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Curtiss R3C
Curtiss R3C-2
Role racer
Manufacturer Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
First flight 18 September 1925
Introduction 1925
Primary users US Navy
US Army
Number built 3
Developed from Curtiss R2C

The Curtiss R3C was an American racing aircraft built in landplane and floatplane form. It was a single-seat biplane built by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.

The R3C-1[1] was the landplane version and Cyrus Bettis won the Pulitzer Trophy Race in one on 12 October 1925 with a speed of 248.9 mph (406.5 km/h).

The R3C-2 was a twin float seaplane built for the Schneider Trophy race. In 1925, it took place at Chesapeake Bay in Baltimore, Maryland. With 232.57 mph (374.274 km/h), pilot Jimmy Doolittle won the trophy with a Curtiss R3C-2. The other two R3C-2s, piloted by George Cuddihy and Ralph Oftsie, did not reach the finish line. The next day, with the same plane on a straight course, Doolittle reached 245.7 mph (395.4 km/h), a new world record. For the next Schneider Trophy, which took place on 13 November 1926, the R3C-2's engine was further improved, and pilot Christian Franck Schilt won second place with 231.364 mph (372.34 km/h).


Surviving R3C-2 is displayed at the NASM near Washington

United States


The R3C-2 that Jimmy Doolitle piloted to victory in the 1925 Schneider Trophy race is preserved at the National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Centre, at Washington Dulles Airport, Virginia. It still wears its '3' 1925 racing number.

Specifications (R3C-2)

An R3C-2 at the Naval Aircraft Factory in 1926.

Data from Curtiss Aircraft 1907–1947[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 22 ft (6.71 m)
  • Wingspan: 22.0 ft (6.71 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 4 in (3.14 m)
  • Wing area: 144 sq ft (13.4m²)
  • Airfoil: Curtiss C-80
  • Empty weight: 2,135 lb (968 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,738 lb (1,242 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Curtiss V-1400, 565 hp (421 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 245 mph (213 knots, 394 km/h)
  • Range: 290 mi (252 nmi, 467 km)

See also

In culture

  • A Curtiss R3C appears in Hayao Miyazaki's Porco Rosso animated movie featuring a romanticized interwar aviation. The Curtiss R3C is flown by a pilot himself named Curtiss. The dialogues also reference the 1925 Schneider Trophy.


  1. Also given the "paper" designation F3C as fighters in the US Navy designation system: Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p.127.
  2. Bowers 1979, p.237

External links

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