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The Right Honourable
The Earl Cawdor
PC JP DL
First Lord of the Admiralty

In office
27 March 1905 – 4 December 1905
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
Preceded by The Earl of Selborne
Succeeded by The Lord Tweedmouth
Personal details
Born 13 February 1847 (1847-02-13)
Windsor, Berkshire
Died 8 February 1911 (1911-02-09) (aged 63)
London
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Edith Turnor (1844-1926)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, 3rd Earl Cawdor PC JP DL (13 February 1847 – 8 February 1911), styled Viscount Emlyn from 1860 to 1898, was a British Conservative politician. He served briefly as First Lord of the Admiralty between March and December 1905.

Background and education

Cawdor was the eldest son of John Campbell, 2nd Earl Cawdor and his wife Sarah Mary, daughter of General the Hon. Henry Cavendish. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He was brought up on the family estates in south Wales and his coming of age in 1868 was a major event in the town of Llandeilo.[1] In 1874 he was appointed to be Deputy Lieutenant for the county of Inverness.[2]

MP for Carmarthesnhire

Cawdor was Conservative Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire from 1874 to 1885. In 1885 the constituency was divided in two and Emlyn decided to contest the new West Carmarthenshire constituency, although most of his family property lay in the eastern part of the county. His chances there appeared to be negligible given the growing industrial population which had been a key factor in the triumph of the Liberal candidate, Edward Sartoris at the 1868 General Election. Emlyn was opposed by the other sitting member, the Liberal W.R.H. Powell, himself a former Conservative supporter, who had first declared his support for the Liberals at the 1874 election. Powell now proclaimed that he had a duty to the Liberal cause to oppose Emlyn.[3]

It was reported that the Conservatives were confident of their chances in West Carmarthenshire, on the grounds that it was largely an agricultural division.[4] However, the electorate had more than doubled in the county, and the 1885 electorate in the Western Division alone exceeded that of the combined county seat in 1880.[4] Powell's victory ended Emlyn's career in Carmarthenshire politics.

Later political career

He succeeded in the earldom in 1898 and served briefly under Arthur Balfour as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Cawdor took a leading part in the Conservative opposition to Lloyd George's budget of 1909 and in drafting resolutions for the reform of the House of Lords in 1910. He was also involved in Pembrokeshire local affairs, and as Chairman of the Great Western Railway from 1895 to 1905 greatly improved the service.

Family

Lord Cawdor married Edith Georgiana Turnor, daughter of Christopher Turnor, on 16 September 1868. They had ten children. He died in February 1911, aged 63, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Hugh. Lady Cawdor died in 1926.

References

  •  Lee, Sidney, ed (1912). "Campbell, Frederick Archibald Vaughan". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages }[better source needed]
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External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward John Sartoris
Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire
1874 – 1885
With: John Jones 1874–1880
W. R. H. Powell 1880–1885
Constituency abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Selborne
First Lord of the Admiralty
1905
Succeeded by
The Lord Tweedmouth
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Kensington
Lord Lieutenant of Pembrokeshire
1896–1911
Succeeded by
The Lord St Davids
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Campbell
Earl Cawdor
1898–1911
Succeeded by
Hugh Frederick Campbell

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