Military Wiki
Dr. med. Ernst Gadermann
File:Ernst Gadermann.jpg
Born (1913-12-25)25 December 1913
Died 26 November 1973(1973-11-26) (aged 59)
Place of birth Wuppertal
Place of death Hamburg
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Rank Oberstabsarzt
Unit StG 2, SG 2
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Other work Professor of Cardiology

Oberstabsarzt Dr. med. Ernst Gadermann[Note 1] (born 25 December 1913 in Wuppertal – died 26 November 1973 in Hamburg) was a German World War II doctor in the Sanitätsdienst. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German language: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. After World War II he became a well known cardiologist.

Military career

Gadermann joined the Luftwaffe in 1941, where he worked as a doctor in Sturzkampfgeschwader 2 "Immelmann" on the Eastern Front. In addition to his medical work, he was quickly coopted to the wing staff.

Later he became an observer and gunner in the III. Group. During World War II he flew more than 850 combat missions in Junkers Ju 87 (Stuka) aircraft as a rear gunner.[Note 2] From May 1944 until his last mission on 9 February 1945 he flew with the most decorated German serviceman of the war, Hans-Ulrich Rudel. On this last mission he saved Rudel's life by pulling him from their severely damaged Ju 87 and applying first aid. Rudel's lower leg had been almost shot off, but he managed to land the aircraft before losing consciousness.

Gadermann served the remainder of the war in a Medical Observation Center in Brunswick.


Later life

After the war Gadermann worked as heart and circulatory specialist in Hamburg. There in 1947 he and Adolf Metzner developed the basics of the first telemetric measurements of the ECG in athletes. Gadermann was chief of the 1972 Summer Olympics sports medicine faculty. He died of a heart attack on 26 November 1973 in Hamburg on his way to a lecture.


  1. In German a Doctor of Medicine is abbreviated as Dr. med. (Doctor medicinae).
  2. For a list of Luftwaffe ground attack aces see List of German World War II Ground Attack aces


  1. Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 128.
  2. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 190.
  • Brütting, Georg (1995) (in German). Das waren die deutschen Stuka-Asse 1939 – 1945 [These were the German Stuka Aces 1939 – 1945]. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch. ISBN 978-3-87943-433-6. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001) (in German). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2]. Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).