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SS-Oberscharführer Franz Bürkl was a Gestapo officer in the Nazi-occupied Poland. He was assassinated in Operation Bürkl on 7 September 1943.

Bürkl was responsible for numerous executions, summary executions and other killings of the Polish Jews and prisoners of the infamous Pawiak prison in Warsaw (including civilian hostages and Soviet prisoners of war), where he was both a Zugführer (guard shift leader) and a deputy commander. Between 1941 and 1943 he personally murdered several dozen people, both in and outside the prison, including during his trips into the Warsaw Ghetto where he shot people at random. During the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising a group of jailers from Pawiak, under the command of Bürkl, volunteered to help in the hunt for the Jews. He was said to be addicted to morphine and was never seen separated from his big German Shepherd Dog named Kastor which he used to terrorize the prisoners of Pawiak.[1] Prominent among his victims was Dionizy Błeszyński, an Armia Krajowa (AK) district commander who was arrested and hanged in 1943.

In 1943 Bürkl, as "a sadist and a mass murderer", was convicted of crimes against the Polish nation by the Polish resistance's Special Courts, sentenced to death, and shot dead on the street of Warsaw in Operation Bürkl a part of Operation Heads.

Franz Burkl was shot dead by the soldiers of the Polish Home Army AK Head Command. He was shot by the operation leader Jerzy Zborowski and Bronislaw Pietraszewicz "Lot".


  1. Czesław Madajczyk: Polityka III Rzeszy w okupowanej Polsce. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1970. (Polish)

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