Military Wiki
Iranian Army
Iranian Army Order of Battle
List of Iranian field marshals
Rank insignia of the Iranian military
Current equipment
Military history of Iran
Historical equipment
Imperial Guard

From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran was equipped with the very latest Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain Tank). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.

The Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn towards the Soviet Union, North Korea, Brazil, and China to meet its short term military requirements. Initial developments in every field of military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, China, and North Korea to lay the foundations for future industries. Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors where Iran sought to gain total independence; however, in some sectors such as the Aerospace sector and missile technology Iran is still greatly reliant on external help. Iran has developed the capacity to reverse engineer existing foreign hardware, adapt it to its own requirements and then manufacture the finished product. Examples of this are the Boragh and the IAMI Azarakhsh. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products.

This page includes weapons used by both Iranian army and Revolutionary Guards ground forces.

Infantry weapons

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
M1911 M1911A1.png United States Pistol .45 ACP
PC-9 ZOAF SIG P226 img 1624.jpg   Switzerland  Iran Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Unlicensed production of P226 variant.
Submachine guns
Uzi Uzi of the israeli armed forces.jpg  Israel Submachine gun 9x19mm Parabellum
Heckler & Koch MP5 Heckler & Koch MP5-1.jpg  Germany  Iran Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum Manufactured under license by DIO as the Tondar (MP5A3) and Tondar Light (MP5K).
Fajr 224 PEO M4 Carbine RAS M68 CCO.jpg United States  Iran Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO Unlicensed copy of the M4 Carbine. Special forces use only.
H&K G3A6 DCB Shooting G3 pictures.jpg  West Germany
Battle Rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Standard-issue service rifle of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army. G3A3 version manufactured under license.
 Iran Assault Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Iranian designed bullpup configuration of the Chinese Norinco CQ 5.56×45mm rifle. Limited service.
Fateh Assault Rifle 13930706192022994-PhotoL.jpg  Iran Assault Rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Iranian 5.56x45mm modular rifle inspired from the American ACR and FN SCAR rifles.
S-5.56 (Sayyad) NORINCO Type CQ 5'56x45mm assault rifle.jpg  People's Republic of China Iran Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Copy of the Norinco CQ. In service with Saberin unit.
KL-7.62 File:Norinco type 56.jpg  People's Republic of China Iran Assault Rifle 7.62×39mm Iranian copy of the Chinese Type 56 and AKM. Possibly produced under license. IRGC´s main service rifle.
AKM AKM automatkarbin - 7,62x39mm.jpg  Soviet Union Assault Rifle 7.62×39mm Reserved.
Machine guns
RPK Machine Gun RPK.jpg  Soviet Union  Iran Light Machine Gun 7.62x39mm M43 Local production.
PK machine gun Download (3).jpg  Soviet Union  Iran General-purpose machine gun 7.62x54mmR Local Production.
MGA3 BundeswehrMG3.jpg  West Germany  Iran General-purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Licensed production.
DShK Iranian soldier shooting with DShk.jpg  Soviet Union  Iran HMG 12.7x108mm Manufactured DShKM variant named MGD 12.7,
M2 Browning Machine gun M2 1.jpg United States Heavy machine gun 12.7X99mm NATO Standard heavy machine gun of the Iranian Army.
Sniper Rifles
Nakhjir Svd02.jpg  Soviet Union  Iran Sniper Rifle 7.62x54mmR Dragunov SVD manufactured under license.
AM-50 Sayyad Steyr HS .50-frontal-scope.jpg   Switzerland  Iran Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×99mm NATO Purchased a batch of 600 rifles in 2006. Iran has since produced an unlicensed version of the Steyr HS.50 under the name AM-50 Sayyad.

Anti-Tank Weapons

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Photo Notes
SPG-9 Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union/ Iran
SPG-9M rus.jpeg
M40 Recoilless rifle United States/ Iran
RPG-7  Soviet Union/ Iran
RPG-7V - Interpolitex-2009.jpg
Type 69 RPG  People's Republic of China
Chinese copy of Russian RPG-7.
Saegheh  Iran Improved version of the RPG-7.[4]
RPG-29  Soviet Union
Saeghe 1/2 Anti-tank guided missile Unknown  Iran
Dragon 04.jpg
Reverse engineered M47 Dragon.[6][7]
Toophan 2
Toophan 2B
Toophan 2M
Toophan 3
Toophan 4
Toophan 5
Toophan 6
Toophan 7
Anti-tank guided missile Unknown Entered production 1987/1988.
Revealed 2000.
Introduced 2016
First shown to the public in 2017 but in use since at least 2015.
Began development in 2002 and entered production in 2010.
Shown to the Public in 2017
Planned Variant, currently in development.
File:Toop 1.jpg

Toophan 1 Anti-Tank Guided Missile

File:Toophan 3.jpg

Toophan 3 Anti-Tank Guided Missile

File:Toop 5.jpg

Toophan 5 Anti-Tank Guided Missile

||Considered to be the BGM-71A TOW clone,[8] the Toophan-1's payload is a 3.6 kg HEAT warhead. the top speed 310 m/s. Toophan-1 marketing material claims a hit probability of 96%.[9]

The Toophan 2 is a derivative of BGM-71C TOW missile with a tandem HEAT warhead; possibly incorporates elements of BGM-71E TOW 2A missile.[10]

The Toophan 2B is an upgraded model of the Toophan 2 with heavier warhead.[11][12]

The Toophan 2M is an upgraded model of the Toophan 2B equipped with a tandem-warhead.[13]

The Toophan 3 is a reverse-engineered American BGM-71F TOW 2B top-attack missile.[14]

The Toophan 4 is a variant of the Toophan family which is equipped with a thermobaric fuel-air warhead.[15]

Considered the premier Toophan variant,[14] the Toophan-5 has laser guidance, tandem-warhead[16] and canards.[17] As a laser-riding missile, it uses a different launcher. Not a copy of any TOW variant.

The Toophan 6 is a variant of the Toophan family which is equipped with an anti-bunker thermobaric warhead[18] and is said to be laser-riding.

The Toophan 7 is a planned variant of the Toophan family, it's equipped warhead is unclear some sources claim it is perhaps fragmentation thermobaric.

Anti-aircraft missile Unknown Entered mass production in 2009  Iran
File:Toop 1.jpg

A Qaem Missile.

The Qaem is an Iranian SACLOS beam-riding SHORAD surface-to-air missile. With a range of six kilometers and a maximum altitude of two kilometers, the Qaem is intended for use against UAVs and low flying or stationary helicopters. The Qaem is a development of the Toophan missile, hence why they are identical in appearance.

The missiles can be used by Ghods Mohajer UAVs.[19]

The Qaem anti-aircraft missile uses a laser guidance system.[20] Iran also produces a variant, the Qaem-M, which adds a proximity fuse.[21]

9K11 Malyutka/Raad Anti-tank guided missile Unknown  Soviet Union/ Iran
Manufactured in Iran under the name Raad.
9K111 Fagot Anti-tank guided missile Unknown  Soviet Union
9M111 AT-4 Spigot.jpg
9M113 Konkurs Anti-tank guided missile Unkown  Soviet Union/ Iran
Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg
Built as Towsan-1 or M-113 in Iran.
9K115-2 Metis-M Anti-tank guided missile Unknown  Russia/ Iran
Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg
Produced under license from Russia.
MILAN Anti-tank guided missile Unknown  France
MILAN P1220770.jpg
Captured during the Iran-Iraq War. Probably no longer in service.
Dehlavie Anti-tank guided missile Unknown  Iran
9M133 Kornet.JPG
Iranian copy of Kornet.[22][23] Available as Pirooz vehicle-mounted weapon station.[24]

Armored Fighting Vehicles

Armored fighting vehicles[2][25]
Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
Cobra BMT-2 Armored personnel carrier 1997
Boragh Armored personnel carrier 140 1997
Rakhsh Armored personnel carrier
Sarir Armored personnel carrier
Sayyad Armored fast attack vehicle
M113 Armored personnel carrier 200
BTR-50 Amphibious Tracked Armored personnel carrier 150 1966
BTR-60 Amphibious Armored personnel carrier 150 1966
Type 63 Armored personnel carrier
Type 86/BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle 210
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle 400 1991–2001 1,500 ordered in 1991 from Russia and 413 were delivered between 1993 and 2001 of which 82 were delivered directly by Russia and 331 were assembled in Iran.[26] 100 were in service in 1995, 140 in 2000 and 400 in 2002, 2005 and 2008.[25] 400 are currently in service.[27]
FV101 Scorpion Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance 110 1997 Tosan is a domestically produced light Tank, based on the FV101 Scorpion
Tosan Tank Light Tank 20 1997
EE-9 Cascavel Armored car 189
Zulfiqar MBT 3
Zulfiqar MBT 2
Zulfiqar MBT 1
Main Battle Tank 4(prototypes)
Main battle tank ~100 707 Mk-3P and Mk-5P, 125–189 FV-4030-1, 41 ARV and 14 AVLB obtained before the 1979 revolution. Further planned deliveries of the more capable 4030 series were cancelled at that point. 100 in service as of 2005. Upgraded to Mobarez[28]
M60 Patton Main Battle Tank ~150 Some sources claim ~150 M60 [29]
M48 Patton Main Battle Tank ~150 Some sources claim ~150 M48 [29]
M47 Patton Main Battle Tank ~170
T-62 Main Battle Tank 75 1981–1985 65 ordered in 1981, currently 75 are in service.[27] Source Global Security
T-72S Main Battle Tank 480 1994–1999 Iran produced 422 T-72S tanks under licence from Russia from 1993-2001, received 104 T-72M1 tanks from Poland from 1994-1995 and 37 T-72M1 tanks from Belarus starting in 2000 [30]
Type-72Z Safir-74
Main Battle Tank 540 ~200 Type-72Z Safir-74
Type 59 Main Battle Tank 220 Since 2002, Iran possesses approximately ~220 Type 59 main battle tank.
Type 69 Main Battle Tank 200
Ch'ŏnma-ho Main Battle Tank 150 1982–1985 150 ordered in 1981 from North Korea and delivered between 1982 and 1985. Most likely retired from service.

Other vehicles

Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
Safir Jeep Multipurpose Military vehicle 3000+ 2008 Yearly production of 5000 vehicles [31][32]
Samandar Light Attack Vehicle [33][34]
Kaviran Multipurpose Military vehicle [35]
Sepehr Utility vehicle [36][37]
Aras Multipurpose Military vehicle [38][39]
Ranger Light Attack Vehicle [40][41]
Neynava Lightweight Truck [42]
Mercedes-Benz L-series truck Truck [43]
Mercedes-Benz Actros Heavy Truck
KrAZ Trucks Heavy Truck [43]



Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
37mm Marsh Mortar 37mm Mortar Iran
HM 12 60mm Mortar Iran
HM 13 60mm Mortar Iran
HM 14 60mm Mortar Iran
HM 15 81mm Mortar Iran
HM 16 120mm Mortar Iran
Razm Mortar 120mm Mortar Iran [35]
Vafa Mortar 160mm Mortar Iran [38][39]

Mortars Reference 1:[2] Mortars Reference 2:[44]

Towed artillery

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
M101A1 105mm Howitzer 130 USA
2A18M Howitzer 540 Russia/China
Type-54 Howitzer 100 China
M1954/Type 59-1 Howitzer 985 USSR/China In 2002, Iran had 1,100 M-46 in conditional use. By 2012 this number has dropped from 985.
M1955 Howitzer 30 USSR/China
WAC-21 Howitzer 15 China
GHN-45 Howitzer 120 Austria
M-114 Howitzer 70 USA
122mm HM 40 Howitzer Iran
155mm HM 41 Howitzer Iran
FH-77B Howitzer 18
G-5 Howitzer 50 South Africa In 1990, Iran had 50 G-5. Howerver, there is no current information on the condition of these Howitzer.
M-115 Howitzer 20 USA
Type 63 MRL/Fajr 1 MRL 700 1986 Iran/China

Artillery Reference 1:[27]

Self-propelled artillery

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled howitzer 60 Russia
Raad 1 Self-propelled howitzer 1996 Iran Based on 2S1 Gvozdika
Raad 2 Self-propelled howitzer 1997 Iran Based on M109
M-109 Self-propelled howitzer 180 USA
M-1978 Self-propelled howitzer 20 North Korea
M-107 Self-propelled howitzer 30 USA
M-110 Self-propelled howitzer 30 USA
Fajr-3 MRLS 10 1994 Iran
Fajr-5 MRLS 1990s Iran
BM-21 Grad MRLS 100 1978 USSR
122mm Hadid/Azrash/Nur MRLS 50 1994 Iran Domestic BM-21 developments?

SPA Reference:[25]

Surface-to-surface missiles

This refers to ballistic missiles and not battlefield systems. Iran's missile forces are under the command of the Revolutionary Guards, under the army's authority.
Additional information is available at Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution who operate Iran's long-range missiles. Iran was reported to have purchased 18 mobile 3,200-4,000 km Musudan missiles (the extended range version of Soviet R-27 Zyb) in 2005.[45]

Anti ship missiles

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Kowsar 1/2/3 Anti-ship missile Iran Light ASCM based on Chinese C-701 and TL-10 [46]
Nasr-1 Anti ship missile Iran Light ASCM based on Chinese C-705 and TL-6 [46]
Noor Anti-ship missile Iran ASCM based on Chinese C-801 and C-802
Ra'ad Anti-ship missile Iran Iranian origin Heavy ASCM similar to Chinese C-401[47]
Qader Anti ship missile Iran [48]
Khalij Fars Anti-ship ballistic missile Iran Based on Fateh-110[49][50]
Zafar Anti-ship missile Iran Light ASCM for IRGC navy[51]

Anti ship missiles Reference 1:[2] Anti ship missiles Reference 2:[52]

Battlefield missile systems

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Tondar-69 Rocket artillery Iran
Oghab Rocket artillery 1985–present Iran
Naze'at Rocket artillery Iran
Zelzal Tactical ballistic missile Iran [53]
Fateh-110 Tactical ballistic missile 2002–present Iran [54]

Battlefield missile systems Reference 1:[25] Battlefield missile systems Reference 2:[52]

Air defence missile systems

Army aviation

The Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation (IRIAA) is the air arm of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army. It is not known how much of this inventory is actually operational.

A CH-47C Chinook of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation.

Aircraft Type Versions In service

(Flight Global)[55]

In service

(Global Security[25] and IISS[2])

Bell 206 JetRanger utility helicopter AB 206A
Shabaviz 2061
3 10 built by Agusta and Panha
Bell 204/205 utility helicopter AB 205A
Shabaviz 2-75
68+ built by Agusta and Panha
Bell 214 medium-lift transport helicopter 214A 50
Mi-17/Mi-171sh transport helicopter Mi-17
Bell AH-1J Sea Cobra attack helicopter AH-1J
Panha 2091
6 50 Model 2091 upgrade by Panha
Toofan attack helicopter
Boeing CH-47 Chinook Heavy-lift transport helicopter CH-47C 15 20 built by Agusta
Dassault Falcon 20 VIP transport Falcon 20E 25 1
Aero Commander utility transport 690 5 4
Fokker F27 Friendship tactical transport F27-400M
2 2

Unmanned aerial vehicles

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Sofreh Mahi Stealth UCAV Iran Under development
Karrar (UCAV) UCAV 2010 Iran [56][57]
Ababil UAV Iran [58]
Mohajer I/II/III/IV UAV Iran [2][59]
Raad 85 UAV Iran Suicide drone[59]
Ra'ad UAV Iran With offensive capabilities[60][61]
Nazir UAV Iran [60][61]
Hod Hod UAV Iran [62]
Saeghe Target Drone Iran [63]
MQM-107 Target Drone USA [57]
Yasir UAV Iran [59][64]

Other equipment

  • Gas masks
  • Bullet Proof Vests (used by specialized units and some army divisions, not yet standard issue)

See also


  1. "{title}". 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 IISS Military Balance 2012, p.324-325
  3. "Iran’s RPG Surprise". Defense Industry Daily. 23 December 2005. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  4. "Saghegh". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  5. "{title}". 
  6. -دهلاویه-عکس
  7. "Weapon". Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  8. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  9. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  10. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  11. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  12. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  13. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  15. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  16. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  17. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  18. "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". 
  19. Binnie, Jeremy (February 7, 2018). "Iran's Mohajer 6 armed UAV goes into production". Jane's Information Group. "Video footage was also released showing a Mohajer 6 using a Qaem 1 to accurately hit a target that was floating in the sea, apparently in the Indian Ocean off Konarak." 
  20. "Iran says starts production of two new missiles" (in en-GB). 2010-02-06. 
  21. Лямин, Юрий (20 July 2017). "Иранская экспозиция на МАКС-2017. Часть.1". 
  22.[dead link]
  23. "عکس خبری / افتتاح خط تولید و تحویل انبوه سامانه ضدزره دهلاویه". خبرگزاری مهر. Retrieved 13 November 2014. 
  24. Iran unveils Pirooz new anti-tank guided missile carrier vehicle at IQDEX defense exhibition in Iraq Archived 2017-03-13 at the Wayback Machine. -, 12 March 2017
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named
  26. SIPRI Arms Transfers Database
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 Iranian army
  28. "22 September 2004: Parade in Tehran". Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  29. 29.0 29.1 "Iran Iranian Army Military vehicle armoured Equipment - Equipements militaires blindés armée Iran Iranienne". army recognition. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2012-15-01. 
  35. 35.0 35.1
  38. 38.0 38.1
  39. 39.0 39.1
  42. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named
  43. 43.0 43.1!/2013/04/iran-military-day-2013-2.html
  44. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DIO Armament production
  45. "Iran acquires ballistic missiles from DPRK, 29 December 2005". Janes Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on October 22, 2006. Retrieved 12 November 2007. 
  46. 46.0 46.1
  52. 52.0 52.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Iran's Missile and Rocket production
  54. "Fateh A-110". MissileThreat. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  55. World Air Forces 2013 -, pg 18, December 11, 2012
  57. 57.0 57.1
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2
  60. 60.0 60.1
  61. 61.0 61.1

External links

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