse(s) Princess Hilda of Nassau (m. 1885)

Frederick II (9 July 1857 – 9 August 1928) was the last sovereign Grand Duke of Baden, reigning from 1907 until the abolition of the German monarchies in 1918. The state of Baden originated from the area of the . In 1951-1952, it became part of the new state of Baden-Württemberg.

Life

Frederick was born on 9 July 1857, in Karlsruhe in the state of Baden-Württemberg to Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden and Princess Louise of Prussia.

As a student at the University of Heidelberg, Frederick was a member of the Suevia Corps, a student fraternal organization. Frederick became the head of the House of Zähringen on 28 September 1907, after the death of his father Frederick I, who was the sovereign Grand Duke of Baden reigning from 1856 to 1907. He abdicated on 22 November 1918, amidst the tumults of the German Revolution of 1918–19 which resulted in the abolition of the . After the death of his cousin Carola of Vasa, he became the representative of the descent of the Kings of Sweden of the House of Holstein-Gottorp. On 20 September 1885 in Schloss Hohenburg, he married Princess Hilda of Nassau, the only daughter of the exiled Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg. There was no surviving issue from the marriage.

He was à la suite the Royal Prussian Regiments Erstes Garde-Regiment zu Fuß (1st Guard Foot Regiment) and 1. Garde-Ulanen-Regiment and à la suite the Imperial 1st Seebataillon.

After his death in 1928, the headship of the house was transferred over to his first cousin who was the last Chancellor of Imperial Germany, Prince Maximilian of Baden.

Titles, styles and honours

Titles and styles

  • 9 July 1857 - 28 September 1907: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden
  • 28 September 1907 - 22 November 1918: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Baden
  • 22 November 1918 - 9 August 1928: His Royal Highness Grand Duke Frederick II of Baden

Honours

German orders and decorations[1]
Foreign orders and decorations[1]
Honorary military appointments

Ancestry

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1910), "Großherzogliches Haus", pp. 1-2
  2. "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named p12
  4. Jørgen Pedersen (2009) (in da). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009. Syddansk Universitetsforlag. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=glw-AQAAIAAJ. 
  5. "Sveriges statskalender" (in sv). 1925. p. 807. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1925/0813.html. Retrieved 2018-01-06. 
  6. "The London Gazette, Issue: 27807 Page: 4251" (in English). https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27807/page/4251/data.pdf. Retrieved 7 August 2019. 
  7. "Sveriges statskalender (1915) p. 201" (in sv). http://runeberg.org/statskal/1915/0201.html. Retrieved 2018-01-06. 

External links

Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden
House of Zähringen
Born: 9 July 1857 Died: 9 August 1928
German royalty
Preceded by
Frederick I
Grand Duke of Baden
28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
German Revolution
Political offices
Preceded by
Friedrich I
as Grand Duke of Baden
Head of State of Baden
28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
Succeeded by
Anton Geiß
as President of the
Republic of Baden
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Republic declared
— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Baden
22 November 1918 – 9 August 1928
Succeeded by
Prince Maximilian

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