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Frank Gorshin
Gorshin as the Riddler, from the Batman television series
Born Frank John Gorshin, Jr.
(1933-04-05)April 5, 1933
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died May 17, 2005(2005-05-17) (aged 72)
Burbank, California, U.S.
Cause of death Lung Cancer
Place of burial Calvary Cemetery in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Spouse(s) Christina Randazzo (1957–2005); his death
Children Mitchell Gorshin
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1953–1955
Unit Special Services

Frank John Gorshin, Jr. (April 5, 1933 – May 17, 2005) was an American character actor and comedian. He was perhaps best known as an impressionist, with many guest appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show and Tonight Starring Steve Allen. His most famous acting role was as The Riddler in the Batman live-action television series.

Early life


Gorshin's Department of Veterans Affairs Index Card.

Gorshin was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the son of Catholic parents Frances, a seamstress, and Frank Gorshin, Sr., a railroad worker.[1][2][3] He was of Croatian ancestry.[4][5] At the age of 15, he took a part-time job as a cinema usher at the Sheridan Square Theatre.[6] He memorized the mannerisms of the screen stars he saw and created an impressionist act. He was still in high school when he obtained his first paid employment, which he secured as the prize in a Pittsburgh talent contest in 1951: a one-week engagement at Jackie Heller's New York nightclub, Carousel. His parents insisted that he take the engagement, even though his 15-year-old brother had been hit by a car and killed just two nights before.[6]

After graduation from Peabody High School, Gorshin attended the Carnegie Tech School of Drama (now known as Carnegie Mellon University) in Pittsburgh. When not studying, he worked in local plays and nightclubs.[6]

In 1953, Gorshin was drafted into the United States Army and posted to Germany. He served for a year and a half as an entertainer attached to Special Services. While in the Army, Gorshin met Maurice Bergman, who later introduced him to Hollywood agent Paul Kohner. Frank Gorshin's entire Army service record was later destroyed in the U.S. National Personnel Records Center fire of 1973.


Gorshin performing with Lou Rawls in 1977

When Gorshin left the Army, he returned to public performance, and in 1956, he became a prolific film actor. He also appeared in various television series, including the role of Hank Butts, with Michael Landon cast as Jim Mason, in the 1958 episode "Shadow of Belle Starr" of the syndicated western series, Frontier Doctor, starring Rex Allen. In 1959, he was cast in three episodes as Seaman Pulaski on Jackie Cooper's CBS military sitcom/drama, Hennesey. Thereafter, Gorshin played parts in ABC's crime drama, The Untouchables. He guest-starred twelve times on CBS's The Ed Sullivan Show, the first having been on February 9, 1964, the same night that The Beatles and Davy Jones debuted.[7]

Gorshin was a popular act at nightclubs, notably those of Las Vegas, Nevada, where he was the first impressionist to headline the main showrooms.[6] He was also the first impressionist headliner at the Empire Room of New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.[6] Among his most popular impressions were of Burt Lancaster (exaggerating Lancaster's hand gestures) and Kirk Douglas (exaggerating Douglas' gritted teeth), as well as Marlon Brando (spoofing his squint).

Gorshin's slender athletic build, wide mouth, and pale eyes under strong brows were ideal characteristics for screen henchmen. In 1957, he fell asleep at the wheel of his car after driving from Pittsburgh for thirty-nine hours without sleep. He was on his way to a Hollywood screen test for the part of Officer Ruby in Run Silent, Run Deep. He sustained a fractured skull and spent four days in a coma; a Los Angeles newspaper incorrectly reported that he had been killed.[6] The role went to Don Rickles.[8]

Gorshin's first film role was Between Heaven and Hell. In the late 1950s Gorshin had roles in B-movies such as Hot Rod Girl (1956), Dragstrip Girl (1957) and Invasion of the Saucer Men (1957). In 1960, he was featured in Bells are Ringing, playing the Method Actor while doing a Marlon Brando impression. As a dramatic actor, he often played "tough guys" like those played by one of his favorite targets of impressions, James Cagney, whom he was said to resemble. He did take a comic turn, though, as the hipster jazz bassist Basil (paired with singer Connie Francis) in Where The Boys Are (1960), as a bumbling kidnaper in the Hayley Mills vehicle That Darn Cat! (1965), and as a boss-behind-bars for laughs in Otto Preminger's comedy Skidoo (1968).

In 1962, Gorshin was cast as Billy Roy Fix in the episode "The Fire Dancer" of the NBC modern western television series, Empire, starring Richard Egan as the rancher Jim Redigo.

He was nominated for an Emmy (Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Comedy) for his best remembered role as The Riddler in ABC's 1960s live action television series, Batman, starring Adam West. Gorshin's portrayal of the character included a high, deranged cackle, inspired by that of Tommy Udo (Richard Widmark) in Kiss of Death (1947). He played the Riddler in ten episodes of the series as well as the theatrical movie, although John Astin made one appearance in the role when Gorshin was unavailable. He reprised the role in the 1978 TV movie "Legends of the Super-Heroes".

Gorshin also had a memorable role in the 1969 Star Trek episode "Let That Be Your Last Battlefield" as the bigoted half-whiteface, half-blackface alien Bele. Contrary to popular rumor and articles[9][10][11] Gorshin was not Emmy nominated for this role.[12]

In the early 1970s Gorshin appeared on Broadway in Jimmy (1969) and Guys and Dolls (1971).

He made numerous guest-starring appearances on such television series as Ironside (1974), Hawaii Five-O (1974), Get Christie Love! (1975), Charlie's Angels (1977) and The New Adventures of Wonder Woman (1977). In 1979, he played interplanetary assassin Seton Kellogg in a two-part episode of the television series Buck Rogers in the 25th Century titled "Plot to Kill a City".

During the 1980s, he appeared as the villainous Mr. Wesker in the miniseries Goliath Awaits (1981), as the cantankerous King Gama in the opera Princess Ida (1982) as part of the PBS series The Compleat Gilbert and Sullivan. He played the role of Smiley Wilson on the ABC soap opera The Edge of Night (1981–82), where he used his impersonation talents to mimic other performers on the show. During this decade he also guest starred in episodes of shows like The Fall Guy (1984), Murder, She Wrote (1988), and Monsters (1989).

During the 1990s he featured as a mobster kingpin in The Meteor Man (1993), played the evil sorcerer Brother Septimus in The Tale of the Carved Stone episode of Are You Afraid of the Dark? (1993), voiced the character of Reverend Jack Cheese in an episode of The Ren and Stimpy Show (1995). Notably, he appeared in Terry Gilliam's 12 Monkeys (1995) as the gruff superior to Madeleine Stowe's psychiatrist.

In his final years, Gorshin portrayed comedian George Burns on Broadway in the one-man show Say Goodnight, Gracie (2002), which was nominated for a 2003 Tony Award for best play[13][14] and was reunited with several of his Batman colleagues in the TV movie Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt, in which he appeared as himself. Gorshin died on the day of the telefilm's DVD release. He played the strict legendary Harvard Law School Professor, John H. Keynes, in the Korean drama Love Story in Harvard (2004), voiced villain Hugo Strange in three 2005 episodes of The Batman animated series. He also voiced the characters Marius and Lysander in the computer role playing game Diablo II.

Final roles and death

Gorshin's last television appearance was in "Grave Danger", an episode of the CBS series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation which aired two days after his death; the episode, which was directed by Quentin Tarantino, was dedicated to his memory. While he was known for his impressions, his role on CSI was as himself.

Gorshin's final live appearance was a Memphis performance of Say Goodnight, Gracie. He finished his performance and boarded a plane for Los Angeles on April 25. After he experienced severe breathing difficulty during the flight, the attendants gave him an emergency oxygen mask. Upon landing, Gorshin was met by an ambulance which took him to the hospital, where he later died on May 17, 2005, at the age of 72 from lung cancer, emphysema, and pneumonia. Gorshin had been a heavy smoker for most of his adult life, consuming up to five packs of cigarettes a day. Adam West claimed that "Frank could reduce a cigarette to ash with one draw." When he did nightclub performances or live shows, audiences were warned not to attend if they disliked smoking.

He is interred at the Catholic Calvary Cemetery in the Hazelwood section of Pittsburgh.

Personal life

On April 8, 1957, Gorshin married Christina Randazzo. They had one son, Mitchell, and later separated but remained married until his death.[8]

New title Riddler Actor
Succeeded by
John Astin
Preceded by
John Astin
Riddler Actor
Succeeded by
Jim Carrey


  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents Ep#37 "The Decoy" (Autograph seeker) (1956)
  • The Proud and Profane (1956)
  • Hot Rod Girl (1956)
  • Between Heaven and Hell (1956)
  • Runaway Daughters (1956)
  • The True Story of Jesse James (1957)
  • Dragstrip Girl (1957)
  • The Delicate Delinquent (1957)
  • Invasion of the Saucer Men (1957)
  • Portland Expose (1957)
  • Tank Battalion (1958)
  • TV Series (1959)
  • Night of the Quarter Moon (1959)
  • Warlock (1959)
  • Bells are Ringing (1960)
  • Studs Lonigan (1960)
  • Where the Boys Are (1960)
  • The Great Imposter (1961)
  • Ring of Fire (1961)
  • The George Raft Story (1961)
  • Sail a Crooked Ship (1961)
  • The Untouchables "The Pea" (as Herbie Catcher) (1962)
  • TV series (1963)
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents "The Second Verdict" (1964)
  • Combat! (1965)
  • That Darn Cat! (1965)
  • Ride Beyond Vengeance (1966)
  • The Munsters (1966)
  • Batman (1966)
  • Skidoo (1968)
  • Star Trek (1969, Let That Be Your Last Battlefield)

  • The High Chaparral, "Stinky Flanagan" (1969)
  • Record City (1977)
  • Rudolph's Shiny New Year (1976)
  • Legends of the Superheroes (1978)
  • Goliath Awaits (1981)
  • Underground Aces (1981)
  • The Uppercrust (1981)
  • Princess Ida (1982) [as King Gama] recorded at Pinewood studios
  • Hot Resort (1985)
  • Uphill All the Way (1986)
  • Hollywood Vice Squad (1986)
  • The Gnomes' Great Adventure (1987) (voice)
  • Beverly Hills Bodysnatchers (1989)
  • Midnight (1989)
  • Sweet Justice (1992)
  • The Hollywood Beach Murders (1992)
  • Body Trouble (1992)
  • Amore! (1993)
  • The Meteor Man (1993)
  • Hail Caesar (1994)
  • The Big Story (1994) (short subject) (voice)
  • Mr. Payback: An Interactive Movie (1995) (Cameo)
  • 12 Monkeys (1995)
  • From Hare to Eternity (1996) (short subject) (voice)
  • Superior Duck (1996) (short subject) (voice)

  • Threshold (1997)
  • Bloodmoon (1997)
  • Better Than Ever (1997)
  • After the Game (1997)
  • Pullet Surprise (1997) (short subject) (voice)
  • Twilight of the Ice Nymphs (1997)
  • Guy Maddin: Waiting for Twilight (1997) (documentary)
  • The Rules (For Men) (1999)
  • The Art of Murder (1999)
  • All Shook Up (1999)
  • Man of the Century (1999)
  • Final Rinse (1999)
  • Game Day (1999)
  • Castlerock (2000)
  • Luck of the Draw (2000)
  • The Curio Trunk (2000) (short subject)
  • Black Scorpion Ep#1.8 "Crime Time" (Clockwise) (2001)
  • High Times' Potluck (2002)
  • Manna from Heaven (2002)
  • Mail Order Bride (2003)
  • Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt (2003)
  • The Creature of the Sunny Side Up Trailer Park (2004)
  • Love Story in Harvard (2004)
  • Angels with Angles (2005)
  • Firedog (2005) (voice)
  • Buckaro (2005) (judge)

Stage appearances

  • What Makes Sammy Run? playing Sammy Glick at Valley Music Theatre (Los Angeles) (1966)
  • Jimmy playing James J. Walker at Winter Garden Theatre (Broadway) (1969)
  • The Prisoner of Second Avenue playing Mel Edison at Parker Playhouse (Florida) (1973)
  • Whodunnit standing in as Andreas Capodistriou at Biltmore Theatre (Broadway) (1982)
  • On the Twentieth Century playing Oscar Jaffe on a tour of the United States (1986)
  • Ah, Wilderness! playing Nat Miller at American Heartland Theatre (Kansas City, Mo.) (1987)
  • Guys and Dolls as a performer in Las Vegas (1995)
  • The Sunshine Boys as Willie Clark on a tour of the United States (2001)
  • Say Goodnight, Gracie as George Burns at Helen Hayes Theatre (Broadway) (2002)


  • "I don't think of myself as being funny. But life takes strange turns." [People Magazine, January 1996][2]
  • "What does it all mean?" [His gravestone, 2005]


  • CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Season 5, Episodes 24 and 25: "Grave Danger" (May 19, 2005)

These two episodes are dedicated to Gorshin's memory because he died two days before the episodes aired in the United States.


  1. "Frank Gorshin Biography (1934-)". Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Star Files: Frank Gorshin". Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  3. "Obituary: Frank Gorshin". Daily Telegraph. 2005-05-19. Archived from the original on 2007-11-04. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  4. Ratko Martinović: Loš PR u dijaspori - Koje su svjetski poznate osobe podrijetlom Hrvati, a da to niste ni znali, 28. listopada 2012.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 Martin, Terry. "Official Frank Gorshin Website: Biography" (webpage). John Stacks Productions. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  7. Frank Gorshin on Ed Sullivan February 9, 1964 from Youtube
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Frank Gorshin". Retrieved 2010-06-17. 
  12. Frank Gorshin listing on Emmy's official website
  14. Buckley, Michael (2002-10-08). "A review of Gorshin as George Burns, 2002, with photograph". Retrieved 2010-06-17. 

External links

Video performances

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