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Infante Ferdinand
Duke of Viseu and Beja
Personal details
Born (1433-11-17)November 17, 1433
Almeirim
Died September 18, 1470(1470-09-18) (aged 36)
Setúbal
Spouse(s) Beatrice of Portugal

Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu and Beja (or Fernando, Portuguese pronunciation: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃du], 1433 – 1470) was the third son of the Portuguese King Edward of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.

Biography[]

Ferdinand was born in Almeirim on 17 November 1433, and died in Setúbal on 18 September 1470.

He was twice sworn Prince of Portugal (title granted to the presumptive heir to the throne): first between 1438 and 1451, once his older brother became king Afonso V of Portugal and had no children; and for the second time, in 1451, when Prince João was born, but died months later.

When Afonso V's first daughter, Princess Joan, was born (1452), Infante Ferdinand finally lost this title.

In 1452, Ferdinand fled the country looking for adventure. Some say he wanted to go to the north African cities controlled by the Portuguese; others say that he wanted to join his uncle, the King Alfonso I of Naples, in his campaigns in southern Italy. It seems Ferdinand had the hope to inherit his uncle’s kingdom, as he had no legitimate children.

The Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu and Beja.

However, his brother, King Afonso V of Portugal, as soon as he knew about Ferdinand’s escape, ordered to the Count of Odemira, which was patrolling the strait of Gibraltar with a fleet, to intercept the infante ship and bring him back to mainland Portugal.

Duke of Beja and Viseu[]

In 1453, his brother, King Afonso V of Portugal granted him the title of 1st Duke of Beja.

When his uncle, Prince Henry the Navigator died, in 1460, he also become 2nd Duke of Viseu as well. He also succeeded his uncle as Master of the Order of Aviz and responsible for the Discoveries (1460–1470).

He was finally allowed to fight in north Africa: first in 1458 he escorted the king to the conquest of the Moroccan city of Alcácer Ceguer; and for a second time, in 1468, he led a Portuguese fleet that conquered and destroyed the port of Anfa (Anafé in Portuguese), today included in Casablanca, which was a barbary corsairs base.

He was buried in the Religiosas da Conceição monastery, in Beja, founded by his wife.

Marriage and children[]

He married his cousin Beatrice of Portugal (Portuguese: Beatriz) in 1447, daughter of Infante João, Lord of Reguengos (his uncle). From this marriage, Ferdinand had nine children:

  • Infante John (1448–1472), 3rd Duke of Viseu, 2nd Duke of Beja, 7th Constable of Portugal.
  • Infante Diogo (1450–1484), 4th Duke of Viseu, 3rd Duke of Beja;
  • Infante Duarte of Viseu, died in childhood;
  • Infante Dinis of Viseu, died in childhood;
  • Infante Simão of Viseu, died in childhood;
  • Infanta Eleanor of Viseu (1458–1525), married to King John II of Portugal, becoming Queen of Portugal;
  • Infanta Isabella of Viseu (1459–1521), married to Ferdinand II, Duke of Braganza;
  • Infante Manuel, 5th Duke of Viseu, 4th Duke of Beja. Became King of Portugal, as Manuel I, following his cousin's (John II) death;
  • Infanta Catarina of Viseu, died in childhood.

Ancestry[]

See also[]

  • Duke of Beja
  • Duke of Viseu
  • List of Portuguese Dukedoms

Bibliography[]

”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. I, pages 311 and 312. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.

External links[]

Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu
House of Aviz
Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
Born: 17 November 1433 Died: ? 1470
Preceded by
Afonso (become Afonso V)
Prince of Portugal
1438–1451
Succeeded by
John
Preceded by
John
Prince of Portugal
1451–1452
Succeeded by
Joan
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
New Title
Duke of Beja
1453–1470
Succeeded by
John of Viseu, 2nd Duke of Beja
Preceded by
Henry, the Navigator
Duke of Viseu
1460–1470
Succeeded by
John, 3rd Duke of Viseu

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