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Fernando Barrón y Ortíz
Born 1892
Died 1952 (aged 59–60)
Allegiance  Nationalist Spain
Rank Colonel, later General
Battles/wars

Fernando Barrón y Ortiz (1892–1952). Spanish military officer. One of the five commanders of the natives troops in Africa, he supported the military coup of July 1936 which started the Spanish Civil War.[1] Later, he was one of the commanders of the Spanish Army of Africa in its advance towards Madrid.[2] In November 1936 led the nationalist attack against the Madrid’s suburb of Carabanchel.[3][4] In December 1936 he led one of General Varela’s mobile columns in the Second battle of the Corunna Road.[5] In January 1937 he led a brigade in the Battle of Jarama.[6] In May 1937, he took part in the nationalist counteroffensive during the Segovia Offensive.[7] In June 1937, he led the 13th division in the Battle of Brunete in August in the Battle of Belchite and in March 1938 in the Battle of Caspe.[8] During the Battle of the Ebro he led the Nationalist defense of the town of Gandesa.[9] After the war, he was a minister of the Francoist dictatorship.[10]

Notes

  1. Thomas, Hugh. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books, 2006. p.213
  2. Thomas, Hugh. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. p.358
  3. Thomas, Hugh. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books, 2006. p.459
  4. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.177
  5. Thomas, Hugh. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books, 2006. p.474 and 478
  6. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.209-212
  7. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.276
  8. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.299
  9. Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.350-352
  10. Thomas, Hugh. (2006). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books, 2006. p.921

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