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Clorinde-class submarine
German submarines Cherbourg NH 43779.jpg
Cornélie (far fight) and Clorinde (far left) at Cherbourg, 1920
Class overview
Name: Clorinde
Builders: Arsenal de Rochefort
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Charles Brun
Succeeded by: Gustave Zédé class
Built: 1910–17
In service: 1916–26
In commission: 1916–26
Completed: 2
Scrapped: 2
General characteristics (as built)
Type: Submarine
Displacement:
  • 422 t (415 long tons) (surfaced)
  • 574 t (565 long tons) (submerged)
Length: 53.95 m (177 ft 0 in) (o/a)
Beam: 5.1 m (16 ft 9 in) (deep)
Draft: 3.45 m (11 ft 4 in)
Installed power:
  • 700–750 PS (510–550 kW; 690–740 hp) diesel engines
  • 350 PS (260 kW; 350 hp) electric motors
Propulsion: 2 shafts; 2 diesels; 2 electric motors
Speed:
  • 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) (surfaced)
  • 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) (submerged)
Range:
  • 1,240–1,440 nmi (2,300–2,670 km; 1,430–1,660 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) (surfaced)
  • 104 nmi (193 km; 120 mi) at 5.2 knots (9.6 km/h; 6.0 mph) (submerged)
  • Test depth: 40 m (131 ft 3 in)
    Complement: 27 crew
    Armament:

    The Clorinde-class submarines were built for the French Navy prior to World War I. There were two vessels in this class, neither of them would be used during World War I, but they operated in the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel until they were stricken in 1926.

    Construction

    The Clorinde-class submarines were both built at Arsenal de Rochefort in November 1910, they were double-hulled submarines and built under the 1909 programme Project of M. Hutter on the basis of Labeuf Brumaire. They were launched in 1913 and the first submarine Clorinde was completed in October 1916, while her sistership Cornélie was finished in September 1917.[1]

    When they were completed, the submarine was 53.9 metres (176 ft 10 in) long, with a beam of 5.1 metres (16 ft 9 in) and a draft of 3.4 metres (11 ft 2 in). The submarine was assessed at 567 GRT. They had 2 MAN-Loire diesels / 2 NANCY-electric motors which were powered by diesel oil and the engine was rated at 800 nhp. Her max. depth was 40 metres (131 ft 3 in), they could hold 29 crew and they were armed with 2 450 mm (17.7 in) bow torpedo tubes, 6 single 450 mm Drzewiecki drop collars of which 4 were placed at the aft of the submarine. They each also held a single 47 mm deck gun which was installed in 1916 when they entered service.

    Ships

    Notes

    Bibliography

    • Couhat, Jean Labayle (1974). French Warships of World War I. London: Ian Allen. ISBN 0-7110-0445-5. 
    • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
    • Garier, Gérard (2002) (in French). A l'épreuve de la Grande Guerre. L'odyssée technique et humaine du sous-marin en France. 3–2. Bourg-en-Bresse, France: Marines édition. ISBN 2-909675-81-5. 
    • Garier, Gérard (2000) (in French). Des Clorinde (1912-1916) aux Diane (1912–1917). L'odyssée technique et humaine du sous-marin en France. 3-1. Bourg-en-Bresse, France: Marines édition. ISBN 2-909675-54-8. 
    • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). "Classement par types". Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 2, 1870 - 2006. Toulon: Roche. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. 

    External links


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