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Edward Blaine Kinzer
Born (1917-08-22)August 22, 1917
Died May 8, 1942(1942-05-08) (aged 24)
Place of birth Rock, West Virginia
Place of death Coral Sea
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Naval Reserve
Years of service 1941–1942
Rank Ensign
Unit Scouting Squadron 5
Battles/wars World War II
*Battle of the Coral Sea
Awards Navy Cross

Edward B. Kinzer (1917–1942) was a United States Navy officer who received the Navy Cross posthumously for his actions in combat during World War II.

Naval career

Edward Blaine Kinzer was born in Rock, West Virginia, on 22 August 1917. He enlisted in the United States Naval Reserve on 26 February 1941, was appointed Aviation Cadet on 3 April 1941, and was commissioned as an ensign on 20 October 1941. On 12 November 1941 he was assigned to Scouting Squadron 5 on board the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown (CV-5) as a Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber pilot.

Considered an aggressive and skillful pilot, Kinzer flew with Scouting Squadron 5 in the Battle of the Coral Sea during World War II. He contributed materially to the sinking or damaging of eight Japanese vessels in Tulagi Harbor on 4 May 1942 and the sinking of the Japanese aircraft carrier Shōhō on 7 May 1942. On 8 May 1942, while piloting his dive bomber on anti-torpedo plane patrol during the battle, he died while fiercely engaging "the continued attack of enemy bombing and torpedo planes and their fighter support."[1]

Awards

Kinzer was awarded the Navy Cross posthumously for extraordinary heroism and extreme disregard of his own personal safety during the Battle of Coral Sea.

Namesake

The U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Kinzer (DE-232) was named for Ensign Kinzer. After she was launched in 1943, she was converted into the fast transport USS Kinzer (APD-91), and was in commission as such from 1944 to 1946.

Notes

  1. This quote, from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships (at http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/k4/kinzer.htm) is unattributed.

References

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