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Encirclement Campaigns refers to campaigns launched by forces of the Chinese Nationalist Government against forces of the Communist Party of China during the Chinese Civil War. The campaigns were launched between the late 1920s to the mid-1930s with the goal of isolating and destroying the developing Chinese Red Army. The Nationalist forces launched encirclement campaigns against Communist bases in several separate locations in the Republic of China.

Encirclement Campaigns by location

First Encirclement Campaigns

Second Encirclement Campaigns

Third Encirclement Campaigns

Fourth Encirclement Campaigns

Fifth Encirclement Campaigns


The first four Encirclement Campaigns of the Chinese Nationalists military were unsuccessful. However, with the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany in 1933, and the subsequent close cooperation between the Nazi Germany and the Republic of China, the nationalists succeeded in the final 5th campaign which led directly to the famous Long March of the Communist Red Armies.

See also


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