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==Early life and education==
 
==Early life and education==
Evans was born in Seattle, Washington (where he has lived {{As of|2007|lc=on}}),<ref name=cong-bio /> descended from a family that had first arrived in the Washington Territory in 1859; his grandfather had served in one of Washington's first state senates. He grew up in the [[Laurelhurst, Seattle, Washington|Laurelhurst]] neighborhood, and attended Roosevelt High School.<ref name=McHenry-2007-24>McHenry 2007, p. 24.</ref>
+
Evans was born in [[Seattle]], Washington,<ref name=cong-bio /> descended from a family that had first arrived in the [[Washington Territory]] in 1859; his grandfather had served in one of Washington's first state senates. He grew up in the [[Laurelhurst, Seattle|Laurelhurst]] neighborhood, and attended [[Roosevelt High School (Washington)|Roosevelt High School]].<ref name=McHenry-2007-24>McHenry 2007, p. 24.</ref>
   
 
As a young man, Evans was an [[Eagle Scout rank (Boy Scouts of America)|Eagle Scout]],<ref name=McHenry-2007-25>McHenry 2007, p.25.</ref> and served as a staff member and Hike Master at [[Camp Parsons]], a well known Boy Scout camp in Washington State. As an adult, he was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America in 1973.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nesa.org/awards-and-recognition/distinguished-eagle-scout-award/distinguished-eagle-scout-recipients/|title=P: Distinguished Eagle Scout Recipients|publisher=NESA.org|accessdate=January 13, 2024}}</ref>
 
As a young man, Evans was an [[Eagle Scout rank (Boy Scouts of America)|Eagle Scout]],<ref name=McHenry-2007-25>McHenry 2007, p.25.</ref> and served as a staff member and Hike Master at [[Camp Parsons]], a well known Boy Scout camp in Washington State. As an adult, he was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America in 1973.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nesa.org/awards-and-recognition/distinguished-eagle-scout-award/distinguished-eagle-scout-recipients/|title=P: Distinguished Eagle Scout Recipients|publisher=NESA.org|accessdate=January 13, 2024}}</ref>

Latest revision as of 22:21, 8 July 2024

Daniel J. Evans
Governor Daniel J. Evans
Official portrait c. 1965–1968
United States Senator
from Washington

In office
September 8, 1983 – January 3, 1989
Preceded by Henry M. Jackson
Succeeded by Slade Gorton
2nd President of Evergreen State College

In office
June 6, 1977 – September 8, 1983
Preceded by Charles J. McCann
Succeeded by Joseph D. Olander
Chair of the National Governors Association

In office
June 3, 1973 – June 2, 1974
Preceded by Marvin Mandel
Succeeded by Cal Rampton
16th Governor of Washington

In office
January 13, 1965 – January 12, 1977
Lieutenant John Cherberg
Preceded by Albert Rosellini
Succeeded by Dixy Lee Ray
Minority Leader of the Washington House of Representatives

In office
January 9, 1961 – January 11, 1965
Preceded by August P. Mardesich
Succeeded by John L. O'Brien
Member of the Washington House of Representatives
In office
January 14, 1957 – January 11, 1965
Preceded by R. Mort Frayn
Succeeded by Newman H. Clark
Personal details
Born Daniel Jackson Evans
October 16, 1925(1925-10-16) (age 98)
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Nancy Bell (m. 1959–2024)
Children 3
Military service
Allegiance US flag 48 stars United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1943–1946
1951–1953
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War

Daniel Jackson Evans (born October 16, 1925) is an American politician from Washington. He served as the 16th governor of Washington from 1965 to 1977 and as a United States senator from 1983 to 1989. Following his service in the United States Navy, Evans was elected to the Washington House of Representatives in 1956. He then served as Republican leader of the House before being elected governor in 1964. He was reelected twice more in 1968 and in 1972. Described as a moderate Republican, particularly on social and environmental issues,[1] Evans supported Nelson Rockefeller for the Republican nomination for president in 1968 and refused to endorse Richard Nixon, despite giving the keynote address at that year's Republican National Convention.[2] Evans was considered for the Republican vice-presidential nomination in 1968 and in 1976, although he was passed over both times. In 1983, he was appointed to the United States Senate following the death of Henry M. Jackson, and was elected to finish the term in a special election in November and served until 1989, declining to run again. Since the death of James L. Buckley in August 2023, he is the oldest living former senator and, as of 2023, he is the only living former Republican governor or senator from Washington.

Early life and education

Evans was born in Seattle, Washington,[3] descended from a family that had first arrived in the Washington Territory in 1859; his grandfather had served in one of Washington's first state senates. He grew up in the Laurelhurst neighborhood, and attended Roosevelt High School.[4]

As a young man, Evans was an Eagle Scout,[5] and served as a staff member and Hike Master at Camp Parsons, a well known Boy Scout camp in Washington State. As an adult, he was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America in 1973.[6]

After high school, Evans served in the United States Navy 1943–1946.[3] He first entered the V-12 Navy College Training Program, and was stationed at the University of Washington (UW), but was transferred eight months later to an ROTC program at University of California, Berkeley. He did not see combat; he was deployed to the Pacific shortly after the end of World War II, as a commissioned ensign on a succession of aircraft carriers, before returning to UW in 1946.[4]

Evans graduated from the University of Washington with degrees in civil engineering (BS, 1948; MS, 1949).[3][4] The UW later (in 2007) gave him the distinction of Alumnus Summa Laude Dignitatus, the highest distinction the university confers on its graduates.[4] He returned to the United States Navy (1951–1953)[3] before working as a structural engineer[3][4] (1953–1956); in the latter capacity, he helped draw up the plans for the Alaskan Way Viaduct.[4]

Political career

Having attended Toastmasters to improve his initially abysmal public speaking style,[2] Evans served in the Washington State House of Representatives from 1957 to 1965 before being elected governor.[3]

Daniel J

Evans during his tenure as governor

Despite being a Republican and a self-styled conservative,[3] Evans became known for his administration's liberal policies on environmental protection (he founded the country's first state-level Department of Ecology, which became Nixon's blueprint for the federal EPA) and strong support of the state's higher education system, including founding Washington's system of community colleges. In addition, he signed a bill to legalize abortion in the first four months of a pregnancy and fought unsuccessfully for a state income tax, two additional liberal positions.[7] [5]

DanielJEvans

Evans as a United States Senator, 1985

Evans announced his campaign for governor in December 1963. He was elected in 1964 and served until 1977,[3] one of three to be elected to three terms, after Arthur B. Langlie and later current governor Jay Inslee, in Washington state history. A 1981 University of Michigan study named him one of the ten outstanding American governors of the 20th century.[5] He declined to run for a fourth term in 1976. Current governor Jay Inslee joined both Langlie and Evans, becoming the third Washington governor to serve three terms with his re-election victory in 2020.[8] Serial killer Ted Bundy served as a campaign aide for Evans, and maintained a close relationship with the governor. During the 1972 campaign, Bundy followed Evans's Democratic opponent around the state, tape recording his speeches, and reporting back to Evans personally. A minor scandal later followed when the Democrats found out about Bundy, who had been posing as a college student.[9]

From 1977 to 1983, Evans served as the second president of The Evergreen State College in Olympia,[3] which Evans had created in 1967 by signing a legislative act authorizing the formation of the college. The largest building on the Evergreen campus is named the Daniel J. Evans Library, in his honor.[10] In 1983, Governor John Spellman appointed Evans to the United States Senate, to fill a seat left vacant by the death of long-time senator Henry M. Jackson. Evans won a special election later that year against Mike Lowry, and filled the remainder of Jackson's unexpired term, retiring from politics after the 1988 elections.[3][11] He was unhappy during his term in the Senate, writing in a 1988 column in The New York Times Magazine that "debate has come to consist of set speeches read before a largely empty chamber" and adding that he felt demoralized by "bickering and protracted paralysis".[5][12]

Evans voted in favor of the bill establishing Martin Luther King, Jr., Day as a federal holiday, and the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 (as well as to override President Reagan's veto).[13][14][15] Evans voted in favor of Robert Bork's nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court.[16]

Later life

After leaving the Senate in 1989, Evans founded his own consulting firm, Daniel J. Evans Associates.[3] Governor Mike Lowry appointed him to the Board of Regents of the University of Washington in 1993; Evans served as the board's president from 1996 to 1997,[3] and in 1999, the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs at the University was named for him. Evans also went on to work in media, doing an editorial weekly on the KIRO-TV newscasts from the early- to mid-1990s. In 2012, Evans was listed as a director of the Initiative for Global Development.[17] His autobiography was published in 2022.[1] After the death of James L. Buckley in August 2023, he became the oldest living former U.S. senator.[18] On January 26, 2024, his wife of 64 years, Nancy Evans, died at age 90.[19]

Wilderness preservation efforts

Evans was a Boy Scout whose early experiences hiking in the Olympic Mountains nurtured a life-long love of wilderness.[20] Throughout his career, Evans has proven his dedication to the great outdoors in Washington State through his action.[21]

Evans was a crucial supporter, in 1968, when Congress created the North Cascades National Park. The then-governor persuaded President Gerald Ford to sign 1976 legislation creating the Alpine Lakes Wilderness Area, when the U.S. Forest Service was urging a veto.[20]

As a U.S. senator, Evans sponsored the million-acre Washington Park Wilderness Act, and legislation creating the Columbia Gorge National Scenic Area.[22][23]

In 1989, Evans co-founded the Washington Wildlife and Recreation Coalition, with Mike Lowry.[21]

In 2017, Olympic Wilderness was renamed to Daniel J. Evans Wilderness, in honor of Evans.[20]

Statewide races in Washington

1983 U.S. Senate special election in Washington[24]

  • Dan Evans (incumbent) - 672,326
  • Mike Lowry - 540,981

1972 Washington gubernatorial election[25]

  • Dan Evans (incumbent) - 747,825
  • Albert Rosellini - 630,613

1968 Washington gubernatorial election[26]

1964 Washington gubernatorial election[27]

  • Dan Evans - 697,256
  • Albert Rosellini (incumbent) - 548,692

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Banel, Feliks (February 9, 2022). "Former Washington Gov. Dan Evans reflects on storied career, state of modern GOP, and more". KIRO-FM. https://mynorthwest.com/3342451/former-washington-governor-dan-evans-reflects-storied-career-autobiography/. Retrieved June 9, 2022. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 McHenry 2007, p. 24–25.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 Congressional Biography, accessed online August 13, 2007. As of 2022, Evans is only living former Republican governor of Washington.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 McHenry 2007, p. 24.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 McHenry 2007, p.25.
  6. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "P: Distinguished Eagle Scout Recipients". NESA.org. https://nesa.org/awards-and-recognition/distinguished-eagle-scout-award/distinguished-eagle-scout-recipients/. Retrieved January 13, 2024. 
  7. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Washington's 1970 Abortion Reform Victory: The Referendum 20 Campaign - Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History Project". https://depts.washington.edu/civilr/referendum20.htm. 
  8. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (August 30, 1973). "Evans' man followed Rosy". https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=cjcQAAAAIBAJ&dq=theodore-bundy&pg=6225%2C3131787. [dead link]
  9. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (August 30, 1973). "Aide to Washington's Governor Posed as Student in Foe's Camp" (in en-US). The New York Times. pp. 23. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/1973/08/30/archives/aide-to-washingtons-governor-posed-as-student-in-foes-camp.html. 
  10. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (November 14, 2011). "The Evergreen State College Library". http://library.evergreen.edu/index.html. 
  11. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (October 21, 1987). "Sen. Evans won't seek re-election". San Bernardino, CA. https://www.newspapers.com/clip/7293642//.  open access publication - free to read
  12. Evans, Daniel J. (April 17, 1988). "Why I'm Quitting the U.S. Senate". p. 48. https://www.nytimes.com/1988/04/17/magazine/why-i-m-quitting-the-senate.html. Retrieved June 9, 2022. 
  13. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "TO PASS H.R. 3706. (MOTION PASSED) SEE NOTE(S) 19.". https://www.govtrack.us/congress/votes/98-1983/s293. 
  14. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "TO PASS S. 557, CIVIL RIGHTS RESTORATION ACT, A BILL TO RESTORE THE BROAD COVERAGE AND CLARIFY FOUR CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS BY PROVIDING THAT IF ONE PART OF AN INSTITUTION IS FEDERALLY FUNDED, THEN THE ENTIRE INSTITUTION MUST NOT DISCRIMINATE.". https://www.govtrack.us/congress/votes/100-1988/s432. 
  15. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "TO ADOPT, OVER THE PRESIDENT'S VETO OF S. 557, CIVIL RIGHTS RESTORATION ACT, A BILL TO RESTORE BROAD COVERAGE OF FOUR CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS BY DECLARING THAT IF ONE PART OF AN INSTITUTION RECEIVES FEDERAL FUNDS, THEN THE ENTIRE INSTITUTION MUST NOT DISCRIMINATE. TWO-THIRDS OF THE SENATE, HAVING VOTED IN THE AFFIRMATIVE, OVERRODE THE PRESIDENTIAL VETO.". https://www.govtrack.us/congress/votes/100-1988/s487. 
  16. Turner, Wallace (October 21, 1987). "Senator Evans Won't Run in '88". p. A21. https://www.nytimes.com/1987/10/21/us/senator-evans-won-t-run-in-88.html. Retrieved June 9, 2022. 
  17. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Leadership Council | Initiative for Global Development". Igdleaders.org. http://igdleaders.org/sections/whoweare/whoweare_leadershipcouncil.asp. 
  18. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (2023-08-18). "James Buckley, conservative senator and brother of late writer William F. Buckley, dies at 100" (in en). https://www.politico.com/news/2023/08/18/james-buckley-conservative-senator-death-00111928. 
  19. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (2024-01-28). "Nancy Evans, Washington’s former first lady, dies at 90" (in en-US). https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/obituaries/nancy-evans-washingtons-former-first-lady-dies-at-90/. 
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£ (August 21, 2017). "'A fitting tribute': Olympic Wilderness renamed for longtime outdoors advocate, former Gov. Dan Evans". Seattle Times. https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/environment/a-fitting-tribute-olympic-wilderness-named-for-longtime-outdoorsman-and-advocate-former-gov-dan-evans/. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Board and Committees". Washington Wildlife and Recreation Coalition. https://wildliferecreation.org/about-us/board-committees/. 
  22. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "S.2165 - Washington Park Wilderness Act of 1988". U.S. Congress. https://www.congress.gov/bill/100th-congress/senate-bill/2165/all-info. 
  23. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "S.2055 - Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Act". U.S. Congress. https://www.congress.gov/bill/99th-congress/senate-bill/2055/all-info. 
  24. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Election Search Results - Elections & Voting - WA Secretary of State". http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/results_report.aspx?e=30&c=&c2=&t=&t2=&p=&p2=&y=. 
  25. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Election Search Results - Elections & Voting - WA Secretary of State". https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/results_report.aspx. 
  26. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Elections Search Results: November 1968 General". Secretary of State of Washington. https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/results_report.aspx?e=43&c=&c2=&t=440&t2=2&p=&p2=&y=. 
  27. Republic of Égyptien Q42 user:mgbtrust0 ®™✓©§∆∆∆€¢£. "Elections Search Results: November 1964 General". Secretary of State of Washington. https://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/results_report.aspx?e=47&c=&c2=&t=440&t2=2&p=&p2=&y=. 
Other sources
  • Eric McHenry, "Engineer of Change", Columns (the University of Washington alumni magazine), June 2007, p. 22–26.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Lloyd J. Andrews
Republican nominee for Governor of Washington
1964, 1968, 1972
Succeeded by
John Spellman
Preceded by
Mark Hatfield
Keynote speaker of the Republican National Convention
1968
Succeeded by
Anne Armstrong
Preceded by
Doug Jewett
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Washington
(Class 1)

1983
Succeeded by
Slade Gorton
Political offices
Preceded by
Albert Rosellini
Governor of Washington
1965–1977
Succeeded by
Dixy Lee Ray
Preceded by
Marvin Mandel
Chair of the National Governors Association
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Cal Rampton
United States Senate
Preceded by
Henry M. Jackson
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Washington
1983–1989
Served alongside: Slade Gorton, Brock Adams
Succeeded by
Slade Gorton
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
John Walsh
as Former US Senator
Order of precedence of the United States Succeeded by
Martha McSally
as Former US Senator
Honorary titles
Preceded by
James L. Buckley
Oldest living United States senator
(Sitting or former)

August 18, 2023 – present
Incumbent
All or a portion of this article consists of text from Wikipedia, and is therefore Creative Commons Licensed under GFDL.
The original article can be found at Daniel J. Evans and the edit history here.