The Department of the Arkansas was a command echelon of the United States Army in the 19th century around the time of the American Civil War. This department was created on January 6, 1864, to consist of Arkansas, except Fort Smith, Arkansas. Fort Smith added later on April 17, 1864. "By direction of the President of the United States, Maj. Gen. US Volunteers, is placed in command of the Arkansas, which will consist of the State of Arkansas, except Fort Smith. The troops of Major-General Steele's command the Seventh Army Corps, and will be subject to the Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant. By order of the Secretary of War: Ed Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General" This Department was co-extensive with the second creation of the VII Corps
- Frederick Steele (January 6, 1864 to December 22, 1864)
- Joseph J. Reynolds (December 22, 1864 to August 1, 1865)
- "Dyer's Compendium (Union) Western Departments and Armies". http://www.civil-war.net/pages/dyers_western_departments_and_armies.asp. Retrieved 2014-04-25.
- Senate Documents, Otherwise Publ. as Public Documents and Executive. Washington, DC: United States Congress, Senate. 1868.
- United States War Department (1891). Lt. Col. Robert N. Scott. ed. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, DC: United States Printing Office.
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