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Daraa offensive
Part of the Syrian Civil War
Date3–6 October 2014
(3 days)
LocationDaraa Governorate, Syria
Result

Rebel victory

  • Rebels capture al-Harrah town,[2] two villages,[3][4] three checkpoints,[3][4] Tell al-Harrah[5] and its radar base[6][7]
  • Army counter-attack on Deir al-Adas repelled[8]
Belligerents
Syria Free Syrian Army
Al-Nusra Front
Islamic Front

Syria Syrian Arab Republic

Supported by:

  • (alleged)  Russia[1]
Commanders and leaders
Captain Abu Aws[9] Brigadier-general Mahmud Abo Arraj
(commander of the Brigade 121)[10]
Brigadier-general Nazir Fuddah [6]
Units involved
Jaish al-Ababil[7]
Flag of the Islamic Front (Syria) (Black).svgAlwiya al-Furqan[9]
Flag of the Hazm Movement.svg Hazzm Movement[9]

Syrian Arab Army Flag.svg 7th Division[11]


Syrian Arab Army Flag.svg 9th Division
Syrian Arab Army Flag.svg 90th Brigade
Syrian Arab Army Flag.svg 15th Brigade
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
63+ rebels killed[12][13][14] 53+ Syrian soldiers killed[8][12]
26+ civilians killed[2][14]


The October Daraa offensive, code-named "wa al-Fajr wa Layali Asher"[15] ("By the Dawn and ten nights") was a military operation launched by Syrian rebels during the Syrian civil war in Daraa Governorate, in an attempt to take control of Al-Harra and Al-Sanamayn.[16] This operation came after the successful rebel offensive in Quneitra province, which resulted in the rebels seizing the Syrian side of the Golan and the capture of a number of towns, villages and hills in Quneitra and Daraa provinces.

Failed army attack and rebel offensive

On 3 October, 23 soldiers were reportedly killed after a failed attempt to regain control over Deir al Adas.[8] The next day, rebels announced the start of a military operation called "wa al-Fajr wa Layali Asher", which aimed to capture al-Harra town and its 1,075 meters high strategic hill and to besiege Army forces in Al-Sanamayn and its surrounding barracks.[15] That day, between 18 and 60 rebels were killed.[13][17]

On 5 October, at least 30 soldiers and 29 rebels were killed at Tell Al-Harrah and at its radar base.[12] The rebels captured the hill,[5] Azmerin village and the Oum El-Aaoussaj barrier in al-Harrah town. According to opposition sources, two army tanks were destroyed and one fighter jet was downed,[4] while rebels also managed to capture the Tell al-Ahmar and the security facilitity in the south of al-Harrah town and the al-jadeera checkpoint east of it.[18] The base on the hill contained a spy facility run by a Russian special unit.[1] The next day, rebels captured the village of Zimrin east of Al-Harrah town and two checkpoints nearby.[3] That day, 16 rebels (including two commanders) and six members of the same family were killed.[14]

Aftermath

On 10 October, the Syrian Army started bombing al-Harrah town from the air and with ground-to-ground missiles, killing 20 civilians.[2]

On 15 October, the Syrian brigadier-general “Mahmud Abo Arraj”, commander of the Brigade 121 affiliated to the Seventh Division, fled his home in Damascus to the Syrian- Jordanian border after hearing he will be on trial and executed on charge of high treason due to "handing over al-Harrah Hill". He is likely killed in Rif Dimashq, but his body is still missing.[10]

On 17 October, rebels announced the start of a new battle called “Ahlo al- Azem", which aims in the capture of the following Army checkpoints: Umm al-Mayazen al Tebeh, Al-Ma’esra checkpoint and Al-Kazeyyat checkpoint. These checkpoints are located along the Damascus- Jordan highway and are considered the biggest of their kind in the eastern area.[19] On 20 October, rebels captured the al-Jeser, al-Falahin gas station and al-Ma'sara checkpoints near Umm al-Mayazan after three days of fighting. Umm al-Mayazan village was captured by the rebels the next day after heavy fighting with pro-government troops, who withdrew from the village and reportedly inflicted heavy casualties on the rebels.[20] That same day, at least 8 civilians were killed after the Syrian Arab Air Force bombed the Nasib border town.[21]

On 23 October, rebels captured the Umm al-Mayathen checkpoint near Nasib border crossing.[22]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Syrian Rebels Seize Russian Spy Station Near Israeli Border". The Daily Beast. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/10/07/syrian-rebels-seize-russian-spy-station-near-israeli-border.html?via=desktop&source=twitter. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "20 civilians including 5 children, killed in al-Harra in Dar’a". Facebook.com. https://www.facebook.com/syriahroe/posts/595045263937149. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Al-nusra front and rebel battalions capture barriers in Daraa countryside". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/index.php?option=com_news&nid=24538&Itemid=2&task=displaynews#.VDKPE_l_v94. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Opposition fighters seize areas in Daraa, southern Syria". KUNA. October 5, 2014. http://www.kuna.net.kw/ArticleDetails.aspx?id=2400854&language=en. Retrieved October 8, 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "19 regular soldiers killed during clashes in the strategic hill of al-Harra". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/en/2014/10/19-regular-soldiers-killed-during-clashes-in-the-strategic-hill-of-al-harra/. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Oryx. "Captured Russian spy facility reveals the extent of Russian aid to the Assad regime". Spioenkop.blogspot.nl. http://spioenkop.blogspot.nl/2014/10/captured-russian-spy-facility-reveals.html. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Elijah J Magnier: 6-10-2014". Twitter.com. https://twitter.com/EjmAlrai/status/518897087644041216. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "23 soldiers from the regime forces died in Daraa.". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/en/2014/10/23-soldiers-from-the-regime-forces-died-in-daraa/. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "اشتباكات في جوبر والنظام يستولي على الدخانية"الجيش الحر" يحرّر مدينة الحارة الاستراتيجية في درعا". Almustaqbal Newspaper. http://www.almustaqbal.com/v4/Article.aspx?Type=NP&ArticleID=634568. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 The brigadier- general “Mahmud Abo Arraj” has escaped from the regime army
  11. "Syria forces ranged for major counteroffensive to dislodge rebels from Quneitra. High tension on Golan". Debka.com. http://www.debka.com/article/24239/Syria-forces-ranged-for-major-counteroffensive-to-dislodge-rebels-from-Quneitra-High-tension-on-Golan. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "Syria regime bombing kills 21, including 8 children: monitor". Yahoo News. 10 October 2014. http://news.yahoo.com/syria-regime-bombing-kills-18-monitor-002630258.html. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Clashes in Daraa left 18 deaths on al Nusra and rebel battalions side.". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/en/2014/10/clashes-in-daraa-left-18-deaths-on-al-nusra-and-rebel-battalions-side/. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 "22 martyrs in Daraa, including 16 rebel fighters". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/index.php?option=com_news&nid=24578&Itemid=2&task=displaynews#.VDMVTfl_v94. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Islamic battalions announce a new battle in Dar’a countryside". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/en/2014/10/5362/. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  16. "Syria rebels take strategic hill near capital". Aljazeera.com. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/10/syria-rebels-take-strategic-hill-near-capital-201410645548879953.html. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  17. "Syrian Army Repulses Rebel Attack on Tal Harra". http://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-repulses-rebel-attack-tal-harra/. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  18. "Rebels Conquer Southern Gate to Western Ghouta". Syrianobserver.com. http://syrianobserver.com/News/News/Rebels+Conquer+Southern+Gate+to+Western+Ghouta. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  19. "Announcment of a new battle in Daraa, and death of 10 IS militants in Deir Ezzor". Syriahr.com. http://syriahr.com/en/2014/10/announcment-of-a-new-battle-in-daraa-and-death-of-10-is-militants-in-deir-ezzor/. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  20. "Syrian Army Captures Al-Samdaniyya in Quneitra; Rebels Capture ‘Umm Mayaazan in Dara’a". Al-Masdar News. 21 October 2014. http://www.almasdarnews.com/article/syrian-army-captures-al-samdaniyya-quneitra-rebels-capture-umm-mayaazan-daraa/. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  21. "تقدم للمقاتلين في محيط بلدة أم المياذن بريف درعا". Syriahr.com. http://www.syriahr.com/index.php?option=com_news&nid=25330&Itemid=2&task=displaynews#.VEZMgPl_v94. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  22. Syrian rebels take key checkpoint near Jordan

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