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Sir Edward Barnes
Born 1776
Died March 19, 1838(1838-03-19) (aged 61 or 62)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Indian Army
Battles/wars Peninsular War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Lieutenant General Sir Edward Barnes, GCB (1776 – 19 March 1838) was a British soldier who became governor of Ceylon.

Military career

Barnes joined the 47th Regiment of Foot in 1792, and quickly rose to field rank. He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in 1807, serving in the Invasion of Martinique in 1809, and colonel in 1810. Two years later, he served on Wellington's staff in the Peninsular War. His services in this capacity gained him further promotion; as a major-general, he led a brigade in the Battle of Vitoria and the Pyrenean battles. He was awarded the Gold Cross and three clasps for his Peninsula service. Barnes served in the campaign of 1815 as adjutant-general, and was wounded at Waterloo. Already a K.C.B., he received the Austrian Order of Maria Theresa, and the Russian Order of St Anne. [1]

In 1819, his connection with Ceylon began. Lieutenant-General Barnes was acting governor of Ceylon from 1 February 1820 to 2 February 1822, succeeding Robert Brownrigg. He was governor of Ceylon from 18 January 1824 to 13 October 1831, succeeded by Robert Wilmot-Horton (1784–1841, governor 13 October to 23 October 1831). He directed the construction of the great military road between Colombo and Kandy, and of many other lines of communication, made the first census of the population, and introduced coffee cultivation based on the West Indian system (1824). In 1831, he received the G.C.B.. From 1832 to 1833, he was commander in-chief in India, with the local rank of general. [1]

On his return home, he stood for Parliament as Conservative candidate for Sudbury at a by-election in 1834. The votes between the two candidates were tied, and the returning officer gave Barnes his casting vote and declared him elected; however, his opponent petitioned against the outcome, denying that the returning officer had the right to a casting vote, and the issue had not been resolved before Parliament was dissolved. At the 1835 general election, Barnes was narrowly defeated, but he finally became MP for Sudbury at the third attempt in 1837;[2] however, he died in the following year.[1]

Sir Edward Barnes' portrait was painted, for Ceylon, by John Wood, and a memorial statue was erected in Colombo.

See also

  • Raj Bhavan (Himachal Pradesh), originally known as the Barnes' Court after Edward Barnes[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Chisholm 1911.
  2. F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  3. Gillian Wright (1 August 1991). Hill stations of India. Odyssey. p. 101. ISBN 978-962-217-137-4. http://books.google.com/books?id=4eYvAQAAIAAJ. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
Attribution

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911) "Barnes, Sir Edward" Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.) Cambridge University Press 

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Robert Brownrigg
Governor of Ceylon, acting
1820–1822
Succeeded by
Edward Paget
Preceded by
James Campbell, acting
Governor of Ceylon
1824–1831
Succeeded by
John Wilson, acting
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir John Benn Walsh, Bt
Michael Angelo Taylor
Member of Parliament for Sudbury
1834–1835
With: Sir John Benn Walsh, Bt
Succeeded by
John Bagshaw
Benjamin Smith
Preceded by
John Bagshaw
Benjamin Smith
Member of Parliament for Sudbury
1837–1838
Succeeded by
Joseph Bailey
Sir John Benn Walsh, Bt
Military offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Dalhousie
Commander-in-Chief, India
1832–1833
Succeeded by
The Lord William Bentinck

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