Military Wiki
Role Reconnaissance / Light Bomber
Manufacturer Farman Aviation Works
Designer Maurice Farman
First flight Late 1913
Introduction May 1914
Primary users French Air Force
Royal Flying Corps

The Maurice Farman MF.11 Shorthorn is a French reconnaissance and light bomber biplane developed during World War I by the Farman Aviation Works.

Design and development

It was essentially a Farman MF.7 with a more powerful engine, and a more robust and aerodynamic fuselage, which was raised above the lower wing on struts. The aircraft was also fitted with a machine gun for the observer, whose position was changed from the rear seat to the front in order to give a clear field of fire.

Its name derived from that of the MF.7 Longhorn, as it lacked the characteristic front-mounted elevator and elongated skids of its predecessor.

Operational history

Farman F11-A2 of the Belgian Air Force displayed in the Brussels War Museum in July 1965

The MF.11 served in both the British and French air services on the Western Front in the early stages of the war. As a light bomber it flew the first bombing raid of the war when on 21 December 1914 an MF.11 of the Royal Naval Air Service attacked German artillery positions around Ostend, Belgium.

The MF.11 was withdrawn from front-line service on the Western Front in 1915, but continued to be used by the French in Macedonia and the Middle East, while the British also used it in the Dardanelles, and Africa. The Australian Flying Corps (AFC), provided with the MF.11 by the British Indian Army, operated it during the Mesopotamian campaign of 1915–16.

Italy's Società Italiana Aviazione, a Fiat company, licence-built a number of MF.11s under the designation SIA 5 from early 1915, fitted with a fixed forward machine gun and a 74.5 kW (100 hp) Fiat A.10 engine.[1]

In 1916, then AFC also bought some MF.11s for training purposes.


 Saudi Arabia
Two Farman MF.11s were obtained from Italy in 1921.
One aircraft only.
 United Kingdom


  • The Canada Aviation Museum has an MF.11 manufactured by Airco for the Royal Flying Corps and sent to Australia in 1916.
  • Farman F.11A-2, Royal Army and Military History Museum, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Farman MF.11 Shorthorn (#CFS-15), RAAF Museum at Point Cook, Victoria, Australia.

Specifications (MF.11)

Data from Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two (pilot & observer/gunner)
  • Length: 9.45 m (31 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.15 m (53 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 3.18 m (10 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 57.00 m² (613 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 550 kg (1,210 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 928 kg (2,045 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 8-cylinder air-cooled inline engine, 75 kW (100 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 106 km/h (57 knots, 66 mph) at sea level
  • Service ceiling: 3,800 m (12,467 ft)
  • Endurance: 3.75 hours


  • Guns: 1 × 7.62 mm (0.30 in) machine gun
  • Bombs: 18 × 7.3 kg (16 lb) bombs

See also


  1. Taylor, Michael J H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. pg 805. Portland House, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8
  2. Jackson, Robert, The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, Paragon, 2002. ISBN 0-7525-8130-9

External links

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