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Edric William Broadberry
Born (1894-12-14)December 14, 1894
Died December 26, 1967(1967-12-26) (aged 73)
Place of birth Middlesex, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Aviation
Years of service 1914–1947
Rank Group Captain
Unit No. 56 Squadron RFC
Awards Military Cross
Other work Technical Branch of Royal Air Force

Captain Edric William Broadberry began his military career during World War I. During that conflict, he would become a flying ace credited with eight confirmed aerial victories. He remained in service throughout World War II, and served his nation for 33 years, not retiring until 1947.

Early life

Edric William Broadberry was born on 14 December 1894.[1] in Middlesex, England.[2] He was the son of Arthur Edward Broadbery, gas works manager of Southend and later Tottenham and Amy Lucy Dubois, and the grandson of William Henry Hague Broadberry, a gas engineer, originally of North Collingham, Nottinghamshire.

World War I

Broadberry's initial military service was with the Essex Regiment in the Gallipoli Campaign.[3] He had been raised to a temporary captaincy on 27 May 1914; on 16 March 1916, he surrendered his temporary captaincy upon leaving his posting within the regiment.[4] On 30 May 1916, he was promoted to captain.[5] He learned to fly at Aboukir, Egypt.[6]

On 8 November 1916, Broadberry was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps[7] as a Flying Officer.[8] He returned to England, and was posted to combat duty in France with 56 Squadron on 20 April 1917 as a Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a pilot. He scored his first aerial victory on 12 May 1917; he ran his tally to eight by 11 July. The following day, he was removed from action by being hit in the leg while being shot down.[9]

As a reward for his exploits, he was awarded the Military Cross on 1 January 1918.[10]

List of aerial victories

See also Aerial victory standards of World War I

Confirmed victories are numbered and listed chronologically. Unconfirmed victories are denoted by "u/c".

No. Date/time Aircraft Foe Result Location Notes
1 12 May 1917 @ 0845 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a serial number A8903 Albatros D.III Destroyed East of Lens Victory shared with Gerald J. C. Maxwell
2 20 May 1917 @ 1410 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8903 Albatros D.III Driven down out of control Guesnain, France
3 23 May 1917 between 1900 and 1015 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8903 Albatros D.III Driven down out of control Aubigny, France Victory shared with Philip B. Prothero
4 26 May 1917 @ 1930 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8903 German two-seater Driven down out of control Gouy-sous-Bellonne, France
5 27 May 1917 between 1900 and 2000 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8903 Albatros D.III Driven down out of control East of Bugnicourt
6 7 June 1917 between 0850 and 0940 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8918 German two-seater Destroyed Poelcappelle, France
7 7 June 1917 between 0850 and 0940 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8918 German two-seater Driven down out of control Ledegem, Belgium
8 11 July 1917 @ 1930 hours Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5a s/n A8918 German two-seater Driven down out of control Houthulst Wood, Belgium
u/c 11 July 1917[11]

Post World War I

Broadberry remained in the newly formed Royal Air Force after the First World War and made a career of it. On 1 August 1919, he granted a permanent commission in the reorganized Royal Air Force as a Flying Officer.[12]

Quite some years of his career passed unnoticed; however, in 1936, he was a Squadron Leader at the Air Observers School at North Coates.[13] On 1 April 1937, he was promoted from Squadron Leader to Wing Commander.[14]

On 24 April 1940, in the early stages of World War II, Wing Commander Broadberry transferred duty to the Technical Branch of the RAF.[15] On 1 December 1941, he was promoted to temporary Group Captain.[16] His temporary appointment as Group Captain did not cease until well after war's end, on 1 November 1947.[17] On 21 December 1947, Wing Commander E. W. Broadberry retired, keeping the rank of Group Captain in his retirement.[18]

Edric William Broadberry died early on 26 December 1967.[19]

References

  • Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. Christopher F. Shores, Norman L. R. Franks, Russell Guest. Grub Street, 1990. ISBN 0-948817-19-4, ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9.
  • SE 5/5a Aces of World War I: Volume 78 of Aircraft of the Aces. Norman Franks. Osprey Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-84603-180-X, 9781846031809.

Endnotes

  1. Above the Trenches, p. 86.
  2. SE.5/SE.5a Aces of World War I, p. 12.
  3. Above the Trenches, p. 86.
  4. Supplement to the London Gazette, 17 May 1916, p. 4950. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29585/supplements/4950 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  5. Supplement to the London Gazette, 28 August 1916, p. 8491. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29726/supplements/8491 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  6. Above the Trenches, p. 86.
  7. Supplement to the London Gazette, 18 December 1916. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29869/supplements/12334 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  8. The London Gazette, 19 December 1916, p. 12344. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29870/pages/12344 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  9. Above the Trenches, p. 86.
  10. Supplement to the London Gazette, 1 January 1918, pp. 30, 32. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30450/supplements/30; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30450/supplements/32 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  11. Above the Trenches, p. 86.
  12. The London Gazette, 28 October 1919, pp. 13138, 13139. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31620/pages/13138; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31620/pages/13139 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  13. Above the Trenches, p. 86.
  14. The London Gazette, 2 April 1937, p. 2126. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/34385/pages/2126 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  15. The London Gazette, 14 February 1941, p. 902. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35076/pages/902 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  16. Supplement to the London Gazette, 16 December 1941, pp. 7110, 7112. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35383/supplements/7110; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/35383/supplements/7112 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  17. Supplement to the London Gazette, 25 November 1947. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/38131/supplements/5588 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  18. Supplement to the London Gazette, 23 December 1947, p. 6086. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/38153/supplements/6086 Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  19. Above the Trenches, p. 86.

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