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Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945
File:Cover of Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, Volume II.jpg
Cover art of Volume II of the Encyclopedia
Editor Geoffrey P. Megargee
Country United States
Language English
Genre History
Holocaust studies
Publisher Indiana University Press
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Publication date 2009 (Volume I)
2012 (Volume II)
2018 (Volume III)
Media type Print
Awards 2009 National Jewish Book Award

Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945 is a seven-part encyclopedia series that explores the history of the concentration camps and the ghettos in the occupied Europe during the Nazi era. The series is produced by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) and published by the Indiana University Press.

Publication history

The work on the series began in 2000 by the researchers at the USHMM's Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies. Its general editor and project directory is the American historian Geoffrey P. Megargee. As of 2017, two volumes have been issued, with the third being planned for 2018.[1] Volume I covers the early camps that the SS and the police set up in the first year of the Nazi regime, and the camps ran by the SS Economic Administration Main Office and their numerous sub-camps. The volume contains 1,100 entries written by 150 contributors.[2] The historians Template:Interlanguage link and Joseph Robert White provide the introduction to the camp system, its operation and evolution. The bulk of the volume is dedicated to cataloguing the camps, including locations, duration of operation, purpose, perpetrators and victims.[3] Volume II is dedicated to the ghettos in German-occupied Eastern Europe and was published in 2012.[4]


A review in the German Studies Review finds that:[3]

The USHMM Encyclopedia is a highly significant and overdue synthesis of existing documentary studies and specialized knowledge on the history and profile of Nazi concentration camps. (...) The entries themselves are potentially illuminating for historical and social research: not only do they attempt to answer empirical questions of scale, individual involvement, and the impact of concentration camps on victims, but they also provide ways to approach the camp-system monolith, e.g., in interpreting its clustered locations of persecution as expressions of geographies of power, social relations, and communities of genocidal knowledge.


  • 2009 National Jewish Book Award in the Holocaust category.[5]


  • Volume I: Early Camps, Youth Camps, and Concentration Camps and Subcamps under the SS-Business Administration Main Office (WVHA), 2009, ISBN 978-0-253-35328-3
  • Volume II: Ghettos in German-Occupied Eastern Europe, 2012, ISBN 978-0-253-00202-0
  • Volume III: Camps and Ghettos under European Regimes Aligned with Nazi Germany, 2018, ISBN 978-0-253-02386-5


External links

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