|Born||November 12, 1891|
|Died||June 8, 1964(aged 72)|
|Place of birth||Wildpark Potsdam|
|Place of death||Munich|
|Rank||General der Artillerie|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
Erwin Engelbrecht (12 November 1891 in Wildpark Potsdam - 8 April 1964 in Munich) was a German military officer.
In January 1939 Engelbrecht was promoted to General, in September 1942 to General of the Artillery. During 1939 - 1942 he was the commander of the 163rd Infantry Division (Engelbrecht Division); later he was assigned to special forces.
In 1940, on board the German cruiser Blücher, he led the staff of the forces designated to occupy Oslo during the invasion of Norway. When the ship was sunk, he managed to swim ashore. Along with hundreds of other survivors, Engelbrecht was detained by Norwegian guardsmen at a farm near Drøbak for several hours before being abandoned by their captors.
In 1941 his division was allowed to cross Sweden to join Finnish forces in Karelia, the only such large scale transit at the time. (See the transit of German troops through Scandinavia for details.)
Engelbrecht was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz).
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross (1914)
- 2nd Class (6 October 1914)
- 1st Class (31 May 1917)
- Knight's Cross of the House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords (24 June 1918)
- Cross of Honor (18 January 1935)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class
- 1st Class
- Eastern Front Medal (13 July 1942)
- Order of the Cross of Liberty 1st Class with Swords (21 September 1941)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 May 1940 as Generalleutnant and commander of 163. Infanterie-Division
- Arneberg, Sven T.; Kristian Hosar (1989) (in Norwegian). Vi dro mot nord : felttoget i Norge i april 1940, skildret av tyske soldater og offiserer: (Oslo, Østfold, Akershus, Hedmark, Oppland, Møre og Romsdal). Oslo: Aventura. p. 62. http://www.nb.no/nbsok/nb/5ca8e103474aaf434f95a905bbc30b2f?index=15.
|Commander of 163. Infanterie-Division
25 October 1939 – 15 June 1942
General der Infanterie Anton Dostler
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