Edmund W. Hill
April 26, 1896|
New London, Connecticut, USA
|Died||May 1, 1973(aged 77)|
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
Born in New London, Connecticut, Hill attended Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the United States Army's infantry on August 9, 1917, and promoted to first lieutenant on the same day. After serving in France during World War I, he was transferred to the Air Service on February 25, 1922.
He was a free and captive balloon pilot, flew dirigible airships and was an airplane pilot. In 1924, he was the pilot of the first airship to launch and pick up an airplane while in flight, at Wilbur Wright Field. His 1928 balloon licence (number 25; FAI number 930) was one of very few signed by Orville Wright, in his capacity as Chairman of the National Aeronautic Association's Contest Committee.
He was commander of Bolling Field in Washington DC from 1939-1941, then of U.S. Air Forces in Northern Ireland, and the Eighth Air Force Composite Command during World War II. He was in charge of air operations at the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. In 1944, he was U.S. Army Air Force commanding officer in charge of Post Hostilities planning for Europe.
The same year, he became head of the Air Section of the United States mission to Moscow, then served as commanding general, U.S. Air Force in the U.S.S.R. from December 1944 until May 1945.
His awards included the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, Bronze Star, and Air Medal. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire, awarded Legion d'honeur and Croix de Guerre with Palm.
- "MAJOR GENERAL EDMUND W. HILL". US Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-12-12. http://archive.is/1ZtQ. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Orville Wright signed 1928 Balloon Pilot's License discovered by America's History Detective". Heritage Collectors’ Society. 2012-04. http://www.heritagecs.com/1928_Balloon_Pilot_license.htm. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
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