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Eighth Army
Active 1917 – November 13, 1918[1]
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Field Army
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Sinai and Palestine Campaign (World War I)
Battle of Megiddo
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Friedrich Kress von Kressenstein (October 2 – December 2, 1917)
Cevat Pasha (December 2, 1917 – November 3, 1918[2])

The Eighth Army of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Sekizinci Ordu) was one of the field armies of the Ottoman Army. It was established during World War I.

World War I

On 2 October 1917, Enver Pasha activated the new Eighth Army, commanded by Kress von Kressenstein, and deployed it along with the Seventh Army, commanded by Mustafa Kemal to the Yildirim Army Group, commanded by Erich von Falkenhayn.[3]

Order of Battle, January 1918

In January 1918, the army was structured as follows:[3]

Order of Battle, September 1918

In September 1918, the army was structured as follows:[4]

  • Eighth Army, (Ferik Cevat Pasha)
    • XXII Corps
      • 7th Division, 20th Division
    • Left Wing Group (Colonel Gustav von Oppen)
    • 2nd Caucasian Cavalry Division

After Mudros

Order of Battle, November 1918

In November 1918, the army was structured as follows:[5]

Sources

  1. Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918-1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 30. (Turkish)
  2. T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 23. (Turkish)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 171. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Erickson181" defined multiple times with different content
  4. Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 197.
  5. Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.

External links

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