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Elisabeth Lupka (27 October 1902 – 8 January 1949) was a Nazi female guard at two camps during World War II.

Lupka was born in Klein-Damner, Germany (present-day Dąbrówka Mała, Lubusz Voivodeship, Poland). She married in 1934, had no children and soon divorced. In 1937 she went to Berlin to work in an aircraft factory.

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In 1942 she left her menial job as a laborer and came to Ravensbrück to undergo training as a camp guard. Lupka graduated and later became an Aufseherin over several work details. In March 1943, she was assigned to the Nazi German Auschwitz-Birkenau camp in Nazi-German Occupied Poland as an Aufseherin then as a Blockfǖhrerin (Block Overseer), where she physically beat many prisoners with a whip and selected many others for the gas chambers. She stayed in the camp until its last evacuations in early January 1945 and accompanied a death march to Loslau. She returned to Ravensbrück later that same month.

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On 6 June 1945, Lupka was arrested by Allied troops and sent to an internment camp. Two years later, on 6 July 1948, after a long investigation, she appeared at a Kraków court for war crimes, mainly the maltreatment of prisoners and her involvement in selections of inmates to the gas chambers. She was found guilty, and hanged, on 8 January 1949, in Montelupich prison in Kraków. She was 46 years old. Her corpse was later sent to Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland for use by medical students.

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