|EADS Mako mockup at Paris Air Show June 1999|
The EADS Mako/High Energy Advanced Trainer (Mako/HEAT) was a high-performance jet training aircraft, intended for service with several European air forces. EADS proposed Mako for the Eurotrainer program. The program was the final result of the AT-2000 project.
Design and development
The Mako design featured a single aft-mounted jet engine, fed by 2 air intakes at the roots of the mid-fuselage-wing. The wing is trapezoidal with a sharp taper. The horizontal tail is an all-flying unit mounted close behind the wing and at nearly the same height. The retractable landing gear is a tricycle unit. The two occupants share a highly streamlined bubble canopy.
Subcontractors would have included Diehl Aerospace, Finmeccanica-Aermacchi, Saab, EAB and Dassault Aviation. Potential customers would have likely been Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Finland, Greece, Sweden, and the United Arab Emirates.
The intended engine was the General Electric F414M, which is a slightly derated version (at 75 kN) of the standard F414. The engine's final assembly might have been done by Volvo, as that company already assembles a version of the related GE F404/RM12 for Saab's Gripen fighter aircraft. EADS originally intended to use the Eurojet EJ200, but chose not to do so.
The Mako/HEAT was to be deployed at three shared bases around the continent of Europe, for use by all partner nations. There were nine candidate bases, in seven countries, but there was no final selection yet[update].
The Aermacchi M-346 trainer, also being proposed for Eurotrainer, made its maiden flight on July 15, 2004, and is being purchased by Italy, Singapore and Israel. As of 2015[update], EADS has yet to announce a date for the Mako's maiden flight. It is to all intents and purposes, defunct.
- Crew: 1, attack variant; 2, trainer
- Payload: 4,500 kg ()
- Length: 13.75 m (45.11 ft)
- Wingspan: 8.25 m (without wingtip missiles) (27.07 ft)
- Height: 4.5 m (14.76 ft)
- Wing area: 25.08 m² (271 ft²)
- Empty weight: 6200 kg (5800 in trainer variant) (13,668/12,787 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 13000 kg (28,660 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × General Electric F414M
- Dry thrust: 12,500 lbf (55.6 kN)
- Thrust with afterburner: 16,850 lbf (75 kN)
- Maximum speed: Mach 1.5 (1600 Km/h)
- Range: 2,000 NM (3700 km Ferry)
- Combat radius: 1300 km (800 mi, 732 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 15240 m (50,000ft)
- Guns: 1x 27 mm gun
- Hardpoints: 7 with a capacity of 4.500 kg
- Rockets: 4 pods
- Missiles: 4x AIM-9, IRIS-T or ASRAAM, AMRAAM, FMRAAM or Mica, 5x AGM-65 Maverick, 2x anti-ship missile
- Bombs: Up to 12x Mk.82, 8x Mk.83, 4x GBU 16, or 3x GBU 24
- Tutt, Nigel (2006-01-19). "Finmeccanica, Greece's HAI sign MoU to develop trainer aircraft". Forbes. AFX News. http://www.forbes.com/markets/feeds/afx/2006/01/19/afx2460749.html. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- EADS High Energy Advanced Trainer (HEAT)
- Air force technology page
- UAE chooses M-346 as advanced lead-in fighter trainer
- Italy Orders M346 Jet Trainers
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