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'''Diego Hurtado de Mendoza''' (in full, {{lang-es|[[Don (honorific)|Don]] Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemus, primer conte di Melito e di Aliano, Gran Giustiziere del Regno di Napoli}}) (1468–1536) was a [[Crown of Castile|Castilian]] general and administrator. He served in the [[Italian Wars]], and was later appointed [[Viceroy of Valencia]] where he fought the rebel ''Germanies'' in the [[Revolt of the Brotherhoods]].
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'''Diego Hurtado de Mendoza''' (in full, {{lang-es|Don Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemus, primer conte di Melito e di Aliano, Gran Giustiziere del Regno di Napoli}}) (1468–1536) was a Castilian general and administrator. He served in the [[Italian Wars]], and was later appointed Viceroy of Valencia where he fought the rebel ''Germanies'' in the [[Revolt of the Brotherhoods]].
   
 
==Early life==
 
==Early life==
Diego was the second son of [[Cardinal (Catholicism)|Cardinal]] [[Pedro González de Mendoza]] and Mencia de Lemos, making him a member of the powerful [[House of Mendoza|Mendoza family]]. As Cardinal Mendoza was already a Cardinal, Diego was born out of wedlock. He was born and raised in the castle of [[Manzanares el Real]].
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Diego was the second son of Cardinal [[Pedro González de Mendoza]] and Mencia de Lemos, making him a member of the powerful [[House of Mendoza|Mendoza family]]. As Cardinal Mendoza was already a Cardinal, Diego was born out of wedlock. He was born and raised in the castle of [[Manzanares el Real]].
   
 
==Italian wars==
 
==Italian wars==
He joined the army and fought in the [[Granada War]]. After it completed in 1492, Mendoza advanced in rank and served in the [[Italian War of 1499–1504|Second Italian war]], where he distinguished himself serving under [[Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba]], "''el Gran Capitán''." He played an important role in the [[Battle of Ruvo]] and in the taking of [[Melito di Napoli|Melito]] in the [[Kingdom of Naples]], for which he was appointed [[Count of Mélito]] in 1506. <!-- Did he participate in the War of the Lague of Cambrai as well? Not clear from sources.-->
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He joined the army and fought in the [[Granada War]]. After it completed in 1492, Mendoza advanced in rank and served in the [[Italian War of 1499–1504|Second Italian war]], where he distinguished himself serving under [[Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba]], "''el Gran Capitán''." He played an important role in the [[Battle of Ruvo]] and in the taking of [[Melito di Napoli|Melito]] in the Kingdom of Naples, for which he was appointed [[Count of Mélito]] in 1506. <!-- Did he participate in the War of the Lague of Cambrai as well? Not clear from sources.-->
   
 
==As viceroy of Valencia==
 
==As viceroy of Valencia==
In 1520, he was appointed [[Viceroy of Valencia]]. [[Kingdom of Valencia|Valencia]] was at the time unsettled by plague and flood, and the ''germanies'' (guilds) were taking control of the [[Valencia, Spain|city of Valencia]] from the weak royal government there. Mendoza, a Castilian, was not well-received, and he provoked the ''Germanies'' by siding with the nobility and refusing to seat lawfully-elected representatives from the populace that favored the ''Germanies''. The viceroy's palace was attacked, and only barely held out after two hours assault. Mendoza and the government fled into the countryside, and the open warfare phase of the [[Revolt of the Brotherhoods]] began. Mendoza was initially defeated by the agermanats at the Battle of Gandia in June 1521, but royalist troops triumphed elsewhere, and he eventually returned with reinforcements into the city of Valencia in November 1521. He acted with moderation against the defeated rebels, but the arrival in 1523 of the new Viceroy [[Germaine of Foix]], widow of [[Ferdinand II of Aragon|Ferdinand of Aragon]], saw the punishment of the rebels intensify.
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In 1520, he was appointed Viceroy of Valencia. [[Kingdom of Valencia|Valencia]] was at the time unsettled by plague and flood, and the ''germanies'' (guilds) were taking control of the city of Valencia from the weak royal government there. Mendoza, a Castilian, was not well-received, and he provoked the ''Germanies'' by siding with the nobility and refusing to seat lawfully-elected representatives from the populace that favored the ''Germanies''. The viceroy's palace was attacked, and only barely held out after two hours assault. Mendoza and the government fled into the countryside, and the open warfare phase of the [[Revolt of the Brotherhoods]] began. Mendoza was initially defeated by the agermanats at the Battle of Gandia in June 1521, but royalist troops triumphed elsewhere, and he eventually returned with reinforcements into the city of Valencia in November 1521. He acted with moderation against the defeated rebels, but the arrival in 1523 of the new Viceroy [[Germaine of Foix]], widow of [[Ferdinand II of Aragon|Ferdinand of Aragon]], saw the punishment of the rebels intensify.
   
 
Diego was married to Ana de la Cerda y Castro, granddaughter of [[Gastón de la Cerda, 4th Count of Medinaceli]]. He died in Toledo in 1536.
 
Diego was married to Ana de la Cerda y Castro, granddaughter of [[Gastón de la Cerda, 4th Count of Medinaceli]]. He died in Toledo in 1536.
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===References===
 
===References===
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
* This article incorporates text translated from the [[Spanish Wikipedia]] article [[:es:Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemos|''Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemos'']], licensed under the {{srlink|Wikipedia:Text of the GNU Free Documentation License|GFDL}}.
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* This article incorporates text translated from the [[Spanish Wikipedia]] article [[:es:Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemos|''Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemos'']].
 
* {{cite book |last=Bonilla |first=Luis |title=Las Revoluciones Españolas En El Siglo XVI |year=1973 |publisher=Colección Universitaria de Bolsillo Punto Omega |location=Madrid |pages=197&ndash;221 |ref=Bon73}}
 
* {{cite book |last=Bonilla |first=Luis |title=Las Revoluciones Españolas En El Siglo XVI |year=1973 |publisher=Colección Universitaria de Bolsillo Punto Omega |location=Madrid |pages=197&ndash;221 |ref=Bon73}}
   
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{{s-aft|after={{nowrap|[[Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, 1st Duke of Francavilla|Diego<br>Hurtado de Mendoza]]}}}}
 
{{s-aft|after={{nowrap|[[Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, 1st Duke of Francavilla|Diego<br>Hurtado de Mendoza]]}}}}
 
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{{Wikipedia|Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, 1st Count of Melito}}
   
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Hurtado de Mendoza, Diego 01}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Hurtado de Mendoza, Diego 01}}

Latest revision as of 20:37, 10 April 2016

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Diego Hurtado de Mendoza (in full, Spanish language: Don Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemus, primer conte di Melito e di Aliano, Gran Giustiziere del Regno di Napoli ) (1468–1536) was a Castilian general and administrator. He served in the Italian Wars, and was later appointed Viceroy of Valencia where he fought the rebel Germanies in the Revolt of the Brotherhoods.

Early life[]

Diego was the second son of Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza and Mencia de Lemos, making him a member of the powerful Mendoza family. As Cardinal Mendoza was already a Cardinal, Diego was born out of wedlock. He was born and raised in the castle of Manzanares el Real.

Italian wars[]

He joined the army and fought in the Granada War. After it completed in 1492, Mendoza advanced in rank and served in the Second Italian war, where he distinguished himself serving under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, "el Gran Capitán." He played an important role in the Battle of Ruvo and in the taking of Melito in the Kingdom of Naples, for which he was appointed Count of Mélito in 1506.

As viceroy of Valencia[]

In 1520, he was appointed Viceroy of Valencia. Valencia was at the time unsettled by plague and flood, and the germanies (guilds) were taking control of the city of Valencia from the weak royal government there. Mendoza, a Castilian, was not well-received, and he provoked the Germanies by siding with the nobility and refusing to seat lawfully-elected representatives from the populace that favored the Germanies. The viceroy's palace was attacked, and only barely held out after two hours assault. Mendoza and the government fled into the countryside, and the open warfare phase of the Revolt of the Brotherhoods began. Mendoza was initially defeated by the agermanats at the Battle of Gandia in June 1521, but royalist troops triumphed elsewhere, and he eventually returned with reinforcements into the city of Valencia in November 1521. He acted with moderation against the defeated rebels, but the arrival in 1523 of the new Viceroy Germaine of Foix, widow of Ferdinand of Aragon, saw the punishment of the rebels intensify.

Diego was married to Ana de la Cerda y Castro, granddaughter of Gastón de la Cerda, 4th Count of Medinaceli. He died in Toledo in 1536.

Additional information[]

See also[]

References[]

  • This article incorporates text translated from the Spanish Wikipedia article Diego Hurtado de Mendoza y Lemos.
  • Bonilla, Luis (1973). Las Revoluciones Españolas En El Siglo XVI. Madrid: Colección Universitaria de Bolsillo Punto Omega. pp. 197–221. 
Government offices
New title Viceroy of Valencia
1520–1523
Succeeded by
Germaine of Foix
Spanish nobility
New title Count of Melito
1506-1536
Succeeded by
Diego
Hurtado de Mendoza

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