|Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914|
|Type||Medium machine gun|
|Place of origin||Kingdom of Italy|
|Used by||Kingdom of Italy, Austria-Hungary|
|Wars||World War I|
Second Italo-Abyssinian War
World War II
|Weight||17 kg gun (without water) + 22.4 kg tripod|
|Barrel length||654 mm|
|Rate of fire||400-500 rpm|
|Feed system||50-round magazine|
The Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914 was an Italian water-cooled medium machine gun produced from 1914 to 1918. It was the standard machine-gun of the Italian Army in the First World War, and was used in limited numbers into the Second World War.
Developed from the Perino Model 1908, it was very similar to the Maxim in appearance (in fact it had the same air-cooling jacket and tripod), even though its internal workings were completely different.
Some sources claim that it had a cartridge-oiling system (like the ones featuring in discussed weapons like the Breda 30), but the weapon manual does not mention its presence, and it seems that only a 1930 version briefly incorporating such a system. It was fed from a 50-round integral magazine divided in ten compartments, each fed from a rifle clip, an arrangement that made it rather slow to reload, prone to malfunction and very uncomfortable in sustained-fire role because of this magazine arrangement.
It was chambered for the 6.5×52mm Mannlicher–Carcano, which eased logistics (as it was the same cartridge of the Carcano rifle) but made it somewhat underpowered compared to higher-calibre weapons, weighed 17 kg (37 lb) (the tripod weighed 21.5 kg (47 lb)) and had a firing rate of 400-500 rpm (rounds-per-minute), rather low for this type of machine gun.
An interesting feature was the presence of select-fire, which allowed for the choice between single shot, "normal" fire and full automatic fire.
It was developed into the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1935.
- Big set N°20 "armi della fanteria" (infantry weapons) by John Weeks
- Robert G. Segel (10 January 2012) "FIAT Revelli Modelo 1914", Small Arms Defense Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2
- Manual (in Italian)
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