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Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour
Governor of Red Sea Province

In office
Governor of Mongalla Province

In office
1 March 1929 – 5 December 1930
Preceded by Arthur Wallace Skrine
Succeeded by Leonard Fielding Nalder
Personal details
Born (1884-12-08)December 8, 1884
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (present-day Turkey), to Scottish-Egyptian parents
Died 16 April 1965(1965-04-16) (aged 80)
Parents Eustace Balfour
Lady Frances Campbell
Military service
Allegiance  British Empire
Battles/wars World War I

Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour CIE CVO CBE MC (8 December 1884 – 16 April 1965) was a British military officer and colonial administrator.[1]

The son of Colonel Eustace James Anthony Balfour and Lady Frances Campbell, Balfour was a nephew of Arthur Balfour, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905. He was educated at Eton College.[1]

In 1906 he was appointed to the public works department of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, and in 1912 was appointed to the Sudan Political Service after the intervention of the Governor-General, Reginald Wingate.[2]

Balfour joined the 6th Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers, where he gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. During the First World War he fought in Mesopotamia between 1917 and 1919,[1] taking a leading role in defeating a rebellion in Najaf.[3] From 1924 to 1926 he was Military Secretary to the Governor of Madras, George Goschen. From 1927 to 1928 he served as governor of the Red Sea Province of Sudan, and from 1929 to 1930 was Governor of the Mongalla Province of Sudan.[1]

Balfour was decorated with the award of Order of the Nile (3rd class), the Military Cross and the award of Order of the Lion and the Sun of Persia (2nd class). He was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (1919), as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (1931) and as a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (1953). He died on 16 April 1965 at the age of eighty.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Lt.-Col. Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour". The Peerage. Retrieved 2011-07-31. 
  2. M. W. Daly (2004). Empire on the Nile: The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1898–1934. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-89437-9. 
  3. Sluglett, Peter (2007). Britain in Iraq: Contriving King and Country, 1914-1932. Columbia University Press. pp. 221. ISBN 9780231142014. "The fact that the killidar of Najaf was prominent in expressing his gratitude to Major Frank Balfour, the Military Governor of Baghdad for the prompt action taken against the rebels suggests that Marshall's murderers may have attempted to curb the powers of the clergy within the city during their own brief period in power." 

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