|Driver Proficiency Badge (Wehrmacht)|
Kraftfahrbewährungsabzeichen (WW2 Memorial Museum) Svolvær, Norway 2019-05-08 DSC09822 (cropped).jpg|
Drivers badge in bronze, silver and gold
|Awarded by Nazi Germany|
|Eligibility||Drivers of military transport vehicles|
|Campaign||World War II|
|Description||Small badge worn on left forearm|
|Established||23 October 1942|
The Driver Proficiency Badge was established on 23 October 1942 to reward drivers of military transport vehicles, including trucks, cars and motorcycles, who served for specified periods in a war zone after 1 December 1940. Both service personnel and civilian drivers under Wehrmacht command could qualify, as could foreign volunteers, but not members of forces allied to Germany.
The requirement for the award was to have served since 1 December 1940 on the front line or in rear areas on the Balkan, North African and Eastern Fronts, with other areas added as the war progressed. The qualifying period depended on the type of vehicle driven. For the bronze badge this was:
- motorbike reconnaissance and dispatch riders: 90 days;
- supply vehicles supporting the front line: 120 days;
- other forms of military transport: 135 days.[lower-alpha 1]
The silver badge was awarded where these requirements were met for a second time; with the gold for a third time. The badge could be awarded for shorter periods where drivers faced particularly arduous conditions, or for special driving achievement. Awards were authorised by battalion commanders and above or, for civilians, by the Ministry of the Interior.
Design and wear
The badge consists of a laurel wreath, 44 mm high and 41mm wide, containing a depiction of a steering wheel. It was made from iron or zinc alloy, with the appropriate colour finish. Attached to a fabric base, it was sewn on the uniform jacket above the left cuff. Wear of Nazi era awards was banned in 1945. In 1957 the Driver Proficiency Badge was among the World War II decorations re-authorised for wear by qualifying veterans by the Federal Republic of Germany. While many awards were re-designed to remove the swastika, the original Driver Proficiency Badge could be worn unaltered as it did not bear this symbol.
- Figures from Littlejohn and Dodkins. Other sources differ as to the number of qualification days for each type of vehicle.
- Klietmann, Kurt-Gerhard (1981) (in de). Auszeichnungen des Deutschen Reiches. 1936–1945, 11 Auflage. Motorbuch, Stuttgart. ISBN 3-87943-689-4.
- Littlejohn, David; Dodkins, Colonel C. M. (1968). Orders, Decorations, Medals and Badges of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing, California. ISBN 978-0854200801.
- Michaelis, Rolf (2008) (in de). Deutsche Kriegsauszeichnungen 1939-1945 Heer - Waffen-SS - Polizei. Winkelried Verlag, Leisnig. ISBN 3930849313.
- Wehrmacht-awards.com: Driver Proficiency Badge
- Lexikon der Wehrmacht: Kraftfahrbewährungsabzeichen (In German)
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