|Born||8 June 1899|
|Died||24 April 1945(aged 45)|
|Place of birth||Charlottenburg|
|Place of death||Potsdam-Babelsberg|
|Service/branch||German Red Cross|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Early life and career
Grawitz was born in Charlottenburg, in the western part of Berlin, Germany. As Reichsarzt SS and Polizei (Reichsphysician SS and Police), Grawitz advised Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler on the use of gas chambers. Grawitz was also head of the German Red Cross. His wife, Ilse, was the daughter of SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Siegfried Taubert.
Towards the end of World War II in Europe, Grawitz was a physician in Adolf Hitler's Führerbunker. When he heard that other officials were leaving Berlin in order to escape from advancing Soviet armies, Grawitz petitioned Hitler to allow him to leave; his request was denied.
As the Soviets approached, a grenade exploded in Grawitz's house in Babelsberg, killing him, his wife and his children. It has been assumed that the grenade was activated by Grawitz himself, which would make this event a murder-suicide. The event was depicted in the 2004 historical film Der Untergang ("Downfall"), in which he was portrayed by Christian Hoening.
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