Military Wiki
Eduard Crasemann
Born (1891-03-05)5 March 1891
Died 29 April 1950(1950-04-29) (aged 59)
Place of birth Hamburg
Place of death Werl
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1919)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1910–1919
Rank General der Artillerie
Commands held 15. Panzer-Division
26. Panzer-Division
XII. SS Armeekorps

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Eduard Crasemann (5 March 1891 – 29 April 1950) was a highly decorated General der Artillerie in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several divisions. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. General der Artillerie Crasemann was captured by British troops in the Ruhr Pocket. In 1947 he was convicted for war crimes by a British court in Padua, on a charge of complicity with the mass execution of 175 Italian civilians in the Fucecchio Marshes near Florence on 23 August 1944.[1] Sentenced to 10 years, he spent the rest of his life in prison.

Awards and decorations


  1. Samuel Mitcham, Rommel's Lieutenants: the Men who Served the Desert Fox, p. 121 (2007).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Thomas 1997, p. 104.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 132.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 78.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) (in German). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches]. Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007) (in German). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives]. Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1997) (in German). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K]. Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalmajor Gustav von Vaerst
acting commander of 15. Panzer-Division
26 May 1942 – 15 July 1942
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Heinz von Randow
Preceded by
Oberst Dr. rer. pol. Dr. jur. Hans Boelsen
Commander of 26. Panzer-Division
6 July 1944 – 18 July 1944
Succeeded by
Oberst Carl Stollbrock

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