Military Wiki

Early photograph of Fort Stanton.

Fort Stanton (built 1855) was a U.S. military fort built in New Mexico in the United States.[1] It was established to protect settlements along the Rio Bonito in the Apache Wars. Kit Carson, John "Black Jack" Pershing, Billy the Kid, and Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th Cavalry all lived here.[2][3][4][5]

Confederate forces occupied the outpost in the beginning of the American Civil War after the post was abandoned with the withdrawal of U.S. forces in the region.[6]

The Fort was originally established in part as the Mescalero Apache reservation. In 1873 the reservation was moved 30 miles southwest and that location remains the current reservation.

Fort Stanton property became America's first federal tuberculosis hospital.[7][8] In World War II it interned both German and Japanese.[9] In 2008, New Mexico governor Bill Richardson announced plans to establish Fort Stanton as a living history venue, Fort Stanton State Monument, and funds to renovate headquarters, officers quarters, and stables.[10]

In 2009, the area around Fort Stanton and Fort Stanton Cave was designated by the U.S. Congress as a National Conservation Area (NCA), with more than 25,000 acres in order to protect a unique cave resource, Snowy River Passage in Fort Stanton Cave National Natural Landmark. Snowy River was discovered in 2001 by members of the Fort Stanton Cave Study Project. The new NCA, called Fort Stanton – Snowy River Cave, is managed by the Bureau of Land Management, Roswell Field Office. The NCA has over 90 miles of multi-use trails for horseback riding, mountain bike riding and hiking. It is the venue of an annual endurance riding event that has grown to be 6 days long. The NCA is joined on its south and northeast boundaries by the Smokey Bear Ranger District of the Lincoln National Forest.

In 2012, members of the Southwestern Region of the National Speleological Society completed a restoration project on the second floor balcony of Building #9, located on the Fort Stanton Quadrangle.

See also[]


  1. Garland, John (1856). "Reports From The Department Of New Mexico To The Secretary Of War (May 31, 1855, Jno Garland)". Washington DC: A.O.P. Nicholson. pp. 70–71. Retrieved May 2, 2012. 
  2. Sabin, Edwin L. (1914). Kit Carson Days (1809-1868). Chicago IL: A. C. McClurg & Co.. pp. 413–417. 
  3. MacAdam, George (January 1919). "The Life of General Pershing". New York, NY: Doubleday, Page & Co.. pp. 281–293. Retrieved May 2, 2012. 
  4. Garrett, Pat Floyd (1882). The Authentic Life Of Billy, The Kid (on Wikipedia). Santa Fe, NM: New Mexican Printing and Publishing Co.. 
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Military Affairs (1874). Proposed Reduction Of The Military Establishment. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. pp. 7–8. 
  6. "The Confederate Invasion Of New Mexico: 1861-62". Santa Fe NM: Old Santa Fe Press. January 1916. pp. 5–43. Retrieved May 2, 2012. 
  7. "National Care of Consumptives". April 25 1899. pp. 294–295. Retrieved May 2, 2012. 
  8. "Government Sanatoria In New Mexico". Minneapolis MN. December 1899. pp. 377. Retrieved April 29, 2012. 
  9. "Interns At New Camp". March 18, 1941. pp. 8. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  10. "Governor Richardson Announces Fort Stanton Renovations" (PDF). Press Release, May 9, 2008.


World War II Internment Center[]

External links[]

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