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Eugen von Falkenhayn
Born (1853-09-04)4 September 1853
Died 3 January 1934(1934-01-03) (aged 80)
Place of birth Burg Belchau, West Prussia, Kingdom of Prussia (Białochowo, Poland)
Place of death Berlin, Germany
Allegiance  German Empire
Service/branch Prussian Army, Cavalry
Years of service 1870–1910
1914–1919
Rank General of the Cavalry
Unit Cuirassier Regiment "Queen" (Pomeranian) No. 2
Commands held 1. Guard Dragoon Regiment "Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland"
19. Cavalry-Brigade
11th Infantry Division
XXII Reserve Corps
Battles/wars

World War I

Relations Erich von Falkenhayn (brother)
Fedor von Bock nephew[1]

Eugen von Falkenhayn (4 September 1853 – 3 January 1934) was a German General of the Cavalry, commanding officer of the XXII Reserve Corps in World War I and Lord Chamberlain of Empress Auguste Viktoria.

Biography

Falkenhayn was born in Burg Belchau, West Prussia (Białochowo, Poland) to Fedor von Falkenhayn (1814–1896) and Franziska von Falkenhayn, née von Rosenberg (1826–1888). His brother Arthur (1857–1929) became tutor of Crown Prince Wilhelm while Erich (1861–1922), became Prussian minister of war and chief of the German General Staff. His only sister Olga von Falkenhayn was the mother of Fieldmarshal Fedor von Bock.[1]

Falkenhayn joined the Prussian Army on 2 August 1870 at the Cuirassier Regiment "Queen" (Pomeranian) No. 2 in Pasewalk, he became a member of the Prussian General Staff in 1883 and Military attaché in Paris in 1887. In 1889 he was attached to the military headquarter of Wilhelm II and became the educator of Prince Wilhelm and Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia. He returned to the General Staff in 1894.[2][3] In 1895 Falkenhayn became the commander of the 1. Guard Dragoon Regiment "Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland" and in 1898 Chief of Staff of the IX Army Corps. In December 1901 Falkenhayn took over the command of the 19. Cavalry-Brigade in Hanover and the 11th Infantry Division in Breslau (Wrocław) on 15 April 1908. Falkenhayn retired on 2 May 1910, was promoted to "General der Kavallerie" and appointed Oberhofmeister (Lord Chamberlain) of Empress Augusta Viktoria.[1][3]

Eugen von Falkenhayn's grave in Steinfurth near Karlsburg in Western Pomerania

Falkenhayn was reactivated in the beginning of World War I and became commanding general of the XXII Reserve Corps on 10 September 1914. His Corps fought in the Battle of Flandres, in the Battle of Gorlice-Tarnów, in Serbia as part of the Austrian III Army under General Kövess. In 1916 the XXII Reserve Corps was deployed at the Battle of Verdun and sent to the Eastern Front (World War I) to counter the Brusilov Offensive, it returned to Germany in November 1918 and Falkenhayn retired on 30 June 1919.[3][4]

Falkenhayn died in Berlin-Lichterfelde on 3 January 1934 .[2]

Family

Falkenhayn married Louise von Dörnberg in 1893, his granddaughter Maria von Quistorp was the wife of Wernher von Braun.[5]

Decorations and awards

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Afflerbach, Holger (1996) (in German). Falkenhayn: Politisches Denken und Handeln im Kaiserreich. p. 9. ISBN 3-486-56184-7. https://books.google.de/books?id=Hc_pBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA9&lpg=PA9&dq=Eugen+von+Falkenhayn&source=bl&ots=n2zGdWNXq0&sig=KTZ5Rc9GVvy2nvSoQqhO2B2Uwfc&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi9qeOex5LMAhVGuxQKHdUbBBkQ6AEIPzAG#v=onepage&q=Eugen%20von%20Falkenhayn&f=false. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Vierhaus, Rudolf (2006) (in German). Deutsche Biographische Enzyklopädie. p. 226. ISBN 978-3-598-25033-0. https://books.google.de/books?id=STszecQjhiYC&pg=PA226&dq=Eugen+von+Falkenhayn&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiDl7DUy5LMAhWGchQKHZRsA7cQ6AEIRTAG#v=onepage&q=Eugen%20von%20Falkenhayn&f=false. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 DiNardo, Richard L. (2010). Breakthrough: The Gorlice-Tarnow Campaign, 1915. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-275-99110-4. https://books.google.de/books?id=Pty-r-7KnCoC&pg=PA176&dq=Eugen+von+Falkenhayn&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiO8aqcypLMAhULshQKHT6xCV8Q6AEIPTAF#v=onepage&q=Eugen%20&f=false. 
  4. DiNardo, Richard L. (2015). Invasion: The Conquest of Serbia, 1915. ISBN 978-1-4408-0092-4. https://books.google.de/books?id=6ZeIBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA48&dq=Eugen+von+Falkenhayn&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiDmNmKyZLMAhUFvhQKHRdYBPIQ6AEIMDAD#v=onepage&q=Eugen%20von%20Falkenhayn&f=false. 
  5. Harry Graf Kessler: Das Tagebuch 1906-1914. Jörg Schuster. p. 1029. https://books.google.de/books?id=VZGf0wppntwC&pg=PA1029&dq=Eugen+von+Falkenhayn&hl=de&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjiuvGyyJLMAhVBXhQKHeo4AQkQ6AEIKjAC#v=onepage&q=Eugen%20von%20Falkenhayn&f=false. 
    Maria Louise von Braun ancestry
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 Rangliste der Königlich Preußischen Armee und des XIII. (Königlich Württembergischen) Armeekorps für 1909. Mittler & Sohn. 1909. p. 69. 
  7. Hildebrand, Karl-Friedrich; Zweng, Christian (1999) (in German). Die Ritter des Ordens Pour le Mérite des I. Weltkriegs, Band 1. Biblio Verlag. pp. 394–396. ISBN 3-7648-2505-7. 

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