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1914 defense or at that time known as 1914's order was a defense decision taken by the Swedish Parliament on September 12, 1914.

Background

The defense order or the order was made by Hjalmar Hammarskjöld. This after Karl Staaff had to resign in connection with the Borggård crisis. Hjalmar Hammarskjöld took office on 17 February 1914 as prime minister, and was also War Minister until August 15, 1914. At the outbreak of World War I, the defense question was still unresolved, but all parliamentary parties agreed that neutrality should valid.[1]

When the decision on the armed forces came, it was decided, among other things:

  • The retention period was changed, so it came to fall one year earlier, at the age of 20. It reached the age of 42, covering a total of 23 years.
  • The duration of the term of service was extended and comprised between 340 and 365 days, while 485 days were valid for reserve officers.
  • The order, ie the size of the army, would comprise twelve armies in 1925. The proliferation of the battle would take place over a 10-year period, ie between 1915 and 1925. After 1925, it was considered that the battle would be reduced. From 1914 a third battalion was added to the infantry regime.
  • The grand plan - was a plan for modernization of the navy vessel, which would take place in four five-year papers until 1934. The exercise time for naval pilots would be 360 ​​days.

In summary - due to a previous government crisis, the government came to Hammarskjöld to deal with the rehabilitation of Sweden's defense. That is, the Army and the Navy, but only when the First World War had begun. The Swedish air force at this time was at the test and trial stage. In 1916 there were about 30,000 soldiers available. The equipment would be completed in 1925.

Army size

1st to 6th Army Distributions were so-called line distributions. The 11th to 16th Army Distributions were reserve distributions, and formed the coast and border defense.

Army Distribution Brigade Initial Registry Brigade Initial Registry distribution dressings
I. & nbsp; Army Distribution 1. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors I & nbsp; 11 and I & nbsp; 16 2. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 24 and 25 A 3, K 5, K 6, K 7, T 4.
II. & Nbsp; Army Distribution 3. & nbsp; Infantry Guards In 4 and I 5 4. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 12 and 21 A 6, K 4, T 6.
III. & Nbsp; Army Distribution 5. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 9 and 15 6. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 6 and 17 A 2, A 10, K 3, Ing 2, T 2.
IV. & Nbsp; Army Distribution 7. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors I 1 and I 2 8. & nbsp; Infantry Guards In 3 and 10 A 1, A 9, A 1, A 3, K 1, T 1.
V. & nbsp; Army Distribution 9. & nbsp; Infantry Guards In 8 and 18 10. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 13 and 22
VI. & Nbsp; Army Distribution 11. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 14 and 23 12. & nbsp; Infantry Warriors In 20 and I 28 A 4, K 8, T 3.

In addition to the armies, troops were organized in Boden and Gotland.

  • Bodies' troops consisted of I & nbsp; 19, A & nbsp; 8 and Ing & nbsp; 4
  • Gotland's troops consisted of I & nbsp; 27 and A & nbsp; 7

Other changes

In the years 1914-1925, changes were made to the Army and Swedish Navy. From 1914, all order numbers within the Army were adjusted. For example, for Kronoberg's regiments, it meant that the designation of the regiment was adjusted from № & nbsp; 11 to the new designation I & nbsp; 11. The adjustment of the designation made to distinguish the regiments from their possible reserve regimes. Where the main registry for example had the designation I & nbsp; 11 and the reserve regiment had the designation I & nbsp; 111.

Artillery

Artillery Regiment after received a new designation, such as A & nbsp; 1 for Svea Artillery Regiment. Each regiment came to set up double field rules.

  • A & nbsp; 1 - Svea Artillery Regiment, Stockholm
  • A & nbsp; 2 - Göta Artillery Regiment, Gothenburg
  • A & nbsp; 3 - Words Artillery Regiment, Kristianstad
  • A & nbsp; 4 - Norrlands Artillery Regiment, Östersund
  • A & nbsp; 5 - Upplands Artillery Regiment, Uppsala
  • A & nbsp; 6 - Smalllands Artillery Regiment, Jönköping
  • A & nbsp; 7 - Gotland Artillery Year, Visby
  • A & nbsp; 8 - Boden-Karlsborg Artillery Regiment, Karlsborg and Boden
  • A & nbsp; 9 - Positionsartillerreglement, Stockholm

Engineers

  • Airline Company is formed by Field Traffic Corps s detachement at Axevalla and Malmen.
  • Ing & nbsp; 3 it - Detachment of the Field Countdown in the Boden
  • Ing & nbsp; 5 - Norrlands ingenjörkår, Östersund. (Never put up)

Intendent Groups

A new squad is formed with four locations.

  • Int & nbsp; 1 - Intendenturkompaniet i Stockholm
  • Int & nbsp; 2 - Intendenturkompaniet i Karlsborg
  • Int & nbsp; 3 - Intendenturkompaniet i Boden
  • Int & nbsp; 4 - Intendenturkompaniet i Sollefteå

Cavalry

  • K 9 - Norrbottens cavalry year, Boden (nevertheless, never got set up).

Coastal Artillery

Inside is organized and formed.

  • Hemsö Fortress and Luleå coastal position
  • Hemsö kystartillerikår

References

Sheet

Further reading

  • The best defense decision that never came true. Swedish Military History Library Publisher. 2009. ISBN 978-91-85789-57-3 (inb.). 
  • Peace's Illusions - The Swedish National Defense's Fall and Fall 1988-2009. Atlantis. 2009. ISBN 978-91-7353-417-8 (inb.). 
  • Year of rise, year of decline - The fate of the Armed Forces during the Cold War and Cold War. Swedish Military History Library Publisher. 2009. ISBN 978-91-85789-58-0 (inb.). 


This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from the German language Wikipedia (view authors).
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