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Dmitry Platonovich Onuprienko
Native name Дмитрий Платонович Онуприенко
Born 25 October 1906
Died 22 November 1977
Place of birth Shupyk village, Kanevsky Uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
Place of death Moscow, Soviet Union
Buried at Kuntsevo Cemetery
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch

Soviet Border Troops

Red Army
Years of service 1925–1957
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held

33rd Army
6th Guards Rifle Division
24th Rifle Corps
10th Mechanized Division
13th Rifle Corps
87th Rifle Corps

3rd Mountain Rifle Corps
Battles/wars

Winter War
World War II

Awards

Hero of the Soviet Union Order of Lenin (2)
Order of the Red Banner (5)
Order of Kutuzov 1st class
Order of Kutuzov 2nd class
Order of Suvorov 2nd class

Order of the Red Star

Dmitry Platonovich Onuprienko (Russian: Дмитрий Платонович Онуприенко; 25 October 1906 – 22 November 1977) was a Soviet Army lieutenant general and Hero of the Soviet Union. Onuprienko fought during World War II at the Battle of Moscow,[1] the Battle of Kursk and the Battle of Berlin. He commanded several corps after the war.[2][3][4]

Early life

Dmitry Onuprienko was born on 25 October 1906 in Shupyk village, Kanevsky Utezd in Kiev Governorate to a peasant family. In 1925, he graduated from seven grades and was drafted into the Red Army in September.[2][3][4]

Military service

Interwar

In 1928, Onuprienko graduated from the Kiev Military Infantry School.[4] He became an assistant outpost platoon commander of the Soviet Border Troops and then chief of the 23rd Border Detachment.[5] In 1930, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Between 1932 and 1935, he was a drill instructor in the 2nd Border Detachment. Onuprienko graduated from the Frunze Military Academy in 1938.[4] In November, he became senior assistant to the chief of the 1st Division of the educational institutions of the Main Directorate of Border and Internal Troops. In March 1939, he became deputy chief of NKVD Escort Troops.[2][3][5]

World War II

During the Winter War,[4] Onuprienko was deputy commander of an NKVD special unit. In March, he became the NKVD's deputy chief of operations. He became the chief of staff of the Moscow Military District in June.[6] In July, he was ordered to form the 33rd Army in the Kalinin Oblast from NKVD units and militia divisions. On 17 July, Onuprienko formed the headquarters and assumed command of the army,[7] which was positioned on the Mozhaysk defensive line. The army suffered heavy losses during the Battle of Vyazma during October,[8] and Onuprienko was demoted to deputy commander, being replaced by Mikhail Yefremov. Onuprienko was awarded the Order of the Red Banner on 2 January 1942. He fought in the Battle of Moscow until March 1942, when he was sent to study at the Higher Academic Courses at the Higher Military Academy.[2][3][5]

After graduation from them at the end of the year, he became chief of staff of the 3rd Reserve Army on the Kalinin Front and was promoted to major general on 7 December.[9] On 15 January 1943, he became the chief of staff of the 2nd Tank Army and fought in the Sevsk Offensive. On 28 June, he became the commander of the 6th Guards Rifle Division. He led the division during the Battle of Kursk, where it successfully defended Ponyri.[10] For his leadership at Kursk, Onuprienko was awarded the Order of the Red Banner on 14 July.[11] Onuprienko was awarded the Order of Suvorov 2nd class on 23 September 1943.[12] During the Chernigov-Pripyat Offensive, he organized the division's crossing of the Dnieper. On 30 September, the division crossed at the villages of Teremtsy and Verkhnye Zary. The advance elements of the division crossed the river and occupied a small bridgehead. German troops reportedly did not expect the crossing to take place in that area, but soon launched counterattacks. Elements of the division reportedly repulsed all of the counterattacks and then broke through the German line in the area between the Dnieper and the Pripyat River. The division then crossed the Pripyat, captured a bridgehead at Yampil and continued to attack to the west. On 16 October, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union[13] and the Order of Lenin for his actions during the offensive.[2][3][4][5]

Onuprienko continued to lead the division during the Battle of Kiev, the Zhitomir–Berdichev Offensive and the Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive. On 21 July 1944, he was awarded his third Order of the Red Banner.[14] In August, he became commander of the 24th Rifle Corps of the 13th Army. He led the corps during the rest of the Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive. On 3 November, Onuprienko was awarded the Order of the Red Star. In 1945, the corps fought in the Vistula–Oder Offensive and the Lower Silesian Offensive.[3][5] On 6 April, he was awarded the Order of Kutuzov 2nd class.[2][15]

Postwar

From 1945, he was the commander of the 10th Mechanized Division in the Carpathian Military District. On 27 June, he was promoted to lieutenant general and awarded the Order of Kutuzov 1st class.[16] He was awarded his fourth Order of the Red Banner on 6 November. Onuprienko was transferred to command the 13th Rifle Corps. He then became the commander of the 87th Rifle Corps. Onuprienko was awarded the Order of Lenin on 15 November 1950 for 25 years of service. In 1952, Onuprienko grauduated from higher academic courses at the Higher Military Academy. From 1953, he commanded the 3rd Mountain Rifle Corps.[9] On 26 October 1955, he was awarded his fifth Order of the Red Banner. In March 1957, he retired.[2][3][5]

Later life

After his retirement, Onuprienko lived in Moscow. He died on 22 November 1977 and was buried in Kuntsevo Cemetery.[2][3]

References

  1. Forczyk, Robert (2006-01-01). Moscow 1941: Hitler's First Defeat. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781846030178. https://books.google.com/books?id=DO6j77x5mlgC. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 "Онуприенко Дмитрий Платонович" (in Russian). http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=3621. Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 "Память народа: Боевой путь военачальника: Онуприенко, Дмитрий, Платонович, бриг. комиссар/генерал-майор" (in Russian). https://pamyat-naroda.ru/commander/873/. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Shkadov, I.N. (1988) (in Russian). Герои Советского Союза: Краткий биографический словарь. Moscow: Voenizdat. ISBN 5203005362. http://www.az-libr.ru/index.shtml?Persons&000/Src/0008/9f38af71. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 (in Russian) Великая Отечественная. Командармы. Военный биографический словарь.. Moscow: Kuchkovo Field. 2005. pp. 163–164. ISBN 5860901135. http://borovskold.ru/content.php?page=avnvfiaw_rus&id=10. 
  6. Glantz, David M. (2010-01-01). Barbarossa Derailed: The German advance to Smolensk, the encirclement battle, and the first and second Soviet counteroffensives, 10 July-24 August 1941. Casemate Publishers. ISBN 9781906033729. https://books.google.com/books?id=SDfInc6Gb40C. 
  7. Zetterling, Niklas; Frankson, Anders (2013-05-07). The Drive on Moscow, 1941. Open Road Media. ISBN 9781480406629. https://books.google.com/books?id=8vH8G_w4mUUC. 
  8. Lopukhovsky, Lev (2013-08-01). The Viaz'ma Catastrophe, 1941: The Red Army's Disastrous Stand against Operation Typhoon. Helion and Company. ISBN 9781908916501. https://books.google.com/books?id=ntzZAwAAQBAJ. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Biography of Lieutenant-General Dmitrii Platonovich Onuprienko – (Дмитрий Платонович Онуприенко) (1906–1977), Soviet Union". http://www.generals.dk/general/Onuprienko/Dmitrii_Platonovich/Soviet_Union.html. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  10. Glantz, David M.; House, Jonathan Mallory (1999-01-01). The Battle of Kursk. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700609789. https://books.google.com/books?id=N_RmAAAAMAAJ. 
  11. Order No. 105, Central Front, 14 July 1943, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  12. Order of Suvorov 2nd class citation, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  13. Hero of the Soviet Union citation, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  14. Order No. 86, 1st Ukrainian Front, 21 July 1944 available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  15. Order of Kutuzov 2nd class citation, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru
  16. USSR Presidium of the Supreme Soviet award list for 27 June 1945, available online at pamyat-naroda.ru

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