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Convoy HX-84
Part of World War II
Date5 November 1940
LocationNorth Atlantic
Result German Victory
Belligerents
War Ensign of Germany 1938-1945.svg Germany Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.png United Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Theodor Krancke E.S.F. Fegen
Strength
1 heavy cruiser 1 armed merchant cruiser
38 merchant ships
Casualties and losses
None 1 armed merchant cruiser sunk
5 merchant ships sunk
1 merchant ship damaged


HX-84 was a North Atlantic convoy of the HX series during the battle of the Atlantic in World War II. It consisted of 38 merchant ships which sailed eastbound from Halifax, Nova Scotia, for Liverpool, England, on 28 October 1940 and was escorted by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay

The Action

On 5 November 1940, the German heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer found the convoy at 50°30′N 32°00′W / 50.5°N 32°W / 50.5; -32 and attacked immediately. Captain E.S.F. Fegen of the Jervis Bay attacked the raider so as to delay Admiral Scheer and to allow the convoy to escape. The Jervis Bay was quickly sunk with the loss of 190 of her crew. Nevertheless, their sacrifice gave the convoy time to scatter, allowing all but six of the merchantmen to escape.

Maiden, Trewellard, Kenbame Head, Beaverford and Fresno were sunk and the tanker MV San Demetrio damaged, but failing light now allowed the rest of the convoy to escape. The San Demetrio was abandoned by her crew, but two days later some of the crew, now in lifeboats, sighted the San Demetrio, still afloat and still ablaze. They reboarded her, got the engines running, and brought her in to port. This incident later formed the basis for the script of the film San Demetrio London.

Ships in the convoy[1]

Name Flag Tonnage (GRT) Notes
Andalusian (1918)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 3,082
Anna Bulgaris (1912)  Greece 4,603
Athelempress (1930)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,941 Joined Ex BHX 84
Atheltemplar (1930)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,992 Joined Ex BHX 84
Beaverford (1928)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 10,042 Sunk By Admiral Scheer
Briarwood (1930)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 4,019
Castilian (1919)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 3,067
Cetus (1920)  Norway 2,614
HMCS Columbia (I49)  Royal Canadian Navy Escort 28 Oct - 29 Oct
Cordelia (1932)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,190 Joined Ex BHX 84. Returned post-dispersal
Cornish City (1936)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 4,952
Dan-Y-Bryn (1940)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,117
Danae Ii (1936)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 2,660
Delhi (1925)  Sweden 4,571 Joined Ex BHX 84
Delphinula (1939)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,120
Emile Francqui (1929)  Belgium 5,859
Empire Penguin (1919)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,389
Erodona (1937)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,207
Fresno City (1929)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 4,955 Sunk By Admiral Scheer
Hjalmar Wessel (1935)  Norway 1,742
James J Maguire (1939)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 10,525
HMS Jervis Bay  Royal Navy Escort 28 Oct - 05 Nov
Sunk By Admiral Scheer
Kenbane Head (1919)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,225 Sunk By Admiral Scheer
Lancaster Castle (1937)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,172
Maidan (1925)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 7,908 Sunk By Admiral Scheer
Morska Wola (1924)  Poland 3,208
Oilreliance (1929)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,666 Joined Ex BHX 84
Pacific Enterprise (1927)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,736 Jx BHX 84
Persier (1918)  Belgium 5,382
Puck (1935)  Poland 1,065
Rangitiki (1929)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 16,698
Saint Gobain (1936)  Sweden 9,959 Joined Ex BHX 84
San Demetrio (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,073
Solfonn (1939)  Norway 9,925 Joined Ex BHX 84
Sovac (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,724
HMCS St Francis  Royal Canadian Navy Escort 28 Oct - 29 Oct
Stureholm (1919)  Sweden 4,575 Returned Halifax post-dispersal
Trefusis (1918)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,299
Trewellard (1936)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,201 Sunk By Admiral Scheer
Varoy (1892)  Norway 1,531
Vingaland (1935)  Sweden 2,734 Sunk by Luftwaffe aircraft post-dispersal W of County Donegal

External links

References

  1. "Convoy HX.84". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hx/index.html. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  • Dan van der Vat : The Atlantic Campaign (1988).ISBN 0-340-37751-8
  • Arnold Hague : The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945 (2000). ISBN (Canada) 1 55125 033 0 . ISBN (UK) 1 86176 147 3
  • Theodor Krancke, Hans Brennecke : The Battleship ‘Scheer’ (1956). ISBN
  • Calum MacNeil : San Demetrio (1957). ISBN

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