|Preceded by||Frederick I|
|Succeeded by||Monarchy abolished|
|Born||9 July 1857|
Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden
|Died||9 August 1928 (aged 71)|
Badenweiler, Weimar Republic
|Spouse(s)||Princess Hilda of Nassau (m. 1885)|
Frederick II (9 July 1857 – 9 August 1928) was the last sovereign Grand Duke of Baden, reigning from 1907 until the abolition of the German monarchies in 1918. The state of Baden originated from the area of the . In 1951-1952, it became part of the new state of Baden-Württemberg.
Frederick was born on 9 July 1857, in Karlsruhe in the state of Baden-Württemberg to Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden and Princess Louise of Prussia.
As a student at the University of Heidelberg, Frederick was a member of the Suevia Corps, a student fraternal organization. Frederick became the head of the House of Zähringen on 28 September 1907, after the death of his father Frederick I, who was the sovereign Grand Duke of Baden reigning from 1856 to 1907. He abdicated on 22 November 1918, amidst the tumults of the German Revolution of 1918–19 which resulted in the abolition of the . After the death of his cousin Carola of Vasa, he became the representative of the descent of the Kings of Sweden of the House of Holstein-Gottorp. On 20 September 1885 in Schloss Hohenburg, he married Princess Hilda of Nassau, the only daughter of the exiled Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg. There was no surviving issue from the marriage.
- 1875 : Sekondeleutnant (= Leutnant)
- 1881 : Premierleutnant (= Oberleutnant)
- 1882 : Hauptmann
- 1884 : Major
- 1889 : Oberst
- 1891 : Generalmajor
- 1893 : Generalleutnant
- 1897 : General der Infanterie
- 1905 : Generaloberst with the rank of Generalfeldmarschall
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and styles
- 9 July 1857 - 28 September 1907: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden
- 28 September 1907 - 22 November 1918: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Baden
- 22 November 1918 - 9 August 1928: His Royal Highness Grand Duke Frederick II of Baden
- German orders and decorations
- Foreign orders and decorations
- Royal Hungarian Order of St. Stephen, Grand Cross, 1885
- Military Jubilee Cross, 14 August 1908
- Belgium: Royal Order of Leopold I, Grand Cordon
- Empire of Brazil: Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Cross
- Denmark: Order of the Elephant, Knight, 13 October 1897
- Kingdom of Italy: Order of the Annunciation, Knight
- Netherlands: Order of the Netherlands Lion, Grand Cross
- Kingdom of Romania:
- Order of Carol I, Grand Cross with Collar
- Order of the Star of Romania, Grand Cross
- Russian Empire: Order of St. Andrew, Knight
- United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: Royal Victorian Order, Honorary Grand Cross, 16 June 1905
- Honorary military appointments
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1910), "Großherzogliches Haus", pp. 1-2
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- Jørgen Pedersen (2009) (in da). Riddere af Elefantordenen, 1559–2009. Syddansk Universitetsforlag. ISBN 978-87-7674-434-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=glw-AQAAIAAJ.
- "Sveriges statskalender" (in sv). 1925. p. 807. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1925/0813.html. Retrieved 2018-01-06.
- "The London Gazette, Issue: 27807 Page: 4251" (in English). https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27807/page/4251/data.pdf. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
- "Sveriges statskalender (1915) p. 201" (in sv). http://runeberg.org/statskal/1915/0201.html. Retrieved 2018-01-06.
- Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden in Stadtwiki Karlsruhe (City wiki of Karlsruhe), German
Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden
House of ZähringenBorn: 9 July 1857 Died: 9 August 1928
|Grand Duke of Baden
28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
as Grand Duke of Baden
|Head of State of Baden
28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
as President of the
Republic of Baden
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
|— TITULAR —
Grand Duke of Baden
22 November 1918 – 9 August 1928
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