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The Portuguese fort at Calicut.

The fall of Calicut occurred in 1526, when the Zamorin, the local Indian ruler, captured the fort of Calicut from the Portuguese.[1]

The Portuguese had had plans for establishing a fort at Calicut since 1500, when Pedro Álvares Cabral received this mission.[1] The fort was finally completed in 1513, on the spot of an earlier "Serame", after a peace treaty was signed between the king of Portugal and the Zamorin.[1] Hostilities were triggered when Duarte de Menezes attacked and destroyed a fleet of the Zamorin at Ponnani on 26 March 1525.[1]

In reprisal, the Zamorin attacked the fort of Calicut on 3 June 1526.[1] There were 300 Portuguese defenders in the fort, under João de Lima.[1] Reinforcements came from Goa on 20 September, with the intent of embarking the defenders and attacking the troops of the Zamorin.[1]

Faced with the continuous hostility of the Zamorin however, the Portuguese decided to abandon and partly destroy the fort, which was then captured by the Zamorin.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 History of the Portuguese navigation in India, 1497-1600 by K. M. Mathew p.165ff [1]

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