Military Wiki
Ernest Charles Ashton
Born 1873
Died 1957 (aged 83–84) (aged 83-84)
Allegiance Canada
Service/branch Canadian Army
Years of service 1893 - 1941
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held Chief of the General Staff
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Volunteer Decoration

Lieutenant-General Ernest Charles Ashton CB CMG VD (1873–1957) was a Canadian soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army from 1935 until 21 November 1938. He retired from the Canadian Army in 1941.

Military career

Ashton was commissioned as a provisional second lieutenant in the Dufferin Rifles in 1893. Promoted to captain in 1895, major in 1902 and lieutenant colonel in 1907, he was became Commanding Officer of the Dufferin Rifles that year. He was appointed Commanding Officer of 36 Battalion Canadian Expeditionary Force in 1914 at the start of World War I. He went on to be Commanding Officer of 9th Reserve Canadian Infantry Brigade in 1915. Promoted to brigadier in 1917, he became Commander of 15th Canadian Infantry Brigade that year.[1]

Promoted to major-general in 1918, he became Adjutant General of the Canadian Army. He went on to be Quartermaster General in 1920, Commander Military District 2 in 1930 and Commander Military District 11 in 1933.[1] In 1935 he was selected to be Chief of the General Staff and in 1939 he became Inspector-General of Military Forces in Canada.[1] He retired in 1941.[1]

He was appointed a Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in January 1918[2] and a Companion of the Order of the Bath in June 1935.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Ernest Charles Ashton at
  2. Canada Gazette of 26 January 1918
  3. Canada Gazette of 29 June 1935
Military offices
Preceded by
Andrew McNaughton
Chief of the General Staff
Succeeded by
Thomas Victor Anderson

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