E. W. Bliss Company

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E. W. Bliss Company
Industry Manufacturing
Founded Brooklyn, New York, United States (1885 (1885))
Founder(s) Eliphalet Williams Bliss
Headquarters Brooklyn, New York, United States
  • Machine tools
  • Munitions
E. W. Bliss Co. advertisement for the Blacksmith's Hammer & Swage Block 1892.jpg
E. W. Bliss Co. advertisement for the Blacksmith's Hammer & Swage Block, 1892
E. W. Bliss Co., Automatic Shearing Machine for Muck Bars 1894.jpg
The E. W. Bliss Co. Automatic Shearing Machine for Muck Bars, used in the manufacture of sheet metal. This machine required a single operator and was driven by a steam engine

The E. W. Bliss Company was a manufacturer of machine tools[1] founded by Eliphalet Williams Bliss. The company was based in Brooklyn, New York.


In 1867, Bliss formed a partnership with John Mays. Under the name of Mays & Bliss, they engaged in the machine press and die business. In 1871, Mays sold his share of the business to Bliss' cousin, J. H. Williams. Bliss later bought Williams' interest and conducted the business by himself.[2] In 1885, Eliphalet Williams Bliss, Anna M. Bliss, and William A. Porter, Frank M. Leavitt and Charles L. Hart incorporated the business with a capital of $100,000.00 divided into 4,000 shares of $25.00 each.[3] In 1890, the company was incorporated with a capital of $1,250,000, which was afterwards increased to $2,000,000. The company increased its holdings by buying out the business of the Stiles & Parker Press Company and the U. S. Projectile Company.[2] In December 1947, after 90 years, the Brooklyn plant was closed. Manufacturing facilities were then moved to Englewood, New Jersey, Hastings, MI, Toledo, Ohio, Canton, Ohio and Salem, Ohio. The last remaining E.W. Bliss Company facility was in Hastings, MI (now part of Bliss Clearing Niagara, owned by German company Schuler).

EW Bliss Company Torpedo Works ca 1910-1915.jpg
E. W. Bliss Company torpedo works, ca. 1910-1915


The company produced a line of special presses adapted for sheet metal work, power stamping machines, automobile parts, torpedoes, shrapnel and armor-piercing projectiles. Notable among these products were the Whitehead torpedo, the Bliss-Leavitt torpedo and the Bliss automobile.

Bliss obtained defense contracts for the manufacture of torpedoes, used by the US Navy, and munitions during the Spanish-American War, World War I and World War II.

Bliss machines were often huge and very heavy, powered by steam and were sold or used by the company itself to manufacture pressed metal products. These machine tools sported names such as "Automatic Muck Bar Shear", "Gang-Slitting Machine", "Double Seamer for Flat Bottoms Machine", "Double Crank Press", "Double Eccentric Press, Geared", "Reducing Press" and "Power Press No 18 on Short Legs".[3][4]


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