Military Wiki
Advertisement
European Air Transport Command
Coat of arms of the European Air Transport Command.svg
Coat of arms
Active since 1 July 2010
(predecessor founded September 2001)
Country Belgium
France
Germany
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Type Military Air Transport
Role multinational command center
Size 160–200
Part of subordinate to Multinational Air Transport Committee
Garrison/HQ Eindhoven Airbase
Motto(s) Integrated, Innovative, Efficient
Engagements 2011 military intervention in Libya
2012 intervention in Mali
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Pascal Valentin (France)

The European Air Transport Command (EATC) is a command centre that directs the use of most military fixed wing air transport assets owned by the three Benelux countries, France and Germany. Located at Eindhoven Airbase in the Netherlands,[1] it aims to provide a more efficient use of the air transport capacities by means of pooling the various assets, and thereby making them available to the participating nations.

It is in the European Defence Agency's "category A" for defence programmes between member states.[2]

History

Franco-German initiative

In 1999 France and Germany started a politico-military initiative to “prepare the establishment of a European Air Transport Command”. A report made by the presidency of the European Union the meeting of the European Council in Helsinki the same year, mentions the expressed will of the Union's member states to develop collective coals for rapid capability, including in the area of strategic transport. This was to be achieved voluntarily, to better co-ordinate national and international efforts for the carrying-out of the full range of so-called Petersberg tasks.

A study conducted conducted by the European Air Group (EAG) in 2000 came to the conclusion, that it would be beneficial to co-ordinate the international military airlift requirements and the means to meet them between the EAG nations to exploit all possible synergies. It finally recommended to establish a permanent co-ordination element managing the airlift co-ordination needs of nations in an evolutionary approach by smoothly transferring competencies from existing national structures. This multinational management structure should be developed step by step from purely co-ordination to a combined entity with full command authority.

Airlift Coordination Cell

The member states of the EAG decided in June 2001 to establish the European Airlift Coordination Cell (EACC) as a first step on this way with the objective to improve the efficiency by identifying spare military airlift capacities and sharing this information with interested nations as offer for additional opportunities. The idea was to improve the utilisation of European military air transport and aerial refueling capabilities and hereby gaining synergetic effects. This entity proved its success as the savings exceeded the operating costs of this cell in the first year.[3]

Airlift Centre

Consequently, as a next step EACC member Nations decided in June 2003 to further develop this cell by increasing the mission scope and responsibility. The European Airlift Centre (EAC) was established, which indeed on paper received an increased responsibility over the planning of air transport requests and additionally in the field of harmonisation of air transport related regulations. However the political will to transfer adequate levels of authority towards the EAC to fulfil these additional tasks was not strong enough.[4] Therefore France and Germany agreed on the next step expressing their aspiration for the creation of a multinational air transport command. On the seventh Franco-German Ministerial Council on 12 October 2006 it was decided to create a common strategic command for airlifts. Other member states of the EAC (Belgium, Spain, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands and Norway) were invited to join. Belgium and Netherlands did so by signing a note of accession. In May 2007 the chiefs of defence staffs of the four participating nations approved the EATC concept which set the framework for the working process as well as the defined levels of responsibilities and gave the stimulus for further negotiations for the implementation of this new headquarter.[5] A international implementation team based in Beauvechain (Belgium) facilitated the final decision to locate the command in Eindhoven, as well as in getting the Technical Arrangement as the interim legal framework signed by the nations in summer 2010.

Establishment

The European Air Transport command was officially established on 1 July 2010. On 1 September 2010 the inauguration took place at Eindhoven, in the presence of political and military leaders of the four participating nations; France, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. 22 November 2012, Luxembourg acceded to the EATC, and it is expected that Spain will follow suit.[6]

Participating nations

  Members
  Candidates

  • Royal Arms of Belgium.svg Belgium
  • Arms of France (UN variant).svg France
  • Coat of arms of Germany.svg Germany
  • Arms of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg
  • Arms of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands

The following countries have signalled their interest in joining the EATC:[7][8]

Commander

The command is rotating every two years between France and Germany.[9]

List of Commanders[9]
# Name Country Took office Left office
1 Major General Jochen Both Germany July 2010 July 2012
2 Major General Pascal Valentin France July 2012
List of Deputy Commanders[9]
# Name Country Took office Left office
1 Brigadier General Alain Rouceau France July 2010 July 2012
2 Brigadier General Joerg Lebert Germany July 2012

Mission

EATC Peacetime Establishment

On 1 September 2010 the EATC took over the operational control of most of the participating nation's military cargo aircraft (excluding helicopters) of which the existing fleet of Transall C-160 and Lockheed C-130 Hercules form the largest part. In the future all Airbus A400M shall be put under the command of the EATC (beginning with the official delivery to the nations). A strong motivation for the establishment of the EATC was the limited availability of assets and the operational necessity to co-operate very closely. The A400M is considerably delayed while the inclusion of European troops in combat missions has increased over the years including many overseas missions.

Germany reorganises its Lufttransportkommando (LTKdo) in Münster – the aircraft personnel will be assigned back to the Luftwaffendivision air combat groups and the LTKdo command center itself will retire on 31 December 2010. The EATC takes over authority on 15 October 2010 after being implemented on 1 September 2010. 65 members of the LTKdo have been moved to Eindhoven and Major General Jochen Both takes over the command of the EATC coordination center which has a total staff of 200 members.[10] The command is supposed to switch to a French air force general after two years.

Fleet

As of 23. November 2011 the assigned fleet consists of[11]

Country Aircraft Active Retained  –   Aircraft Not shared
Belgium A330 1 0 Falcon 900/20 3
C130 1 0 ERJ 145/135 4
Netherlands KDC-10 2 0
G-4 1 0
C-130 2 0
F-50 2 0
France A340 1 1 KC-135 14
A310 2 1 A330 1
C-130 8 6 Falcon 6
C-160 28 20
CN-235 11 8
Germany A310 4 1 A340 2
C-160 43 1 A310 VIP 2
C-160 ESS 16 8 A319 2
CL-601 4
Total: 131 47

Coat of arms

Arms of E
Adopted
2010
Escutcheon
Based on the given description,[12] the blazon is: Argent, a terrestrial globe Azure encircled by twelve mullets Or and charged in pale with the letters "EATC" Or and a bridge Argent.
Symbolism
Blue is the main colour of the European Flag, and represents the sky, which is the general domain of air forces. The bridge symbolises the creation of connections and the overcoming of gaps and distances, and is something which can be used to reach far shores quickly and safely which is the core business of military air transport. The lettering is the abbreviation of the command. The globe expresses the global reach of air bridges. The 12 mullets are also drawn from the European Flag, and are considered a symbol of completeness and perfection.[12]

See also

References

  1. Eindhoven regelt internationale militaire luchtvaart (Dutch)
  2. http://www.eda.europa.eu/migrate-pages/Howwedo/categories
  3. "p. 37" (PDF). http://www.europeansecurityanddefence.info/Ausgaben/2011/01_2011/07_Wilmers_John/Wilmers_John.pdf. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  4. "p. 37". http://www.europeansecurityanddefence.info/Ausgaben/2011/01_2011/07_Wilmers_John/Wilmers_John.pdf;. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  5. "p. 38". http://www.europeansecurityanddefence.info/Ausgaben/2011/01_2011/07_Wilmers_John/Wilmers_John.pdf;. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  6. http://eatc-mil.com/45/Articles/News%20&%20Press%20updates/43/Luxembourg+joined+the+EATC
  7. [1]
  8. http://eatc-mil.com/45/Articles/News%20&%20Press%20updates/153/Italian+Air+Force+about+to+join+EATC
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "EATC Change of Command". 2012-07-12. http://eatc-mil.com/45/News-Archive/News+%26+Press+updates/21/EATC+Change+of+Command+. Retrieved 2013-04-04. "The change of command from German Major General Jochen Both to French Major General Pascal Valentin is being done – on command of the Dutch Air Force Commander and Chairman of the Multinational Air Transport Committee (MATraC), Lieutenant General Alexander Schnitger. [..] The positions either of Commander and Chief of staff rotate as planned every two years between Germany and France" 
  10. "Europe's Air Transport Command Agreements". Defenseindustrydaily.com. 21 November 2011. http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/european-air-transport-command-agreement-signed-03326/. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  11. Major General Jochen Both (29 November 2011). "EATC an example for Pooling and Sharring". European Parliament Subcommittee on Security and Defence. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/document/activities/cont/201112/20111215ATT34317/20111215ATT34317EN.pdf. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 http://eatc-mil.com/25/Coat-of-arms

Coordinates: 51°27′00″N 005°22′28″E / 51.45°N 5.37444°E / 51.45; 5.37444

External links

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Advertisement