Military Wiki
Sir Edward Gent
High Commissioner for Malaya

In office
1 February 1948 – 4 July 1948
Succeeded by Sir Henry Gurney
Governor of the Malayan Union

In office
1 April 1946 – 30 January 1948
Personal details
Born Gerard Edward James Gent
(1895-10-28)October 28, 1895
Kingston, UK
Died July 4, 1948(1948-07-04) (aged 52) (age 52)
Ruislip, Middlesex, UK
Spouse(s) Guendolen Mary Wyeth

Sir Gerard Edward James Gent KCMG DSO OBE MC (28 October 1895 – 4 July 1948) was the first appointed Governor of the Malayan Union in 1946.


Gent was born in 1895 was the son of John Gent (1844–1927) and Harriet Frankland Randall. His original name was Gerard Edward James Gent, but he changed it to Edward James Gent, the reasons for which were unknown. He was educated at The King's School, Canterbury, and Trinity College, Oxford.

Gent married Guendolen Mary Wyeth in 1923, and they had four children, Marcus James Gent, Gerard Nicholas Gent, Ann Monica Gent and Janice Mary Gent.

Military career

Gent served with the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry in the First World War in Flanders and Italy. He was wounded twice and was awarded the Military Cross in 1917 and the Distinguished Service Order in 1919.

Diplomatic career

He was the first appointed Governor of the Malayan Union, Sir Edward also became the first Colonial Administrator to discuss openly to form a better government for the future of Malaya, where later the Federation of Malaya was established. He was an instrumental figure in the formation of the Malayan Union which was established on 1 April 1946 in Kuala Lumpur, and the first Governor of the Malayan Union.

When Malaysia achieved independence (Merdeka) from the United Kingdom, his widow Lady Gent, together with Lady Gurney, were invited to the ceremony as guests of honour.

Malayan Emergency

Signature of the Federation of Malaya Agreement, 1948, and the State Agreements, at King's House, Kuala Lumpur, on Wednesday 21 January 1948

Gent remained as the High Commissioner for Malaya when the Malayan Union was dissolved and replaced by the Federation of Malaya. But he did not remain at his post for long. He was sacked by the Colonial Office and recalled to London on 29 June 1948 at the onset of the Malayan Emergency after Malcolm MacDonald, the British Commissioner-General for Southeast Asia, lobbied Whitehall.[1] Gent disbelieved the communists were of any threat and refused to act. When the communists first launched its attacks on Malayan rubber estates, Gent on 16 June declared emergency in parts of Perak and Johor only, much to the rubber planters' disappointment whom demanded for a nationwide declaration. Gent was only forced to widen the declaration to the whole of Malaya the next day when the $3 wrote "Govern or Get Out" on its front page and thus galvanising public sentiment against him.[2]


Gent was returning to the United Kingdom in an Avro York transport aircraft of the Royal Air Force when it collided with a Douglas DC-6 of Scandinavian Airlines System near Northwood, north London, a week after he was recalled to London.[3]

Preceded by
Post created
Governor of the Malayan Union
Succeeded by
Post abolished
Preceded by
Sir Shenton Thomas
British High Commissioner in Malaya
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Gurney


  1. Barber, Noel (1971). The War of the Running Dogs. Cassell. p. 48. 
  2. Barber, Noel (1971). The War of the Running Dogs. Cassell. p. 30. 
  3. Barber, Noel (1971). The War of the Running Dogs. Cassell. p. 49. 


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