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Einar af Wirsén
af Wirsén, circa 1897
Sweden's Envoy to Romania

In office
26 September 1921 – 5 November 1924
Preceded by Joachim Beck-Friis
Succeeded by Jonas Alströmer
Sweden's Envoy to Greece

In office
26 September 1921 – 5 November 1924
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Jonas Alströmer
Sweden's Envoy to Yugoslavia

In office
26 September 1921 – 5 November 1924
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Jonas Alströmer
Sweden's Envoy to Germany

In office
26 September 1925 – 1937
Preceded by Fredrik Ramel
Succeeded by Arvid Richert
Sweden's Envoy to Italy

In office
1937–1940
Preceded by Erik Sjöborg
Succeeded by Hans Gustaf Beck-Friis
Personal details
Born Carl Einar Thure af Wirsén
(1875-04-20)20 April 1875
Uppsala, Sweden
Died 5 January 1946(1946-01-05) (aged 70)
Resting place Uppsala old cemetery
Nationality Swedish
Occupation Diplomat, writer, soldier
Military service
Allegiance Sweden
Service/branch Swedish Army
Years of service 1895–1914, 1917–1920
Rank Major
Unit Svea Life Guards

Carl Einar Thure af Wirsén (20 April 1875 – 5 January 1946) was a Swedish Army officer, diplomat and writer. Originally an officer, he was sent into the diplomatic service after World War I and served as a military attaché in Constantinople and Sofia where he witnessed the Armenian Genocide.[1] From the Ottoman Empire and the Balkans, af Wirsén came to Poland and witnessed the country's resurrection.[2] After serving in London, Reval and Riga, he was sent as envoy to Bucharest, Athens and Belgrade in 1921. After working in the Mosul Commission, af Wirsén was sent to Berlin, where he would stay for the next 12 years as envoy. Finally he was envoy in Rome for three years before retiring in 1940.

Career[]

Einar af Wirsén was born in Uppsala, Sweden, the son of poet and literary critic Carl David af Wirsén and Cecilia Emerentia Leontina (née Adlöf).[3] He became a volunteer in the Svea Life Guards in 1891, passed mogenhetsexamen in 1893 and was promoted to sergeant in 1894. af Wirsén enrolled at the Royal Military Academy on 16 August 1894, was promoted to fanjunkare in 1895 and graduated from the Royal Military Academy on 20 November the same year.[4]

af Wirsén became a second lieutenant in the Svea Life Guards in 1895, was promoted to lieutenant in 1897 and attended the Royal Swedish Army Staff College from 1900 to 1902. He was appointed attaché in 1903 and was an aspirant at the General Staff from 1904 to 1906. He was promoted to captain in the Svea Life Guards in 1909. af Wirsén served on the General Staff from 1910 to 1914.[4] He became a teacher at the Royal Swedish Army Staff College in 1911 and was then military attaché in Constantinople and Sofia from 1915 to 1920.[5] Whilst in Constantinople and Sofia, he witnessed the Armenian Genocide[1] along with the military operations in the Dardanelles in 1915–16 and the military operations in Macedonia in 1918.[6] af Wirsén was promoted to major in the Swedish Army in 1917 and major in the Göta Life Guards in 1920.[5]

He was acting extra second legation secretary in Warsaw from 15 January to 31 March 1921 and was appointed acting extra first legation secretary at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs on 8 April the same year.[4] af Wirsén was acting first legation secretary in London from 28 April to 2 July 1921 and was appointed acting chargé d'affaires in Reval and Riga on 24 June 1921. He was appointed envoy in Bucharest, Athens and Belgrade (accredited from Bucharest) on 26 September 1921, staying in this position until the 5 November 1924 when he took a leave of absence.[4]

af Wirsén was, from 1924 to 1925, the president of the League of Nations Council-appointed investigation commission for the submission of proposals for the border between Turkey and Iraq (the Mosul Commission) and had a significant share in its thorough report, which formed the basis for the Council decision.[7] af Wirsén served his mission in a very satisfactory manner, and skilfully preserved the integrity of the commission, including in relation to quite tangible British pressure.[8] He was then appointed an envoy in Berlin on 26 September 1925 and became major in the Svea Life Guards reserve on 8 January 1926.[4] He stayed at his post in Berlin until 1937 and then became an envoy in Rome from 1937 to 1940.[5]

Personal life[]

On 26 January 1910 he married Jeanne Maria Käthie Ingeldi (25 July 1881 in Kristinehamn – 21 December 1920 in Montreux). On 1 February 1922 in Engelbrekt Church, Stockholm he married his cousin's daughter Ebba Elsa Cecilia Hildebrand (5 April 1903 – 26 September 1991; both in Stockholm), the daughter of chairman of the board of the Swedish National Debt Office, Karl Emil Hildebrand and Elisabet af Geijerstam. af Wirsén had three daughters;[3][4]

  • Käthie Madeleine Carola Cecilia (married Landenius) (18 May 1912 in Stockholm – 26 September 1996)[4][9]
  • Ulla Elisabet (born 11 October 1922 in Sinaia, Romania – 9 September 1976)[4][9]
  • Diane Augusta (born 21 April 1935 in Berlin)[4]

Einar af Wirsén died on 5 January 1946 and was buried 15 days later in Uppsala old cemetery in his hometown.[9]

Awards and decorations[]

af Wirsén's awards:[4][5]

Bibliography[]

  • Wirsén, Einar af (1943) (in Swedish). Från Balkan till Berlin. Stockholm: Bonnier. 1456246. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1943) (in Swedish). Finlands framtid. Stockholm: Inapress. 1239741. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1942) (in Swedish). Minnen från fred och krig. Stockholm: Bonnier. 603577. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1942) (in Swedish). Ryska problem. Stockholm: Bonnier. 1456247. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1942) (in Swedish). Funderingar om Ryssland. Gothenburg. 3181839. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af; Teleki von Szék, Pàl; Paulis, A. (1925) (in French). Question de la frontière entre la Turquie et l'Irak: rapport présenté au Conseil par la Commission constituée en vertu de la résolution du 30 septembre 1924. [Geneva]. 3181841. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1915) (in Swedish). Första världskrigsåret: en återblick. Stockholm: Norstedt. 1641651. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1914) (in Swedish). Härordningsfrågans hufvudpunkt: ett inlägg i diskussionen om infanteriets utbildningstid. Stockholm: Komiterade för Sveriges försvarsföreningar. 1641652. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1914) (in Swedish). Slaget vid Amiens den 27 november 1870 och händelserna omedelbart efter slaget. Stockholm. 3181840. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1914) (in Swedish). Mål och medel för infanteriets utbildning. Gothenburg. 1641653. 
  • Keith (pseudonym) (1914) (in Swedish). Kan frågan om infanteriets utbildningstid utbrytas ur härordningsfrågan i öfrigt?. Stockholm. 3125863. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1911) (in Swedish). Cavour: med 5 bilder. Stockholm. 3181838. 
  • Keith (pseudonym) (1911) (in Swedish). Den svenska folkhären (1st ed.). Stockholm: Norstedt. 1635468. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1909) (in Swedish). Balkanfolken och stormakterna: historiskt politiska orientstudier. Uppsala: Akademiska bokförl.. 1619072. 
  • Wirsén, Einar af (1908) (in Swedish). Sjötransporter, landstigningar och kustförsvar: några erfarenheter från en samöfning mellan fälttrupper, flotta och landstorm i Italien : Föredrag. Stockholm: Norstedt. 1619073. 

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Avedian, Vahagn (2008). The Armenian genocide 1915: from a neutral small state's perspective: Sweden. Uppsala: Department of History, Uppsala University. pp. 27–28. 11279244. http://www.armenica.org/material/master_thesis_vahagn_avedian.pdf. 
  2. Enander, Bo (1942). "Diplomatminnen". In Svensson, George (in Swedish). Bonniers litterära magasin 1942. Stockholm: Bonnier. p. 737. 8257338. http://runeberg.org/blm/1942/0753.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 C:son Lewenhaupt, Claës, ed (1922) (in Swedish). Sveriges ridderskaps och adels kalender 1923. 46. Stockholm: Albert Bonnier. pp. 1363–1364. 10034286. http://runeberg.org/adelskal/1923/1369.html. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 "Carl Einar Ture" (in Swedish). Adelsvapen. https://www.adelsvapen.com/genealogi/Af_Wirs%C3%A9n_nr_2221#TAB_5. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Harnesk, Paul, ed (1945) (in Swedish). Vem är vem?. D. 1, Stockholmsdelen. Stockholm: Vem är vem bokförlag. p. 984. http://runeberg.org/vemarvem/sthlm45/1000.html. 
  6. Westrin, Th., ed (1921) (in Swedish). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. 32 (New, rev. and richly ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl.. p. 786. 8072220. http://runeberg.org/nfcl/0417.html. 
  7. Westrin, Theodor, ed (1926) (in Swedish). Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. 38 (New, rev. and richly ill. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl.. pp. 1251–1252. 8072220. http://runeberg.org/nfcr/0672.html. 
  8. Enander, Bo (1943). "Från Balkan till Berlin". In Svensson, George (in Swedish). Bonniers litterära magasin 1943. Stockholm: Bonnier. p. 452. 8257338. http://runeberg.org/blm/1944/0468.html. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "af Wirsen, Carl Einar Thure" (in Swedish). Svenskagravar.se. http://svenskagravar.se/gravsatt/36274075. 
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Joachim Beck-Friis
Envoy of Sweden to Romania
1921–1924
Succeeded by
Jonas Alströmer
Preceded by
None
Envoy of Sweden to Greece
1921–1924
Succeeded by
Jonas Alströmer
Preceded by
None
Envoy of Sweden to Yugoslavia
1921–1924
Succeeded by
Jonas Alströmer
Preceded by
Fredrik Ramel
Envoy of Sweden to Germany
1925–1937
Succeeded by
Arvid Richert
Preceded by
Erik Sjöborg
Envoy of Sweden to Italy
1937–1940
Succeeded by
Hans Gustaf Beck-Friis

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