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Durandal-class destroyer
Hallebarde, a Durandal class destroyer
Hallebarde, a Durandal class destroyer
Class overview
Name: Durandal class
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: None
Succeeded by: Framée class
Built: 1899–1900
In commission: 1899–1921
Completed: 4
Lost: 1
Retired: 3
General characteristics [1]
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 296 long tons (301 t)
Length: 57.5 m (188 ft 8 in) o/a
Beam: 6.30 m (20 ft 8 in)
Draft: 3.17 m (10 ft 5 in)
Installed power: 2 water-tube boilers
4,800 ihp (3,600 kW)
Propulsion: 2 triple expansion engines
Speed: 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)
Complement: 52
Armament:
  • 1 × 65 mm (2.6 in) gun
  • 6 × 47 mm (1.9 in) guns
  • 2 × 15 in (380 mm) torpedo tubes

The Durandal class was a group of four destroyers built for the French Navy between 1896–1900, used during the First World War. These vessels were France's first true destroyers rather than torpedo boats. Two units were launched in 1899 while another two followed in 1900. These vessels, which were an enlarged derivative of the previous Filibustier-class torpedo boats,[2] resembled the Havock class of Great Britain.[3] Its hull had a turtleback bow to reduce water resistance,[4] with two masts and two funnels. The ships were powered by two triple expansion engines fed by water tube boilers, giving a speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph), and were armed by two torpedo tubes (with two reload torpedoes carried onboard[2]), a 65 mm and six 47 mm guns.[1]

The four destroyers were laid down between 1896 and 1897 and completed between 1899 and 1900.[1] Espingole struck a rock in the Bay of Cavalaire-sur-Mer off the South of France on 4 February 1903, which caused the ship to sink.[5] The three remaining destroyers served through the First World War, operating in both the English Channel and the Mediterranean Sea. They were sold for scrap in 1920–21.[6]

Ships

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Chesneau and Kolesnick 1979, p. 326.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Chesneau and Kolesnick, p. 323
  3. Osborne, p. 39
  4. Osborne, p. 186
  5. "A French Destroyer Sunk: The Crew Saved". 7 February 1903. p. 9. http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/14485699. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  6. Gardiner and Gray, p. 194

Bibliography

  • Caresse, Philippe (2013). "The Unlucky Destroyer Espignole". In Jordan, John. Warship 2013. London: Conway. ISBN 978-1-84486-205-4. 
  • Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5. 
  • Gardiner, Robert; Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Osborne, Eric W (2005). Destroyers - An Illustrated History of Their Impact. Santa Barbara, California, USA: ABC-Clio. ISBN 1-85109-479-2. 
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). "Classement par types". Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 2, 1870 - 2006. Toulon: Roche. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 

External links


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