|Place of origin||Iran|
|Used by|| Iran |
|Wars||2006 Lebanon War|
|Manufacturer||Shahid Bagheri Industrial Group (SBIG), Sanam Industrial Group (Department 140), Defense Industries Organization|
|Produced||November 6, 1996|
|Variants||Known were chassis variants including Mercedes and Isuzu truck chassis|
|Weight||15,000 kg (System)|
45 kg (HE Content)
90 kg (Warhead)
407 kg (Rocket)
|Length||10.45 m (Launcher) |
5,200 mm (Rocket)
|Width||2.54 m (Launcher)|
|Height||3.34 m (Launcher)|
|Elevation||0 to 57 degrees|
|Traverse||90 degrees left/100 degrees right|
|Rate of fire||4-8 seconds|
|Maximum range||43 km|
The Fajr-3 Artillery Rocket (Persian: فجر-۳) is an Iranian multiple-launch artillery rocket, a third-generation Katyusha rocket. Fajr means 'dawn' in Arabic.
The 5.2-meter long, 240 millimeter-calibre Fajr-3 artillery rocket has an estimated range of 45 kilometres or 25–30 miles, weighs 407 kilograms, and carries a 45-kilogram warhead.
Production started on March 1990 by Shahid Bagheri Industries with possible North Korean assistance when Iranian Defense Minister Akbar Torkan announced that mass production of the Fajr-3 was taking place. Mass production was completed with the few first Fajr-3s made on November 6, 1996.
Its launcher has 12 tubes.
The rockets are used by Iranian Army as a regular artillery. They may also have been supplied to the Hezbollah militia in Lebanon under the name Khaibar-1, They may therefore have been used on a number of occasions in the 2006 Lebanon War.
- Shahid Hemmat Industrial Group. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
- FAJDR series. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
- Fajr-3 & Fajr-5 brochure. Retrieved on May 13, 2008.
- "In the late 1980s, the North Korean-produced 240 mm M-1985 multiple rocket launcher (MRL) was exported to Iran and subsequently produced under license (with minor changes) by Shahid Bagheri Industries as the Fajr-3 (a.k.a., Fadjr-3)." Vital Perspective (2006), "Military Briefing on Hezbollah's Missile Capabilities: Examining the Fajr, Zelzal". URL accessed 2006-08-02.
- "Fajr-3 has the same caliber, range and warhead weight as three known North Korean systems." GlobalSecurity.org (2006), "Iranian Artillery Rockets". URL accessed 2006-08-02.
- FADJR-3. Retrieved on May 12, 2008
- Vital Perspective: North Korea. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
- Missile Chronology, 1996. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
- Iran Military pictures and video
- Iran Profile: Missile Capabilities—Long-Range Artillery Rocket Programs at NTI
- Iran tests its war technology, AAP report at globalsecurity.org
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