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Military ranks in the late Ottoman period
Navy
(1909-1916)[1]
Navy
(1916-)[1]
Army
Officers
Müşir Amiral Pasha Müşir Amiral Müşir
Birinci Ferik Amiral Pasha Birinci Ferik Amiral Birinci Ferik
Ferik Amiral Pasha Ferik Amiral Ferik
Liva Amiral Pasha Liva Amiral Mirliva
Komodor
Kalyon Kaptanı Miralay Miralay
Fırkateyn Kaptanı Fırkateyn Kaptanı Kaymakam
Korvet Kaptanı Korvet Kaptanı Binbaşı
Birinci Sınıf Yüzbaşı Kıdemli Yüzbaşı Kolağası
Yüzbaşı Yüzbaşı Yüzbaşı
Mülâzım-ı evvel Mülazım Mülâzım-ı evvel
Mülâzım-ı sani Mülâzım-ı sani
Mühendis Mühendis

Ferik was a military rank of the Ottoman Army. It is translated as Major General (modern Turkish: Tümgeneral) or Lieutenant General (Korgeneral).[2] It was superior to a Mirliva ("Brigadier") and junior to a Birinci Ferik ("First Ferik/General").

The title of Ferik was abolished with Act No. 2590 of 26 November 1934 on the Abolition of Titles and Appellations such as Efendi, Bey or Pasha.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Türk Denizci Kıyafet ve Unvanları (1390-1923), official site of the Turkish Navy (Turkish)
  2. Ferik, Turkish Language Association

See also

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