|Type||Rapid reaction force|
|Part of||Common Security and Defence Policy|
European Rapid Operational Force (Eurofor) is a multinational rapid reaction force composed of forces from four states of the European Union: France, Italy, Portugal and Spain as part of a Battlegroup of the European Union. It has a permanent staff capable of commanding operations, involving commitments of up to a Light Division in size. Eurofor was formed in 1995, and was answerable to the Western European Union (WEU) directly. It is tasked with performing the so-called Petersberg tasks, including humanitarian, peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions. With the merger of several WEU elements into the European Union, Eurofor has by and large become part of the Common Security and Defence Policy.
Eurofor has been involved in two deployments, one in Albania and one in Macedonia.
"Mission Albania" was in response to a refugee crisis in Albania following the Kosovo War. The deployment was initially part of NATO operation "Allied Harbor" and once NATO ground forces entered Kosovo, Eurofor's mission also incorporated the defence of NATO supply lines through Albania. "Mission Macedonia" was conducted under the wing of the European Union, as part of EUFOR Concordia. Formally, Eurofor became answerable directly to the European Union, through the Political and Security Committee. This operation began on 31 March 2003 when the Macedonian authorities invited assistance with the goal of the establishment of a stable and secure environment in Macedonia. This mission officially ended on 15 December 2004.
- European Union Force (EUFOR)
- European Maritime Force (Euromarfor)
- EU Battlegroup
- Eurofor web page
- The presentation of the Eurocorps-Foreign Legion concept at the European Parliament in June 2003
- EUFOR TCHAD/RCA
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