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The equipment of the Royal Malaysian Navy can be subdivided into: vessels, aircraft, munitions, radar, small arms, vehicles, and attire.

Vessels[]

All RMN ships carry the prefix KD (Malay: Kapal Di-Raja, literally "Royal Ship"), which is equivalent to "His Majesty's Ship" in English. The training vessel Tunas Samudra, however, carries a KLD prefix (Kapal Layar Di-Raja) to mean "His Majesty's Sailing Ship".

Submarines[]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Submarines
Scorpéne Scorpene Tunku Abdul Rahman Attack Submarine KD Tunku Abdul Rahman
KD Tun Abdul Razak
Flag of France France 2 Armament:

Mix for a total of 18 ×

Ships[]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Frigates
Maharaja Lela File:Egyptian Gowind 2500 corvette El Fateh (971).jpg Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) KD Maharaja Lela[1]
KD Shariff Mashor[1]
KD Raja Mahadi[1]


Flag of France France
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia
1+(5)[2][3][4] On order/under construction[5][6] All 6 ships built by BNS locally[3]
Armament:[7]
Lekiu RAN-IFR 2013 D3 143 Frigate KD Jebat
KD Lekiu
Flag of the United Kingdom UK 2 Armament:[9]
Corvettes
Kasturi File:KD Lekir lead USS Bunker Hill.jpeg Corvette KD Kasturi
KD Lekir
Flag of Germany Germany 2 Armament:[10]
Laksamana Sandakan Sabah Laksamana-Muhammad-Amin-01 Corvette KD Laksamana Hang Nadim
KD Laksamana Tun Abdul Jamil
KD Laksamana Muhammad Amin
KD Laksamana Tan Pusmah
Flag of Italy Italy 4 Armament:[11]
Patrol vessels
Kedah IMDEX 2007 Malaysian ship (523652840) Offshore patrol vessel KD Kedah
KD Pahang
KD Perak
KD Terengganu
KD Kelantan
KD Selangor
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia
6 All ships are fitted for but not with anti-ship missile (SSM) and surface-to-air missile (SAM). Upgrade to missile-equipped corvette under planning.[12][13] 4 of 6 ships were built locally by BNS
Armament:[14]
Littoral Mission Ship (LMS) Littoral Mission Ship (LMS)


Flag of the People's Republic of China China
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia
(4) 18 planned.[15]

4 on order/under construction:
70m littoral mission ships/patrol vessels that operate close to shore. Two will be built in China and the rest in Malaysia.[16] Armament:Including guns,missiles and torpedo according to role.

Fast attack crafts
Perdana Plotarhis Vlakavas P 74 Missile boat KD Perdana
KD Serang
KD Ganas
KD Ganyang
Flag of France France 4 Armament:[17]
Handalan Missile boat KD Handalan
KD Perkasa
KD Pendekar
KD Gempita
Flag of Sweden Sweden 4 Armament:[18]
Jerung Gunboat KD Jerung
KD Todak
KD Paus
KD Yu
KD Baung
KD Pari
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 6 Armament:[19]
Kris Sandakan Sabah Naval-Base-KD-Sri-Perlis-01 Gunboat KD Sri Perlis
KD Sri Johor
Flag of the United Kingdom UK 2 Armament:[20]
Sri Tiga Fast troop vessel KD Sri Tiga
KD Sri Gaya
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 2
CB90 ARM Armelnath 1 Fast assault craft Tempur 11
Tempur 12
Tempur 13
Tempur 14
Tempur 15
Tempur 21
Tempur 22
Tempur 23
Tempur 24
Tempur 25
Tempur 32
Tempur 33
Tempur 34
Tempur 41
Tempur 42
Tempur 43
Tempur 44
Flag of Sweden Sweden 17
Mines counter-measure vessels
Mahamiru MM Crotone M5558 Minesweeper KD Mahamiru
KD Jerai
KD Ledang
KD Kinabalu
Flag of Italy Italy 4
Multi-purpose support ships/Amphibious warfare ships
Sri Indera Sakti KD Sri Indera Sakti-2 Multi-purpose support ship KD Sri Indera Sakti Flag of Germany Germany 1
Mahawangsa KD Mahawangsa (1504) berthed at Lumut Naval Base Multi-purpose support ship KD Mahawangsa Flag of Germany Germany 1
Auxiliary vessels
Bunga Mas Lima Auxiliary vessel Bunga Mas 5 Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 1
Bunga Mas Enam Auxiliary vessel Bunga Mas 6 Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 1
Tun Azizan Auxiliary vessel Tun Azizan Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 1 Used as sea basing in South China Sea[21]
Mega Bakti Submarine rescue ship MV Mega Bakti Flag of Singapore Singapore 1 Carried:
  • Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)
  • Emergency Life Support Stores (ELSS) Pod
  • Portable Underwater Telephone System
  • Distressed Submarine Ventilation and Depressurisation System (DSVSD)
  • Double Lock Decompression Chamber (DDC)
  • Global Positioning System Intelligent Buoy Tracking System (GIB)
Training ships
Gagah Samudera Training ship KD Gagah Samudera
KD Teguh Samudera
Flag of South Korea South Korea
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia
2 76m ships that well armed and have helicopter deck.This ships also can be use in combat when needed.
Hang Tuah KD Hang Tuah Labuan 20070915 Training ship KD Hang Tuah Flag of the United Kingdom UK 1
Tunas Samudera Tunas Samudera Training ship KLD Tunas Samudera Flag of the United Kingdom UK 1
Hydrographic survey vessels
Perantau Hydro ship KD Perantau Flag of Germany Germany 1
Mutiara Hydro ship KD Mutiara Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 1
Bureau Veritas Hydro ship MV Aishah Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 1 Supposed to be replaced by MV Dayang Sari.[22]
Dayang Sari Hydro ship MV Dayang Sari Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 1 Platform sea base, Tun Sharifah Rodziah. Upgraded oil rig so the platform functioned as a base at sea for boats and helicopters and equipped with military assets such as interceptors, patrol boats, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).[23]

Aircraft[]

Aircraft Image Version Type Origin Quantity Notes
Helicopters
Westland Lynx
A Royal Malaysian Navy Super Lynx helicopter prepares to land on the flight deck of the littoral combat ship USS Freedom (LCS 1) in the South China Sea during landing qualifications June 18, 2013, as part 130618-N-PD773-083
Super Lynx 300 Anti-submarine warfare Flag of the United Kingdom UK 6 It is equipped with 2 torpedoes or 4 MBDA Sea Skua anti-ship missile and also use as OTHT.
Eurocopter Fennec
Fennec3H131COAN
AS 555SN Surface surveillance Flag of France France 6 Combat capable.

Munitions[]

Helicopter/ship missiles and ship/submarine torpedoes[]

Model Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Air-to-surface missile (ASM) and surface-to-air missile (SAM)
Sea Skua US Navy 020312-N-6077T-004 Sea Skua Anti-Ship missile Air-to-surface missile Flag of the United Kingdom UK 50[24] Used by Westland Lynx helicopter.[25][26]
Aspide Misil Aspide Surface-to-air missile Flag of Italy Italy 18 Used by Laksamana class corvette.[27][28]
MICA MICA P6230072 Point defence missile system, surface-to-air missile Flag of France France unknown To be installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[29]
Sea Wolf Defence Imagery - Missiles 10 Guided missile system, surface-to-air missile Flag of the United Kingdom UK 65[24] Used by Lekiu class frigate.[30][31][32]
Anti-ship missile (AShM) and land-attack missile (LACM)
NSM NSM PICT0001 Anti-ship and land-attack missile Flag of Norway Norway 100 (ordered)[24] To be installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[29]
Exocet ExocetVersions Anti-ship missile Flag of France France 50[24] MM40 Block 2. Used by Lekiu class frigate and Kasturi class corvette.[32][33]
Otomat Otomat Mk 2 MGP 2007 Anti-ship and coastal attack Flag of Italy Italy 48[24] Otomat Mk 2. Used by Laksamana class corvette.[28]
Torpedoes
A244-S Torpedo Flag of Italy Italy 75[24] Used by Laksamana class corvette.[34][35]
Black Shark Torpedo Flag of Italy Italy 30[24] Used by Perdana Menteri class submarine.[36]
Exocet ExocetVersions Torpedo Flag of France France 40[24] SM39. Used by Perdana Menteri class submarine.[37]

Radar[]

Model Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Radar
Thales Nederland SMART-S Mk.II Smart-s cropped Search radar Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands unknown Installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[38]
Ericsson SEA-GIRAFFE Sea GIRAFFE 3 D radar on Polish Corvette Search radar Flag of Sweden Sweden unknown Installed on Lekiu-class frigate.[39]
TRS-3D Korvette Braunschweig (F 260) 06 Search radar Flag of Germany Germany unknown Installed on Kedah class corvette/NGPV.[40]

Weapons[]

The standard weapons of all RMN personnel is Glock 17, Heckler & Koch P9S service pistols, M4 carbines, M16 rifles and FN MAG 58 general purpose machine guns. The RMN PASKAL units are often equipped with the most common specialised firearms including combat shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, carbines, sniper rifles, light machine guns, and grenade-based weapons that are generally found in most counter-terrorist tactical teams. The following are some of the weapons of the RMN ground forces:

Model Image Type Calibre Origin Version Details
Pistols
Glock Glock 17 Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Flag of Austria Austria Glock 17
Glock 18C
Glock 19
Glock 26
Glock 34
Glock 17 is the standard service pistol for navy personnel.
Glock 18C to Glock 34 is used by PASKAL.[41]
P9 HK P9S PDRM Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Flag of Germany Germany P9S Limited service.[41]
P11 HK P11 mit pruefgeraet Underwater Pistol 7.62×36mm Flag of Germany Germany P11 Used by PASKAL.[41]
P30 Heckler & Koch P30 pistol Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Flag of Germany Germany P30 Used by PASKAL.[41]
SP1 VektorSP1 Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Flag of South Africa South Africa SP1 Limited service.[41]
Shotguns
FP6 H&KFabarmFP6entry Shotgun 12 bore Flag of Italy Italy FP6 Used by PASKAL.[41]
M870 M870mcs Shotgun 12-gauge Flag of the United States USA M870 Used by PASKAL as a breaching shotgun.[41]
M1100 Remington 1100 Tactical 8 Rounds Shotgun 12-gauge Flag of the United States USA M1100 Used by PASKAL.[41]
Submachine guns
MP5 HK MP5 in two versions used by PASKAL Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum Flag of Germany Germany MP5A5
MPK-A5
MP5N
MP5SD6
MLI
The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard MP5A5, MP5K-A5, MP5N and the suppressed MP5SD6. Used by PASKAL in night operations, close quarters (especially VBSS/GOPLATS), hostage rescue, and escort. A standard MP5A5 has been fitted with an RM Equipment M203PI grenade launcher.[41]
MP7 H&K MP7 Submachine gun HK 4.6×30mm Flag of Germany Germany MP7A1
MP7A2
Used by PASKAL.[41]
P90 FN-P90 2 Submachine gun FN 5.7×28mm Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium P90 Used by PASKAL.[41]
UMP HKUMP45 Submachine gun .45 ACP Flag of Germany Germany UMP45 Used by PASKAL.[41]
Rifles
M4 M4A1 ACOG Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of the United States USA
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia
M4
M4A1 SOPMOD
Standard service rifle for Malaysian Armed Forces
Equipped with SOPMOD kit features a shortened quick-detachable M203 grenade launcher and leaf sight, an Insight Technologies AN/PEQ-2A visible laser/infrared designator, along with ECOS-N optical sight (a variant of the Aimpoint CompM2) and a night vision sight. Used by PASKAL.[41]
M16 M16A1 brimob Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of the United States USA M16A1 Still in used reservists or ceremonial only.
AK-100 Oboronexpo2014part4-39 Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Russia Russia AK-101
AK-102
Used by PASKAL. Limited service.[41]
G36 800px-G36bw Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Germany Germany G36C
G36E
G36KE
Used by PASKAL.[41]
HK416 HK416 Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Germany Germany D10RS
D14.5RS
D20RS
Used by PASKAL.[41]
M8 Xm8 sideview Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of the United States USA
XM8 Compact
XM8 Carbine
XM8 AR/DMR
XM8 LMG
Used by PASKAL. Available in four variants: the XM8 Compact Carbine or PDW, XM8 Carbine, Automatic Rifle, Designated marksmen rifle and Light machine gun.[41]
Machine guns
Ameli Ameli Ejército español Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Spain Spain Ameli Standard general purpose machine gun. Used by PASKAL.[41]
Minimi M249 FN MINIMI DA-SD-03-13170 Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium Minimi Belt-fed but can be used with STANAG magazines. Standard squad automatic weapon. Used by PASKAL.[41]
MG4 H&KMG4 Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO Flag of Germany Germany MG4-KE Standard squad automatic weapon, in service since 2010. Used by PASKAL.[41]
MAG FN MAG General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Flag of Belgium (civil) Belgium MAG Standard general purpose machine gun. Used by all branches of the Royal Malaysian Navy. It can be attached to both navy assault vessels and tripods.[41]
SS-77 South African National Defense Force soldiers on their way General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Flag of South Africa South Africa SS-77 Standard general purpose machine gun. Mounted on PASKAL's Rigid Hull Fender Boat (RHFB).[41]
M2 Machine gun M2 1 Heavy machine gun .50 BMG Flag of the United States USA M2HB
GAU-21
Mounted on vessels or tripods.
Anti-aircraft machine gun, mounted on navy helicopters.
Designated marksman rifle (DMR) and Sniper rifles
AR-50 ArmaLite AR50 A1 APA Accessories Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG Flag of the United States USA AR-50 Used by PASKAL.
AW Accuracy International Arctic Warfare - Psg 90 Sniper rifle .308 Winchester Flag of the United Kingdom UK AW Used by PASKAL.[41]
AW50 AW50 Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG Flag of the United Kingdom UK AW50 Standard long range and anti-materiel sniper rifle. Used by PASKAL as counter-sniper.[41]
DSR-1 AMP DSR-1 Koalorka Sniper rifle .308 Winchester Flag of Germany Germany DSR-1 Used by PASKAL.[41]
HK417 Heckler & Koch HK417 Sniper Rifle of PASKAL Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Flag of Germany Germany HK417 Used by PASKAL.[41]
MSG-90 MSG 90 rifle museum 2014 Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Flag of Germany Germany MSG-90A1 Used by PASKAL.[41]
M24 M24 Rifle (7414626896) Designated marksman rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Flag of the United States USA M40A1 Used by PASKAL.[41]
M14 M14 afmil Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Flag of the United States USA M14 Limited service.[41]
RC-50 Robar RC-50 anti material sniper rifle Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG Flag of the United States USA RC-50F Standard long range and anti-materiel sniper rifle. Used by PASKAL as counter-sniper.[41]
Grenade-based weapons
AG36 HK AGCEGLM Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR Flag of Germany Germany AG36 Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to HK416, G36 and XM8 some in stand-alone system. Used by PASKAL.[41]
M320 PEO M320 Grenade Launcher Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR Flag of Germany Germany M320 Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to M4A1, HK416, G36 and XM8 some in stand-alone system. Used by PASKAL.[41]
HK GMG HK GMW Automatic grenade launcher 40x53mm Flag of Germany Germany GMG Has a 320rpm rate of fire and an effective range of 1,500 m (4,900 ft)-2,000 m (6,600 ft). It is used for the suppression of enemy infantry and can be mounted on PASKAL assault boats and tripods.[41]
M203 M203 1 Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR Flag of the United States USA M203
M203A1
M203A2
M203PI
Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to M4/M4A1 (M203A1/A2), MP5A5 (M203PI) and M16A1 (M203).[41]
Mk 3 Mk3A2 Grenade HE grenade Flag of the United States USA Mk3A2
AN-M14 AN-M14 grenade Incendiary grenade Flag of the United States USA
Mk 141 Mod 0 Flashbang Flag of the United States USA
AN M18 M18 Grenade Smoke grenade Flag of the United States USA

Attire[]

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Digitalise grey camouflage RMN Digital Camouflage Pattern The Royal Malaysian Navy (Malay language: Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia, TLDM) introduces the new digital camo pattern during 59th Merdeka Day Parade on 31 August 2016.
Harimau Gurun desert pattern ATM Digital Desert pattern It is a variant of Malay Tigerstripe Woodland pattern but with earth-brown stripes on a light green and sand-coloured background.
Working Dress Uniform Female RMN along with Navy PASKAL frogman strike team members during 57th NDP

Procurement[]

In 2014, Malaysia signed a contract agreement worth MYR9 billion (USD2.2 billion) which awarded to Boustead Naval Shipyard (BNS) to built six Second Generation Patrol Vessel.[42] The ship will be built based on the Gowind 2500 corvette designed by French shipbuilder DCNS.[42] In 2015, it was reported that French defence minister has visited Malaysia to discuss on the selling of Mistral-class helicopter carrier.[43] However, Malaysian defence minister has denied any talks on Mistral and stated the talks were more focused to the Dassault Rafale fighters deal for the Royal Malaysian Air Force.[44] The Malaysian government is also considering to increase the total of helicopters for the Royal Malaysian Navy with either AW-159, Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk or the Airbus Helicopters H225M.[45] In 2016, an Italian-aerospace defence company, the Finmeccanica has signed a teaming agreement with Malaysian-defence vehicle company, the Global Komited to jointly distribute AgustaWestland AW159 helicopters if it was selected by the Malaysian government.[46][47] In the same year, Malaysia signed a deal with China for the purchasing of Littoral Mission Ship (LMS).[16]

Former Asset[]

Ships[]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Submarines
Agosta class OuessantBrest2005 Submarine Ouessant (S623) Flag of France France 1 Used submarine transferred by French Navy to Royal Malaysian Navy.RMN operates this submarine before the commissioning of new Scorpene class submarine.
Frigates
KD Hang Tuah First Generation HMS Loch Insh 1944 IWM FL 14742 Frigate KD Hang Tuah (F433) Flag of the United Kingdom UK 1
KD Rahmat KD Rahmat Frigate KD Rahmat (F24) Flag of the United Kingdom UK 1
Patrol vessels
Musytari Class Offshore patrol vessel KD Musytari
KD Marikh
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 2 Transferred to Malaysian Coast Guard
Keris Class Patrol vessel KD Lembing
KD Sri Melaka
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 2 Transferred to Malaysian Coast Guard.
Multi-purpose support ships/Amphibious warfare ships
Newport Class USS Spartanburg County (LST-1192) Landing Ship Tank KD Sri Inderapura Flag of the United States USA 1

Aircraft[]

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Helicopter
Westland Wasp Wasp XT420 606 Anti-submarine warfare Wasp MK 1 Flag of the United Kingdom UK 12

See also[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.malaysiandefence.com/keel-laying-ceremony-for-third-lcs/
  2. http://www.malaysiandefence.com/first-lcs-launch-next-week/
  3. 3.0 3.1 Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (28 October 2013). "Malaysian Ministry of Defence Confirms Construction of Gowind ships for LCS program". Navy Recognition. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20141006125111/http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/year-2013-news/october-2013-navy-world-naval-forces-maritime-industry-technology-news/1314-malaysian-ministry-of-defence-confirms-construction-of-gowind-ships-for-lcs-program.html. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  4. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (27 August 2014). "Royal Malaysian Navy Releases First Official Image of its LCS-SGPV Corvette". Navy Recognition. http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/year-2014-news/august-2014-navy-naval-forces-maritime-industry-technology-security-global-news/1969-royal-malaysian-navy-releases-first-official-image-of-its-lcs-sgpv-frigate.html. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  5. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (17 July 2014). "Boustead to Build Malaysian Navy’s SGPV LCSs". DCNS. Naval Today. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150406181247/http://navaltoday.com/2014/07/17/boustead-to-build-malaysian-navys-sgpv-lcss/. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  6. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (11 October 2013). "LCS will begin operations in 2018, saya Hishammuddin". Bernama. The Borneo Post. http://www.theborneopost.com/2013/10/11/lcs-will-begin-operations-in-2018-saya-hishammuddin/. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  7. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (23 September 2014). "Malaysia’s SGPV-LCS Gowind Frigates". Defense Industry Daily. http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/Malaysia-Becomes-DCNS-1st-Customer-for-Gowind-Ships-07272/. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  8. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (9 April 2015). "Letter of Award for NSM ships equipment with Malaysian Boustead Naval Shipyard Sdn Bhd". Navy Recognition. http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/year-2015-news/april-2015-navy-naval-forces-defense-industry-technology-maritime-security-global-news/2590-letter-of-award-for-nsm-ships-equipment-with-malaysian-boustead-naval-shipyard-sdn-bhd.html. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  9. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Lekiu Class, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/lekiu/. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  10. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Kasturi Class Corvettes, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/kasturi-class/. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  11. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Laksamana Class Missile Corvette, Malaysia". naval-technology.com. http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/laksamana/. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  12. The Economic Crisis and ASEAN States' Security. DIANE Publishing. pp. 18–. ISBN 978-1-4289-1279-3. https://books.google.com/books?id=JLki0L0xOzgC&pg=PA18. 
  13. Mohd Asron Mustapha Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (27 July 2011). "Peluru berpandu di kapal peronda TLDM" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2011&dt=0727&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Polis_%26_Tentera&pg=te_02.htm. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  14. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Kedah Class Offshore Patrol Vessels - Naval Technology". naval-technology.com. http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/kedah-class-patrol/. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  15. http://www.malaysiandefence.com/joy-to-the-world/
  16. 16.0 16.1 Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£; Michael Martina (1 November 2016). "China and Malaysia sign deals on navy vessels". http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSKBN12W3WF. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  17. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "KD PERDANA (3501)". Royal Malaysian Navy. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150315024647/http://navy.mil.my/index.php/aset-tldm/fac/kd-perdana-3501. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
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External links[]



All or a portion of this article consists of text from Wikipedia, and is therefore Creative Commons Licensed under GFDL.
The original article can be found at Equipment of the Royal Malaysian Navy and the edit history here.
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