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Fetislyam "Fetay" Abilovich Abilov
Anatoly Abilovich Abilov
Native name Crimean Tatar: Fetislâm Abil oğlu Abilov
Russian: Анатолий Абилович Абилов
Born 15 March 1915
Died 15 August 2005
Place of birth Dzhadra-Sheikh-Eli village, Taurida Governorate, Crimea
Place of death Zhukovsky, Russia
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1937 – 1947
Rank Polkovnik
Unit 130th Guards Rifle Regiment
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union

Fetislyam "Petay" Abilovich Abilov (15 March 1915 – 15 August 2005), who lived under the name Anatoly for most of his life, served as the commander of the 130th Guards Rifle Regiment during the Second World War. He was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in 1990 after being nominated twice during the war years but rejected because of his Crimean Tatar nationality.

Early life

Abilov was born in 1915 to a Crimean Tatar peasant family in the village of Dzhadra-Sheikh-Eli on the Crimean peninsula, then part of the Russian Empire. After completing seven grades of school he worked in metallurgy and as a tractor driver on a state-owned farm until entering the Red Army in 1937. In 1939 he completed infantry school in Tbilisi, and in 1942 he became a member of the Communist party.[1]

World War II

Abilov was sent to the front lines of World War II in July 1941 while holding the rank of captain as the deputy commander of a rifle battalion, immediately after the German invasion of the Soviet Union. In September 1942 he was appointed as commander of the 1292nd Rifle Regiment, and remained its commander until 8 June 1943. That year he completed accelerated courses at the M.V. Frunze Military Academy, after which he was assigned as commander of the 130th Guards Rifle Regiment. Under his command the regiment broke through enemy defenses on the Narew River and went on to hold a bridgehead from which they inflicted a high degree of damage against enemy forces; killed an estimated 600 enemy soldiers and captured 150 enemy horses in Baranavichy on 8 July 1944; pursued retreating German troops across Eastern and Central Europe, taking enemy equipment in the process; expelled Axis forces from more than 70 settlements in offensive with two other regiments from the division; and broke through heavily fortified areas covered by minefields and trenches. He was wounded in battle three times but survived the war, and he was nominated for the title Hero of the Soviet Union twice during the war (in 1944 and in 1945) but was not awarded it at the time.[1][2]

Later life

In 1947 he was demobilized from active duty and discharged into the reserve. Unlike most Crimean Tatar veterans of the war, Abilov was not deported to Central Asia, as he was living under the Russian name of Anatoly. In 1964 he became the chief of staff and deputy director at the experiment engineering and civil defense plant of Zhukovsky. He was a member of the presidium of the council of veterans, and on 5 May 1990 he was belatedly declared a Hero of the Soviet Union. He passed away on 15 August 2005 and was buried in the Bykovsky cemetery.[3]

Awards

References

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