|Fallujah killings of April 2003|
|Date||April 28–30, 2003|
|Deaths||20 local residents|
70+ local residents|
3 U.S. Army soldiers
|Perpetrators||U.S. 82nd Airborne Division, U.S. 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment|
|Motive||Soldiers claimed to be under attack by the crowd|
The Fallujah killings of April 2003 began when United States Army soldiers from the American 1st Battalion, 325th Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division fired into a crowd of Iraqi civilians who were protesting their presence at a school within the city of Fallujah. The soldiers claimed they were receiving fire from the crowd, whereas the civilians said they were shot at first. Human Rights Watch, which inspected the place after the incident, found no physical evidence of shots fired at the building where US forces were hiding.
On the evening of April 28, 2003, several hundred civilians ignored a curfew imposed on them by the U.S. military. They proceeded to march through the streets of Fallujah, past the soldiers positioned in the Ba'ath party headquarters. They wished to protest outside a local school about the United States military presence within. A U.S. Army Psychological Operations team attempted to force the civilians to disperse with announcements, but the team failed in this attempt. According to locals, at this point the United States soldiers fired upon the unarmed crowd, killing 17 and wounding more than 70 of the protesters. The U.S. suffered no casualties from the incident. According to the soldiers on the ground, the 82nd Airborne soldiers inside the school responded to "effective fire" from inside the protesting crowd. Human Rights Watch found no evidence that the US forced had come under attack and it concluded that the US forces, far from shooting with precision, shot at Iraqis indiscriminately. Two days later, on April 30, the 82nd Airborne was replaced in the city by 2nd Troop (Fox) / U.S. 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment. The 3rd Cavalry was significantly smaller in number and chose not to occupy the same schoolhouse where the shooting had occurred two days earlier.
However, on the same day three more unarmed civilians were killed by United States soldiers during a daytime protest in front of the Ba'ath party headquarters and mayor's office (which are adjacent to one another; known collectively to U.S. forces as FOB Laurie). Once again, the U.S. suffered no casualties from the incident but some U.S. soldiers were hurt in a retaliatory grenade attack on the Ba'ath headquarters later that evening. 
The incident is frequently cited and compared to other similar incidents. Foreign Policy compared Fallujah to the 2010 Israeli Gaza flotilla raid during which Israeli naval commandos used lethal force to kill nine unarmed activists, some shot when they had their backs turned to the Israeli soldiers.
- Rules of Engagement, a 1998 film displaying a similar incident, albeit of U.S. Marines under perceived attack from a supposedly hostile crowd
- Iraq: U.S. Should Investigate al-Falluja (Report). Human Rights Watch. JUNE 17, 2003. http://www.hrw.org/news/2003/06/16/iraq-us-should-investigate-al-falluja. Retrieved September 1, 2013. "The 18-page report... challenges the U.S. military's assertion that its troops came under direct fire from individuals in the crowd of protesters on April 28. Human Rights Watch found no conclusive evidence of bullet damage on the school where the soldiers were based. In contrast, buildings facing the school had extensive multi-caliber bullet impacts that were inconsistent with U.S. assertions that soldiers had responded with "precision fire.""
- Blair, Edmund (April 29 2003). "Anger Mounts After U.S. Troops Kill 13 Iraqi Protesters". Common Dreams News Center. http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/0429-01.htm. Retrieved 2006-05-15.
- "Falluja: City with history of rebellion". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. December 23, 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3235213.stm. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "Fallujah". GlobalSecurity. 2003. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/fallujah.htm. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "Guilty Until Proven Guilty". Foreign Policy. June 9, 2010. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/06/09/guilty_until_proven_guilty. "The odds are that you have never beaten your breast or searched your soul over this incident in Fallujah. In fact, you have likely never even heard of this incident. And the odds are that you have never heard of the tens if not hundreds of incidents like it, in which civilians have been killed as U.S. soldiers fought in Iraq and Afghanistan over the past decade. But the odds are overwhelming that you have heard -- repeatedly -- of an Israeli operation last week aboard a Gaza-bound ship in the Mediterranean."
- Human Rights Watch: IV. April 28 School Protest and Shooting
- Pictures of the massacre at Fallujah, Iraq 30 April 2003
- Iraqi rage grows after Fallujah massacre
- Violent Response: The U.S. Army in Al-Falluja
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